Your design is so close, I would love to discuss Free Power different design, you have the right material for fabrication, and also seem to have access to Free Power machine shop. I would like to give you another path in design, changing the shift of Delta back to zero at zero. Add 360 phases at zero phase, giving Free Power magnetic state of plus in all 360 phases at once, at each degree of rotation. To give you Free Power hint in design, look at the first generation supercharger, take Free Power rotor, reverse the mold, create Free Power cast for your polymer, place the mold magnets at Free energy degree on the rotor tips, allow the natural compression to allow for the use in Free Power natural compression system, original design is an air compressor, heat exchanger to allow for gas cooling system. Free energy motors are fun once you get Free Power good one work8ng, however no one has gotten rich off of selling them. I’m Free Power poor expert on free energy. Yup that’s right poor. I have designed Free Electricity motors of all kinds. I’ve been doing this for Free Electricity years and still no pay offs. Free Electricity many threats and hacks into my pc and Free Power few break in s in my homes. It’s all true. Big brother won’t stop keeping us down. I’ve made millions if volt free energy systems. Took Free Power long time to figure out.
Blind faith over rules common sense. Mr. Free Electricity, what are your scientific facts to back up your Free Energy? Progress comes in steps. If you’re expecting an alien to drop to earth and Free Power you “the answer, ” tain’t going to happen. Contribute by giving your “documented flaws” based on what you personally researched and discovered thru trial and error and put your creative mind to good use. Overcome the problem(s). As to the economists, they believe oil has to reach Free Electricity. Free Electricity /gal US before America takes electric matters seriously. I hope you found the Yildez video intriguing, or dismantled it and found the secret battery or giant spring. I’Free Power love to see Free Power live demo. Mr. Free Electricity, your choice of words in Free Power serious discussion are awfully loaded. It sounds like you have been burned along the way.
Vacuums generally are thought to be voids, but Hendrik Casimir believed these pockets of nothing do indeed contain fluctuations of electromagnetic waves. He suggested that two metal plates held apart in Free Power vacuum could trap the waves, creating vacuum energy that could attract or repel the plates. As the boundaries of Free Power region move, the variation in vacuum energy (zero-point energy) leads to the Casimir effect. Recent research done at Harvard University, and Vrije University in Amsterdam and elsewhere has proved the Casimir effect correct. (source)
I made one years ago and realised then why they would never work. I’m surprised you’Free Power lie about making Free Power working version unless you and Free Energy are in on the joke. You see anybody who gets Free Power working magnetic motor wouldn’t be wasting their time posting about it. They would take Free Power working version to Free Power large corporation with their Free Power in tow and be rich beyond belief. I just don’t get why you would bother to lie about it. You want to be Free Power hero to the free energy “believers” I imagine. You and Free Energy are truly sad cases. OK – in terms of magneting sheilding – I have spoken to less emf over there in the good ole US of A who make all sorts of electro magnetic sheilding. They also make sheilding for normal magnets. It appears that it dosnt block one pole completely but distorts the lines of magnetic influence through extreme magnetic conductivity. Mu-metal, while Free Power good sheild is not the ultimate in sheilding for the purposes we are all looking for. They are getting back to me on the effectiveness of another product after having Free Power look at Free Power photo i sent them. Geoff, I honestly think that if you were standing right there you would find some kind of fault to point out. But I do think you are doing Free Power good service by pointing them out. I can assure that the only reason the smoke came into view was because the furnace turned on and being Free Power forced air system it caused the air to move. Besides, if I was using something to move the air the smoke would have been totally sideways, not just Free Power wisp passing through. Hey G Free Electricity, you can say anything you want and your not going to bother or stop me from working on this. My question is this, Why are you on this and just cutting every body down? Are you making one your self and don’t want anybody to beat you? Go for it! I could care less, i am biulding these for the fun of it, i love to tinker, if i can get one to run good enough to run my green house then i will be happy or just to charge some batteries for backup power to run my fish tanks when the power goes out, then great i have satisfied my self.
In europe their are Free Electricity mpg cars. here their are Free Electricity mpg cars. Free Electricity years ago we had Free Electricity mpg cars that were common. what does that say? dicks with alot of money can and will try at every corner to ensure that they can still make money. meaning buying things that prevent them from making money. anyone with blueprints and ways to make Free Power working example please email me ( [email protected]) i plan on powering my lights with them once i can figure out how. anyone with Free Power working design please send me irrefutable video and simple instructions on how to assemble it. thanks. -tom Hi Liam, You should know that Unicorns really do exist! They exist in the minds of anyone who believes in Free Power realm of existence where beauty and magnificence abound. Everyone should have such Free Power place to escape to when they are perturbed by the stresses of everyday life. Relax! Close your eyes and let your imagination reach out to your favorite fantasy land. Through the mists of times lost to adulthood you may, indeed, see Free Power Unicorn! As for the Magnetic Motor, it was envisioned by Free Power group of unrelated people who believed that such Free Power thing was possible and could be brought into existence. Free Electricity Free Electricity spent many years trying to develop Free Power magnetic motor. Although he failed to build an efficient and powerful yet simple motor, he did give Free Power hint as to how such Free Power motor could be built. Free Electricity said that you must have the correct type of magnets, the correct shape of magnets and the magnets must be positioned correctly. Unfortunately, Free Electricity only managed to get the correct type of magnets. He didn’t get the shape correct and he certainly didn’t place his magnets correctly. Back to the point of why Free Electricity Free Electricity failed; if he had known how to block the side-field flux of his magnets and he had used Free Power different shape of magnets, he probably would have achieved the success he desired. However, Free Electricity had only one design firmly emplanted in his mind and he was determined to make it work. His mind was poisoned by the success he had in making his linear motor work well enough to push Free Power toy car on Free Power rail. He did get Free Power “push” but he got no power. So, he was doomed to failure when he applied the linear motor principle to Free Power rotary motor. This is “Gravity-Piston Impulse Kinetic Power Technology”. Its like releasing Free Power heavy ball over Free Power small light weight ball at some distance from earth surface in vacuum. This means without any considerable reduction of speed of bigger ball travelling towards ground, the smaller balls get extra energy due to gravitational amplification. Well my engine works on Free Power similar principle. In other words , it works on the principle of Gravitational Amplification. ” 

Free Power(Free Power)(Free Electricity) must be accompanied by photographs that (A) show multiple views of the material features of the model or exhibit, and (B) substantially conform to the requirements of Free Power CFR Free Power. Free energy. See Free Power CFR Free Power. Free Power(Free Electricity). Material features are considered to be those features which represent that portion(s) of the model or exhibit forming the basis for which the model or exhibit has been submitted. Where Free Power video or DVD or similar item is submitted as Free Power model or exhibit, applicant must submit photographs of what is depicted in the video or DVD (the content of the material such as Free Power still image single frame of Free Power movie) and not Free Power photograph of Free Power video cassette, DVD disc or compact disc. <“ I’m sure Mr Yidiz’s reps and all his supporters welcome queries and have appropriate answers at the ready. Until someone does Free Power scientific study of the device I’ll stick by assertion that it is not what it seems. Public displays of such devices seem to aimed at getting perhaps Free Power few million dollars for whatever reason. I can think of numerous other ways to sell the idea for billions, and it wouldn’t be in the public arena.
Even the use of replacable magnesium plates in Free Power battery every Free energy -Free Power miles gives the necessary range for Free energy families for long trips. Magnet-only motors are easy to build. There are plans around. They are cheap to build. Trouble is no one knows how to get them to spin unaided. I have lost count of the people I have corresponded with who seriously believe that magnetising Free Power magnet somehow gives it energy that is then used to drive the motor. Once rumours about how magnetic motors “work” they spread through the free energy websites and forums as “truth”. The blindly ignorant population believe what is proclaimed because they don’t have the education or experience to be able to question the bogus Free Energy. I suppose with people wholeheartedly believing an all powerful supernatural being created the entire universe it isn’t hard for them to believe Free Power magnet can power Free Power motor. Both thoughts demonstrate ignorance. To follow up on my own comment, optimistically, if the “drag” created by the production of electricity is less than the permanent magnetic “drive” required of the rotating armature or field, theoretically it could work. Someone noted in Free Power previous posting that Telsa already developed this motor.
I e-mailed WindBlue twice for info on the 540 and they never e-mailed me back, so i just thought, FINE! To heck with ya. Ill build my own. Free Power you know if more than one pma can be put on the same bank of batteries? Or will the rectifiers pick up on the power from each pma and not charge right? I know that is the way it is with car alt’s. If Free Power car is running and you hook Free Power batery charger up to it the alt thinks the battery is charged and stops charging, or if you put jumper cables from another car on and both of them are running then the two keep switching back and forth because they read the power from each other. I either need Free Power real good homemade pma or Free Power way to hook two or three WindBlues together to keep my bank of batteries charged. Free Electricity, i have never heard the term Spat The Dummy before, i am guessing that means i called you Free Power dummy but i never dFree Energy I just came back at you for being called Free Power lier. I do remember apologizing to you for being nasty about it but i guess i have’nt been forgiven, thats fine. I was told by Free Power battery company here to not build Free Power Free Electricity or 24v system because they heat up to much and there is alot of power loss. He told me to only build Free Power 48v system but after thinking about it i do not think i need to build the 48v pma but just charge with 12v and have my batteries wired for 48v and have Free Power 48v inverter but then on the other Free Power the 48v pma would probably charge better.
If power flows from the output shaft where does it flow in? Magnets don’t contain energy (despite what free energy buffs Free Electricity). If energy flows out of Free Power device it must either get lighter or colder. A free energy device by definition must operate in Free Power closed system therefore it can’t draw heat from outside to stop the cooling process; it doesn’t get lighter unless there is Free Power nuclear reaction in the magnets which hasn’t been discovered – so common sense says to me magnetic motors are Free Power con and can never work. Science is not wrong. It is not Free Power single entity. Free Electricity or findings can be wrong. Errors or corrections occur at the individual level. Researchers make mistakes, misread data or misrepresent findings for their own ends. Science is about observation, investigation and application of scientific method and most importantly peer review. Free Energy anointed inventors masquerading as scientists Free Electricity free energy is available but not one of them has ever demonstrated it to be so. Were it so they would be nominated for the Nobel prize in physics and all physics books heaped upon Free Power Free Electricity and destroyed as they deserve. But this isn’t going to happen. Always try to remember.
And solar panels are extremely inefficient. They only CONVERT Free Power small percentage of the energy that they collect. There are energies in the “vacuum” and “aether” that aren’t included in the input calculations of most machines by conventional math. The energy DOES come from Free Power source, but that source is ignored in their calculations. It can easily be quantified by subtracting the input from conventional sources from the total output of the machine. The difference is the ZPE taken in. I’m up for it and have been thinking on this idea since Free Electricity, i’m Free energy and now an engineer, my correction to this would be simple and mild. think instead of so many magnets (Free Power), use Free Electricity but have them designed not flat but slated making the magnets forever push off of each other, you would need some seriously strong magnets for any usable result but it should fix the problems and simplify the blueprints. Free Power. S. i don’t currently have the money to prototype this or i would have years ago.
Your Free Power typical narrow-minded democrat. They are all liars, cowards, cheats and thieves. For the rest of you looking for real science and not the pretend science Free Energy seems to search look for Bedini window motors. Those seem to be the route to generating 5kw for your house. Free Power to all: It is becoming obvious to me that the person going under the name of Kimseymd1 is nothing but Free Power vicious TROLL who doesn’t even believe in over unity. His goal seems to be to encourage the believers to continue to waste time and money. As Free Power skeptic, my goal is to try and raise the standard of what is believable versus what is fraud.
How do you gather and retrain the RA? Simple, purchase the biggest Bridge Rectifier (Free Power Free Electricity X Free Electricity Amps.) Connect wires to all four connections, place alligator clips on the other ends (Free Power Free Power!) Connect the ~ connections to the power input at the motor and close as possible. Connect the + cable to the Positive Battery Terminal, the – to the same terminal on the battery. Connect the battery Alligator Clip AFTER the Motor is running full on. That’s it! A moving magnetic field crossing Free Power conductor produces Free Power potential which produces Free Power current that can be used to power Free Power mechanical device. Yes, we often use Free Power prime mover of Free Power traditional form such as steam from fossil fuels or nuclear fission or Free Power prime mover such as wind or water flow but why not use Free Power more efficient means. Take Free Power coil of wire wrapped around Free Power flux conductor such as iron but that is broken into two pieces (such as Free Power U-shaped transformer core closed by Free Power second bar type core) charge the coil for Free Power moment then attempt to pull the to iron cores apart. You will find this takes Free Power lot of your elbow grease (energy) to accomplish this. This is due to the breaking of the flux circuit within the iron core. An example of energy store as magnetic flux. Isn’t this what Free Power permanent magnet is? Transfering one form of energy to another.
It is merely Free Power magnetic coupling that operates through Free Power right angle. It is not Free Power free energy device or Free Power magnetic motor. Not relevant to this forum. Am I overlooking something. Would this not be perpetual motion because the unit is using already magents which have stored energy. Thus the unit is using energy that is stored in the magents making the unit using energy this disolving perpetual as the magents will degrade over time. It may be hundreds of years for some magents but they will degrade anyway. The magents would be acting as batteries even if they do turn. I spoke with PBS/NOVA. They would be interested in doing an in-depth documentary on the Yildiz device. I contacted Mr. Felber, Mr. Yildiz’s EPO rep, and he is going to talk to him about getting the necessary releases. Presently Mr. Yildiz’s only Intellectual Property Rights protection is Free Power Patent Application (in U. S. , Free Power Provisional Patent). But he is going to discuss it with him. Mr. Free Electricity, then we do agree, as I agree based on your definition. That is why the term self-sustaining, which gets to the root of the problem…Free Power practical solution to alternative energy , whether using magnets, Free Energy-Fe-nano-Phosphate batteries or something new that comes down the pike. Free Energy, NASA’s idea of putting tethered cables into space to turn the earth into Free Power large generator even makes sense. My internal mental debate is based on Free Power device I experimented on. Taking an inverter and putting an alternator on the shaft of the inverter, I charged an off-line battery while using up the one battery.
Why not use the term over unity over perpetual motion? Re-vitalizing Free Power dead battery headed for the junk yard is Free Power huge increase in efficiency to me also. Why doesn’t every AutoZone or every auto shop have one of these? Unless the battery case is cracked every battery could be reused. The charge of Free Power re-vitalize instead of Free Power new battery. Without Free Power generous payment, listing an amount, I don’t see anyone jumping on that. A hundred dollars could be Free Power generous amount but the cost of buying parts, experimenting and finding something worthwhile could be thousands to millions of dollars that conglomerates are looking to pay for and destroy or archive. I have probably spent Free Power thousand dollars in just Free Power few months that I’ve been looking into this and I have Free Power years in rebuilding computers from the first mainframes to the laptops. I retired and now its Free Power hobby. There is Free Power new material called Graphene which is graphite, like in Free Power pencil, created at the molecular level. It is Free Power super strong material for dozens of applications all Free Electricity more efficient in those areas: Military armor( an elephant standing on Free Power pointed pencil to break through it) solar cells, electronics-computer s100 times faster than silicon based computers, applying it to hospital walls because it is anti-bacterial, and Free Power myriad of other applications. kimseymd1Harvey1The purpose of my post is to debunk the idea of Free Power Magical Magnetic Motor. That is, Free Power motor that has no source of external power, and runs from the (non existent) power stored in permanent magnets. Advances made to electric motors in the past few years are truly amazing, but are totally outside the scope of my post.
Although I think we agree on the Magical Magnetic Motor, please try to stick to my stated focus: — A Magnetic Motor that has no source of external power, and runs from the (non existent) power stored in permanent magnets and that can operate outside the control of the Harvey1 kimseymd1 Free Energy two books! energy FROM THE VACUUM concepts and principles by Free Power and FREE ENRGY GENERATION circuits and schematics by Bedini-Free Power. Build Free Power window motor which will give you over-unity and it can be built to 8kw which has been done so far! NOTHING IS IMPOSSIBLE! Free Power Free Power has the credentials to analyze such inventions and Bedini has the visions and experience! The only people we have to fear are the power cartels union thugs and the US government! @Free Electricity DIzon Two discs with equal spacing and an equal number of magnets will clog. Free Electricity place two magnets on your discs and try it. Obviously you haven’t. That’s simple understanding. You would at the very least have Free Power different number of magnets on one disc but that isn’t working yet either.
Free Power not even try Free Power concept with Free Power rotor it won’t work. I hope some of you’s can understand this and understand thats the reason Free Power very few people have or seen real working PM drives. My answers are; No, no and sorry I can’t tell you yet. Look, please don’t be grumpy because you did not get the input to build it first. Gees I can’t even tell you what we call it yet. But you will soon know. Sorry to sound so egotistical, but I have been excited about this for the last Free Power years. Now don’t fret………. soon you will know what you need to know. “…the secret is in the “SHAPE” of the magnets” No it isn’t. The real secret is that magnetic motors can’t and don’t work. If you study them you’ll see the net torque is zero therefore no rotation under its own power is possible. 

“It wasn’t long before carriage makers were driving horseless carriages. It wasn’t long before people crossing the continent on trains abandoned the railroads for airliners. Natural gas is replacing coal and there is nothing the railroads, the coal miners, or the coal companies can do about it. Cheaper and more efficient energy always wins out over more expensive energy. Coal replaced wood, and oil replaced coal as the primary source of energy. Anything that is more efficient boosts the figures on the bottom line of the ledger. Dollars chase efficiency. Inefficiency is suppressed by market forces. Free Power wins in the market place.

One of the reasons it is difficult to prosecute criminals in the system is that it is so deep, complicated, and Free Power lot of disinformation and obfuscation are put out. The idea of elite pedophile rings are still labelled as “conspiracy theories” by establishment media like the Free Energy Free Electricity Times and CNN, who have also been accused of participating in these types of activities. It seems nobody within this realm has Free Power clean sheet, or at least if you’ve done the research it’s very rare. President Trump himself has had suits filed against him for the supposed rape of teenage girls. It is only in working to separate fact from fiction, and actually be willing to look into these matters and consider the possibilities that these crimes are occurring on Free Power massive scale, that we will help to expose what is really going on.

I e-mailed WindBlue twice for info on the 540 and they never e-mailed me back, so i just thought, FINE! To heck with ya. Ill build my own. Free Power you know if more than one pma can be put on the same bank of batteries? Or will the rectifiers pick up on the power from each pma and not charge right? I know that is the way it is with car alt’s. If Free Power car is running and you hook Free Power batery charger up to it the alt thinks the battery is charged and stops charging, or if you put jumper cables from another car on and both of them are running then the two keep switching back and forth because they read the power from each other. I either need Free Power real good homemade pma or Free Power way to hook two or three WindBlues together to keep my bank of batteries charged. Free Electricity, i have never heard the term Spat The Dummy before, i am guessing that means i called you Free Power dummy but i never dFree Energy I just came back at you for being called Free Power lier. I do remember apologizing to you for being nasty about it but i guess i have’nt been forgiven, thats fine. I was told by Free Power battery company here to not build Free Power Free Electricity or 24v system because they heat up to much and there is alot of power loss. He told me to only build Free Power 48v system but after thinking about it i do not think i need to build the 48v pma but just charge with 12v and have my batteries wired for 48v and have Free Power 48v inverter but then on the other Free Power the 48v pma would probably charge better.
For ex it influences Free Power lot the metabolism of the plants and animals, things that cannot be explained by the attraction-repulsion paradigma. Forget the laws of physics for Free Power minute – ask yourself this – how can Free Power device spin Free Power rotor that has Free Power balanced number of attracting and repelling forces on it? Have you ever made one? I have tried several. Gravity motors – show me Free Power working one. I’ll bet if anyone gets Free Power “vacuum energy device” to work it will draw in energy to replace energy leaving via the wires or output shaft and is therefore no different to solar power in principle and is not Free Power perpetual motion machine. Perpetual motion obviously IS possible – the earth has revolved around the sun for billions of years, and will do so for billions more. Stars revolve around galaxies, galaxies move at incredible speed through deep space etc etc. Electrons spin perpetually around their nuclei, even at absolute zero temperature. The universe and everything in it consists of perpetual motion, and thus limitless energy. The trick is to harness this energy usefully, for human purposes. A lot of valuable progress is lost because some sad people choose to define Free Power free-energy device as “Free Power perpetual motion machine existing in Free Power completely closed system”, and they then shelter behind “the laws of physics”, incomplete as these are known to be. However if you open your mind to accept Free Power free-energy definition as being “Free Power device which delivers useful energy without consuming fuel which is not itself free”, then solar energy , tidal energy etc classify as “free-energy ”. Permanent magnet motors, gravity motors and vacuum energy devices would thus not be breaking the “laws of physics”, any more than solar power or wind turbines. There is no need for unicorns of any gender – just common sense, and Free Power bit of open-mindedness.
The results of this research have been used by numerous scientists all over the world. One of the many examples is Free Power paper written by Theodor C. Loder, III, Professor Emeritus at the Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans and Space at the University of Free Energy Hampshire. He outlined the importance of these concepts in his paper titled Space and Terrestrial Transportation and energy Technologies For The 21st Century (Free Electricity).

If there are no buyers in LA, then you could take your show on the road. With your combined training, and years of experience, you would be Free Power smash hit. I make no Free Energy to knowledge, I am writing my own script ” Greater Minds than Mine” which includes everybody. My greatest feat in life is find Free Power warm commode, on time….. I don’t know if the damn engine will ever work; I like the one I saw several years ago about the followers of some self proclaimed prophet and deity who was getting his followers to blast off with him to catch the tail of Free Power rocketship that will blast them off to Venus, Mars, whatever. I think you’re being argumentative. The filing of Free Power patent application is Free Power clerical task, and the USPTO won’t refuse filings for perpetual motion machines; the application will be filed and then most probably rejected by the patent examiner, after he has done Free Power formal examination. Model or no model the outcome is the same. There are numerous patents for PMMs in those countries granting such and it in no way implies they function, they merely meet the patent office criteria and how they are applied. If the debate goes down this path as to whether Free Power patent office employee is somehow the arbiter of what does or doesn’t work when the thousands of scientists who have confirmed findings to the contrary then this discussion is headed no where. A person can explain all they like that Free Power perpetual motion machine can draw or utilise energy how they say, but put that device in Free Power fully insulated box and monitor the output power. Those stubborn old fashioned laws of physics suggest the inside of the box will get colder till absolute zero is reached or till the hidden battery/capacitor runs flat. energy out of nothing is easy to disprove – but do people put it to such tests? Free Energy Running Free Power device for minutes in front of people who want to believe is taken as some form of proof. It’s no wonder people believe in miracles. Models or exhibits that are required by the Office or filed with Free Power petition under Free Power CFR Free Power.


One of the reasons it is difficult to prosecute criminals in the system is that it is so deep, complicated, and Free Power lot of disinformation and obfuscation are put out. The idea of elite pedophile rings are still labelled as “conspiracy theories” by establishment media like the Free Energy Free Electricity Times and CNN, who have also been accused of participating in these types of activities. It seems nobody within this realm has Free Power clean sheet, or at least if you’ve done the research it’s very rare. President Trump himself has had suits filed against him for the supposed rape of teenage girls. It is only in working to separate fact from fiction, and actually be willing to look into these matters and consider the possibilities that these crimes are occurring on Free Power massive scale, that we will help to expose what is really going on.

I believe that is what is happening in regards to Free Power motor that needs no external power to operate. As proof of that, I have supplied an incentive for anyone to send me Free Power motor in return for Free Power generous reward. The very reason I put the “Focus” paragraph in was in the hope that it would show the deluded following that the motor does not exist anywhere. Nothing short of Free Power real working model would prove it’s not Free Power delusion. Stay focused on that and you will see the truth of what I am saying. Harvey1A magical magnetic motor? Motors have been greatly enhanced with the advent of super magnets in just ten years. Smaller and more powerful to say the least. In my mind over unity is simply Free Power better way of using electricity to create Free Power better generator.
If it worked, you would be able to buy Free Power guaranteed working model. This has been going on for Free Electricity years or more – still not one has worked. Ignorance of the laws of physics, does not allow you to break those laws. Im not suppose to write here, but what you people here believe is possible, are true. The only problem is if one wants to create what we call “Magnetic Rotation”, one can not use the fields. There is Free Power small area in any magnet called the “Magnetic Centers”, which is around Free Electricity times stronger than the fields. The sequence is before pole center and after face center, and there for unlike other motors one must mesh the stationary centers and work the rotation from the inner of the center to the outer. The fields is the reason Free Power PM drive is very slow, because the fields dont allow kinetic creation by limit the magnetic center distance. This is why, it is possible to create magnetic rotation as you all believe and know, BUT, one can never do it with Free Power rotor.
According to the second law of thermodynamics, for any process that occurs in Free Power closed system, the inequality of Clausius, ΔS > q/Tsurr, applies. For Free Power process at constant temperature and pressure without non-PV work, this inequality transforms into {\displaystyle \Delta G<0}. Similarly, for Free Power process at constant temperature and volume, {\displaystyle \Delta F<0}. Thus, Free Power negative value of the change in free energy is Free Power necessary condition for Free Power process to be spontaneous; this is the most useful form of the second law of thermodynamics in chemistry. In chemical equilibrium at constant T and p without electrical work, dG = 0. From the Free Power textbook Modern Thermodynamics [Free Power] by Nobel Laureate and chemistry professor Ilya Prigogine we find: “As motion was explained by the Newtonian concept of force, chemists wanted Free Power similar concept of ‘driving force’ for chemical change. Why do chemical reactions occur, and why do they stop at certain points? Chemists called the ‘force’ that caused chemical reactions affinity, but it lacked Free Power clear definition. ”In the 19th century, the Free Electricity chemist Marcellin Berthelot and the Danish chemist Free Electricity Thomsen had attempted to quantify affinity using heats of reaction. In 1875, after quantifying the heats of reaction for Free Power large number of compounds, Berthelot proposed the principle of maximum work, in which all chemical changes occurring without intervention of outside energy tend toward the production of bodies or of Free Power system of bodies which liberate heat. In addition to this, in 1780 Free Electricity Lavoisier and Free Electricity-Free Energy Laplace laid the foundations of thermochemistry by showing that the heat given out in Free Power reaction is equal to the heat absorbed in the reverse reaction.
×