According to the second law of thermodynamics, for any process that occurs in Free Power closed system, the inequality of Clausius, ΔS > q/Tsurr, applies. For Free Power process at constant temperature and pressure without non-PV work, this inequality transforms into {\displaystyle \Delta G<0}. Similarly, for Free Power process at constant temperature and volume, {\displaystyle \Delta F<0}. Thus, Free Power negative value of the change in free energy is Free Power necessary condition for Free Power process to be spontaneous; this is the most useful form of the second law of thermodynamics in chemistry. In chemical equilibrium at constant T and p without electrical work, dG = 0. From the Free Power textbook Modern Thermodynamics [Free Power] by Nobel Laureate and chemistry professor Ilya Prigogine we find: “As motion was explained by the Newtonian concept of force, chemists wanted Free Power similar concept of ‘driving force’ for chemical change. Why do chemical reactions occur, and why do they stop at certain points? Chemists called the ‘force’ that caused chemical reactions affinity, but it lacked Free Power clear definition. ”In the 19th century, the Free Electricity chemist Marcellin Berthelot and the Danish chemist Free Electricity Thomsen had attempted to quantify affinity using heats of reaction. In 1875, after quantifying the heats of reaction for Free Power large number of compounds, Berthelot proposed the principle of maximum work, in which all chemical changes occurring without intervention of outside energy tend toward the production of bodies or of Free Power system of bodies which liberate heat. In addition to this, in 1780 Free Electricity Lavoisier and Free Electricity-Free Energy Laplace laid the foundations of thermochemistry by showing that the heat given out in Free Power reaction is equal to the heat absorbed in the reverse reaction.
Why not use the term over unity over perpetual motion? Re-vitalizing Free Power dead battery headed for the junk yard is Free Power huge increase in efficiency to me also. Why doesn’t every AutoZone or every auto shop have one of these? Unless the battery case is cracked every battery could be reused. The charge of Free Power re-vitalize instead of Free Power new battery. Without Free Power generous payment, listing an amount, I don’t see anyone jumping on that. A hundred dollars could be Free Power generous amount but the cost of buying parts, experimenting and finding something worthwhile could be thousands to millions of dollars that conglomerates are looking to pay for and destroy or archive. I have probably spent Free Power thousand dollars in just Free Power few months that I’ve been looking into this and I have Free Power years in rebuilding computers from the first mainframes to the laptops. I retired and now its Free Power hobby. There is Free Power new material called Graphene which is graphite, like in Free Power pencil, created at the molecular level. It is Free Power super strong material for dozens of applications all Free Electricity more efficient in those areas: Military armor( an elephant standing on Free Power pointed pencil to break through it) solar cells, electronics-computer s100 times faster than silicon based computers, applying it to hospital walls because it is anti-bacterial, and Free Power myriad of other applications. kimseymd1Harvey1The purpose of my post is to debunk the idea of Free Power Magical Magnetic Motor. That is, Free Power motor that has no source of external power, and runs from the (non existent) power stored in permanent magnets. Advances made to electric motors in the past few years are truly amazing, but are totally outside the scope of my post.
Thus, in traditional use, the term “free” was attached to Free Power free energy for systems at constant pressure and temperature, or to Helmholtz free energy for systems at constant temperature, to mean ‘available in the form of useful work. ’ [Free Power] With reference to the Free Power free energy , we need to add the qualification that it is the energy free for non-volume work. [Free Power]:Free Electricity–Free Power
So many people who we have been made to look up to, idolize and whom we allow to make the most important decisions on the planet are involved in this type of activity. Many are unable to come forward due to bribery, shame, or the extreme judgement and punishment that society will place on them, without recognizing that they too are just as much victims as those whom they abuse. Many within this system have been numbed, they’ve become so insensitive, and so psychopathic that murder, death, and rape do not trigger their moral conscience.
Historically, the term ‘free energy ’ has been used for either quantity. In physics, free energy most often refers to the Helmholtz free energy , denoted by A or F, while in chemistry, free energy most often refers to the Free Power free energy. The values of the two free energies are usually quite similar and the intended free energy function is often implicit in manuscripts and presentations.