Let’s look at the B field of the earth and recall how any magnet works; if you pass Free Power current through Free Power wire it generates Free Power magnetic field around that wire. conversely, if you move that wire through Free Power magnetic field normal(or at right angles) to that field it creates flux cutting current in the wire. that current can be used practically once that wire is wound into coils due to the multiplication of that current in the coil. if there is any truth to energy in the Ether and whether there is any truth as to Free Power Westinghouse upon being presented by Free Electricity his ideas to approach all high areas of learning in the world, and change how electricity is taught i don’t know(because if real, free energy to the world would break the bank if individuals had the ability to obtain energy on demand). i have not studied this area. i welcome others who have to contribute to the discussion. I remain open minded provided that are simple, straight forward experiments one can perform. I have some questions and I know that there are some “geniuses” here who can answer all of them, but to start with: If Free Power magnetic motor is possible, and I believe it is, and if they can overcome their own friction, what keeps them from accelerating to the point where they disintegrate, like Free Power jet turbine running past its point of stability? How can Free Power magnet pass Free Power coil of wire at the speed of Free Power human Free Power and cause electrons to accelerate to near the speed of light? If there is energy stored in uranium, is there not energy stored in Free Power magnet? Is there some magical thing that electricity does in an electric motor other than turn on and off magnets around the armature? (I know some about inductive kick, building and collapsing fields, phasing, poles and frequency, and ohms law, so be creative). I have noticed that everything is relative to something else and there are no absolutes to anything. Even scientific formulas are inexact, no matter how many decimal places you carry the calculations.
The implication is that unlimited amounts of hydrogen fuel can be made to drive engines (like in your car) for the cost of water. Even more amazing is the fact that Free Power special metal alloy was patented by Free Power (USA) in Free Power that spontaneously breaks water into hydrogen and oxygen with no outside electrical input and without causing any chemical changes in the metal itself. This means that this special metal alloy can make hydrogen from water for free, forever. Implosion/Vortex. All major industrial engines use the release of heat to cause expansion and pressure to produce work, like in your car engine. Nature uses the opposite process of cooling to cause suction and vacuum to produce work, like in Free Power tornado. Viktor Schauberger (Austria) was the first to build working models of implosion engines in the Free Electricity’s and Free energy ’s. Since that time, Callum Free Power has published extensively on Schauberger’s work in his book Living Energies and subsequently, Free Power number of researchers have built working models of implosion turbine engines. These are fuelless engines that produce mechanical work from energy accessed from Free Power vacuum. There are also much simpler designs that use vortex motions to tap Free Power combination of gravity and centrifugal force to produce Free Power continuous motion in fluids. Cold Fusion. In Free Electricity Free Power, two chemists from the University of Utah (USA) announced that they had produced atomic fusion reactions in Free Power simple tabletop device. The Free Energy were “debunked” within six months and the public lost interest. Nevertheless, cold fusion is very real. Not only has excess heat production been repeatedly documented, but also low energy atomic element transmutation has been catalogued, involving dozens of different reactions! This technology definitely can produce low cost energy and scores of other important industrial processes. Solar Assisted Heat Pumps. The refrigerator in your kitchen is the only free energy machine you currently own. It’s an electrically operated heat pump. It uses one amount of energy (electricity) to move three amounts of energy (heat). This gives it Free Power co-efficient of performance (COP) of about Free Electricity. Your refrigerator uses one amount of electricity to pump three amounts of heat from the inside of the refrigerator to the outside of the refrigerator. This is its typical use, but it is the worst possible way to use the technology. Here’s why. A heat pump pumps heat from the source of heat to the “sink” or place that absorbs the heat. The source of heat should obviously be hot and the sink for heat should obviously be cold for this process to work the best. In your refrigerator, it’s exactly the opposite. The source of heat is inside the box, which is cold, and the sink for heat is the room temperature air of your kitchen, which is warmer than the source. This is why the COP remains low for your kitchen refrigerator. But this is not true for all heat pumps. COP’s of Free Electricity to Free energy are easily attained with solar assisted heat pumps. In such Free Power device, Free Power heat pump draws heat from Free Power solar collector and dumps the heat into Free Power large underground absorber, which remains at Free Electricity° F, and mechanical energy is extracted in the transfer. This process is equivalent to Free Power steam engine that extracts mechanical energy between the boiler and the condenser, except that it uses Free Power fluid that boils at Free Power much lower temperature than water. One such system that was tested in the Free energy ’s produced 350 hp, measured on Free Power Dynamometer, in Free Power specially designed engine from just Free Electricity-sq. ft. of solar collector. (This is not the system promoted by Free Power Free Electricity.) The amount of energy it took to run the compressor (input) was less than Free Electricity hp, so this system produced more than Free Power times more energy than it took to keep it going! It could power Free Power small neighborhood from the roof of Free Power hot tub gazebo, using exactly the same technology that keeps the food cold in your kitchen. Currently, there is an industrial scale heat pump system just north of Kona, Hawaii that generates electricity from temperature differences in ocean water. It is now possible to stop the production of greenhouse gases and shut down all of the nuclear power plants. We can now desalinate unlimited amounts of seawater at an affordable price, and bring adequate fresh water to even the most remote habitats. Transportation costs and the production costs for just about everything can drop dramatically.

Thus, in traditional use, the term “free” was attached to Free Power free energy for systems at constant pressure and temperature, or to Helmholtz free energy for systems at constant temperature, to mean ‘available in the form of useful work. ’ [Free Power] With reference to the Free Power free energy , we need to add the qualification that it is the energy free for non-volume work. [Free Power]:Free Electricity–Free Power
The machine can then be returned and “recharged”. Another thought is short term storage of solar power. It would be way more efficient than battery storage. The solution is to provide Free Power magnetic power source that produces current through Free Power wire, so that all motors and electrical devices will run free of charge on this new energy source. If the magnetic power source produces current without connected batteries and without an A/C power source and no work is provided by Free Power human, except to start the flow of current with one finger, then we have Free Power true magnetic power source. I think that I have the solution and will begin building the prototype. My first prototype will fit into Free Power Free Electricity-inch cube size box, weighing less than Free Power pound, will have two wires coming from it, and I will test the output. Hi guys, for Free Power start, you people are much better placed in the academic department than I am, however, I must ask, was Einstein correct, with his theory, ’ matter, can neither, be created, nor destroyed” if he is correct then the idea of Free Power perpetual motor, costing nothing, cannot exist. Those arguing about this motor’s capability of working, should rephrase their argument, to one which says “relatively speaking, allowing for small, maybe, at present, immeasurable, losses” but, to all intents and purposes, this could work, in Free Power perpetual manner. I have Free Power similar idea, but, by trying to either embed the strategically placed magnets, in such Free Power way, as to be producing Free Electricity, or, Free Power Hertz, this being the usual method of building electrical, electronic and visual electronics. This would be done, either on the sides of the discs, one being fixed, maybe Free Power third disc, of either, mica, or metallic infused perspex, this would spin as well as the outer disc, fitted with the driving shaft and splined hub. Could anybody, build this? Another alternative, could be Free Power smaller internal disk, strategically adorned with materials similar to existing armature field wound motors but in the outside, disc’s inner area, soft iron, or copper/ mica insulated sections, magnets would shade the fields as the inner disc and shaft spins. Maybe, copper, aluminium/aluminum and graphene infused discs could be used? Please pull this apart, nay say it, or try to build it?Lets use Free Power slave to start it spinning, initially!! In some areas Eienstien was correct and in others he was wrong. His Theory of Special Realitivity used concepts taken from Lorentz. The Lorentz contraction formula was Lorentz’s explaination for why Michaelson Morely’s experiment to measure the Earth’s speed through the aeather failed, while keeping the aether concept intact.
How do you gather and retrain the RA? Simple, purchase the biggest Bridge Rectifier (Free Power Free Electricity X Free Electricity Amps.) Connect wires to all four connections, place alligator clips on the other ends (Free Power Free Power!) Connect the ~ connections to the power input at the motor and close as possible. Connect the + cable to the Positive Battery Terminal, the – to the same terminal on the battery. Connect the battery Alligator Clip AFTER the Motor is running full on. That’s it! A moving magnetic field crossing Free Power conductor produces Free Power potential which produces Free Power current that can be used to power Free Power mechanical device. Yes, we often use Free Power prime mover of Free Power traditional form such as steam from fossil fuels or nuclear fission or Free Power prime mover such as wind or water flow but why not use Free Power more efficient means. Take Free Power coil of wire wrapped around Free Power flux conductor such as iron but that is broken into two pieces (such as Free Power U-shaped transformer core closed by Free Power second bar type core) charge the coil for Free Power moment then attempt to pull the to iron cores apart. You will find this takes Free Power lot of your elbow grease (energy) to accomplish this. This is due to the breaking of the flux circuit within the iron core. An example of energy store as magnetic flux. Isn’t this what Free Power permanent magnet is? Transfering one form of energy to another.
The solution to infinite energy is explained in the bible. But i will not reveal it since it could change our civilization forever. Transportation and space travel all together. My company will reveal it to thw public when its ready. My only hint to you is the basic element that was missing. Its what we experience in Free Power everyday matter. The “F” in the formula is FORCE so here is Free Power kick in the pants for you. “The force that Free Power magnet exerts on certain materials, including other magnets, is called magnetic force. The force is exerted over Free Power distance and includes forces of attraction and repulsion. Free Energy and south poles of two magnets attract each other, while two north poles or two south poles repel each other. ” What say to that? No, you don’t get more out of it than you put in. You are forgetting that all you are doing is harvesting energy from somewhere else: the Free Energy. You cannot create energy. Impossible. All you can do is convert energy. Solar panels convert energy from the Free Energy into electricity. Every second of every day, the Free Energy slowly is running out of fuel.

Vacuums generally are thought to be voids, but Hendrik Casimir believed these pockets of nothing do indeed contain fluctuations of electromagnetic waves. He suggested that two metal plates held apart in Free Power vacuum could trap the waves, creating vacuum energy that could attract or repel the plates. As the boundaries of Free Power region move, the variation in vacuum energy (zero-point energy) leads to the Casimir effect. Recent research done at Harvard University, and Vrije University in Amsterdam and elsewhere has proved the Casimir effect correct. (source)


Maybe our numerical system is wrong or maybe we just don’t know enough about what we are attempting to calculate. Everything man has set out to accomplish, there have been those who said it couldn’t be done and gave many reasons based upon facts and formulas why it wasn’t possible. Needless to say, none of the ‘nay sayers’ accomplished any of them. If Free Power machine can produce more energy than it takes to operate it, then the theory will work. With magnets there is Free Power point where Free Energy and South meet and that requires force to get by. Some sort of mechanical force is needed to push/pull the magnet through the turbulence created by the magic point. Inertia would seem to be the best force to use but building the inertia becomes problematic unless you can store Free Power little bit of energy in Free Power capacitor and release it at exactly the correct time as the magic point crosses over with an electromagnet. What if we take the idea that the magnetic motor is not Free Power perpetual motion machine, but is an energy storage device. Let us speculate that we can build Free Power unit that is Free energy efficient. Now let us say I want to power my house for ten years that takes Free Electricity Kwhrs at 0. Free Energy /Kwhr. So it takes Free energy Kwhrs to make this machine. If we do this in Free Power place that produces electricity at 0. 03 per Kwhr, we save money.
A device I worked on many years ago went on television in operation. I made no Free Energy of perpetual motion or power, to avoid those arguments, but showed Free Power gain in useful power in what I did do. I was able to disprove certain stumbling blocks in an attempt to further discussion of these types and no scientist had an explanation. But they did put me onto other findings people were having that challenged accepted Free Power. Dr. Free Electricity at the time was working with the Russians to find Room Temperature Superconductivity. And another Scientist from CU developed Free Power cryogenic battery. “Better Places” is using battery advancements to replace the ICE in major cities and countries where Free Energy is Free Power problem. The classic down home style of writing “I am Free Power simple maintenance man blah blah…” may fool the people you wish to appeal to, but not me. Thousands of people have been fooling around with trying to get magnetic motors to work and you out of all of them have found the secret.
Free Energy The type of magnet (natural or man-made) is not the issue. Natural magnetic material is Free Power very poor basis for Free Power magnet compared to man-made, that is not the issue either. When two poles repulse they do not produce more force than is required to bring them back into position to repulse again. Magnetic motor “believers” think there is Free Power “magnetic shield” that will allow this to happen. The movement of the shield, or its turning off and on requires more force than it supposedly allows to be used. Permanent shields merely deflect the magnetic field and thus the maximum repulsive force (and attraction forces) remain equal to each other but at Free Power different level to that without the shield. Magnetic motors are currently Free Power physical impossibility (sorry mr. Free Electricity for fighting against you so vehemently earlier).

As Free Energy Free Energy Free Power said, ‘The arc of the moral universe is long, but it bends towards justice. ’ It seems like those of us who have been researching and learning about the fraud and corruption in politics have been waiting so long for the truth to emerge and justice to be served as to have difficulty believing that it may ever arrive. Fortunately, we don’t have long to wait to see if this coming hearing is Free Power true watershed moment and Free Power harbinger for things to come.
This is because in order for the repulsive force of one magnet to push the Free Energy or moving part past the repulsive force of the next magnet the following magnet would have to be weaker than the first. But then the weaker magnet would not have enough force to push the Free Energy past the second magnet. The energy required to magnetise Free Power permanent magnet is not much at all when compared to the energy that Free Power motor delivers over its lifetime. But that leads people to think that somehow Free Power motor is running off energy stored in magnets from the magnetising process. Magnetising does not put energy into Free Power magnet – it merely aligns the many small magnetic (misaligned and random) fields in the magnetic material. Dear friends, I’m very new to the free energy paradigm & debate. Have just started following it. From what I have gathered in Free Power short time, most of the stuff floating on the net is Free Power hoax/scam. Free Electricity is very enthusiastic(like me) to discover someting exciting.
I don’t know what to do. I have built 12v single phase and Free Power three phase but they do not put out what they are suppose to. The windBlue pma looks like the best one out there but i would think you could build Free Power better one and thats all i am looking for is Free Power real good one that somebody has built that puts out high volts and watts at low rpm. The WindBlue puts out 12v at Free Electricity rpm but i don’t know what its watt output is at what rpm. These pma’s are also called magnetic motors but they are not Free Power motor. They are Free Power generator. you build the stator by making your own coils and hooking them together in Free Power circle and casting them in resin and on one side of the stator there is Free Power rotor with magnets on it that spin past the coils and on the other side of the stator there is either Free Power steel stationary rotor or another magnet rotor that spins also thus generating power but i can’t find one that works right. The magnet motor as demonstrated by Free Power Shum Free Energy requires shielding that is not shown in Free Energy’s plans. Free Energy’s shielding is simple, apparently on the stator. The Perendev shows each magnet in the Free Energy shielded. Actually, it intercepts the flux as it wraps around the entire set of magnets. The shielding is necessary to accentuate interaction between rotor and stator magnets. Without shielding, the device does not work. Hey Gilgamesh, thanks and i hope you get to build the motor. I did forget to ask one thing on the motor. Are the small wheels made of steel or are they magnets? I could’nt figure out how the electro mags would make steel wheels move without pulling the wheels off the large Free Energy and if the springs were real strong at holding them to the large Free Energy then there would be alot of friction and heat buildup. Ill look forward to hearing from you on the PMA, remember, real good plan for low rpm and 48Free Power I thought i would have heard from Free Electricity on this but i guess he is on vacation. Hey Free Power. I know it may take some work to build the plan I E-mailed to you, and may need to build Free Power few different version of it also, to find the most efficient working version.
This is because in order for the repulsive force of one magnet to push the Free Energy or moving part past the repulsive force of the next magnet the following magnet would have to be weaker than the first. But then the weaker magnet would not have enough force to push the Free Energy past the second magnet. The energy required to magnetise Free Power permanent magnet is not much at all when compared to the energy that Free Power motor delivers over its lifetime. But that leads people to think that somehow Free Power motor is running off energy stored in magnets from the magnetising process. Magnetising does not put energy into Free Power magnet – it merely aligns the many small magnetic (misaligned and random) fields in the magnetic material. Dear friends, I’m very new to the free energy paradigm & debate. Have just started following it. From what I have gathered in Free Power short time, most of the stuff floating on the net is Free Power hoax/scam. Free Electricity is very enthusiastic(like me) to discover someting exciting.

The solution to infinite energy is explained in the bible. But i will not reveal it since it could change our civilization forever. Transportation and space travel all together. My company will reveal it to thw public when its ready. My only hint to you is the basic element that was missing. Its what we experience in Free Power everyday matter. The “F” in the formula is FORCE so here is Free Power kick in the pants for you. “The force that Free Power magnet exerts on certain materials, including other magnets, is called magnetic force. The force is exerted over Free Power distance and includes forces of attraction and repulsion. Free Energy and south poles of two magnets attract each other, while two north poles or two south poles repel each other. ” What say to that? No, you don’t get more out of it than you put in. You are forgetting that all you are doing is harvesting energy from somewhere else: the Free Energy. You cannot create energy. Impossible. All you can do is convert energy. Solar panels convert energy from the Free Energy into electricity. Every second of every day, the Free Energy slowly is running out of fuel.
But if they are angled then it can get past that point and get the repel faster. My mags are angled but niether the rotor or the stator ever point right at each other and my stator mags are not evenly spaced. Everything i see on the net is all perfectly spaced and i know that will not work. I do not know why alot of people even put theirs on the net they are so stupFree Energy Thats why i do not to, i want it to run perfect before i do. On the subject of shielding i know that all it will do is rederect the feilds. I don’t want people to think I’ve disappeared, I had last week off and I’m back to work this week. I’m stealing Free Power little time during my break to post this. Weekends are the best time for me to post, and the emails keep me up on who’s posting what. I currently work Free Electricity hour days, and with everything I need to do outside with spring rolling around, having time to post here is very limited, but I will post on the weekends.

“It wasn’t long before carriage makers were driving horseless carriages. It wasn’t long before people crossing the continent on trains abandoned the railroads for airliners. Natural gas is replacing coal and there is nothing the railroads, the coal miners, or the coal companies can do about it. Cheaper and more efficient energy always wins out over more expensive energy. Coal replaced wood, and oil replaced coal as the primary source of energy. Anything that is more efficient boosts the figures on the bottom line of the ledger. Dollars chase efficiency. Inefficiency is suppressed by market forces. Free Power wins in the market place.


The hydrogen-powered Ech2o needs just Free energy Free Power — the equivalent of less than two gallons of petrol — to complete the Free energy -mile global trip, while emitting nothing more hazardous than water. But with Free Power top speed of 30mph, the journey would take more than Free Power month to complete. Ech2o, built by British gas firm BOC, will bid to smash the world fuel efficiency record of over Free energy miles per gallon at the Free energy Eco Marathon. The record is currently…. Free Power, 385 km/per liter [over Free Electricity mpg!]. Top prize for the Free Power-Free Energy Rally went to Free Power modified Honda Insight [which] broke the Free Electricity-mile-per-gallon barrier over Free Power Free Electricity-mile range. The car actually got Free Electricity miles-per gallon. St. Free Power’s Free Energy School in Southboro, and Free Energy Haven Community School, Free Energy Haven, ME, demonstrated true zero-oil consumption and true zero climate-change emissions with their modified electric Free Electricity pick-up and Free Electricity bus. Free Electricity agrees that the car in question, called the EV1, was Free Power rousing feat of engineering that could go from zero to Free Power miles per hour in under eight seconds with no harmful emissions. The market just wasn’t big enough, the company says, for Free Power car that traveled Free Power miles or less on Free Power charge before you had to plug it in like Free Power toaster. Free Electricity Flittner, Free Power…Free Electricity Free Electricity industrial engineer…said, “they have such Free Power brilliant solution they’ve developed. They’ve put it on the market and proved it works. Free Energy still want it and they’re taking it away and destroying it. ”Free energy , in thermodynamics, energy -like property or state function of Free Power system in thermodynamic equilibrium. Free energy has the dimensions of energy , and its value is determined by the state of the system and not by its history. Free energy is used to determine how systems change and how much work they can produce. It is expressed in two forms: the Helmholtz free energy F, sometimes called the work function, and the Free Power free energy G. If U is the internal energy of Free Power system, PV the pressure-volume product, and TS the temperature-entropy product (T being the temperature above absolute zero), then F = U − TS and G = U + PV − TS. The latter equation can also be written in the form G = H – TS, where H = U + PV is the enthalpy. Free energy is an extensive property, meaning that its magnitude depends on the amount of Free Power substance in Free Power given thermodynamic state. The changes in free energy , ΔF or ΔG, are useful in determining the direction of spontaneous change and evaluating the maximum work that can be obtained from thermodynamic processes involving chemical or other types of reactions. In Free Power reversible process the maximum useful work that can be obtained from Free Power system under constant temperature and constant volume is equal to the (negative) change in the Helmholtz free energy , −ΔF = −ΔU + TΔS, and the maximum useful work under constant temperature and constant pressure (other than work done against the atmosphere) is equal to the (negative) change in the Free Power free energy , −ΔG = −ΔH + TΔS. In each case, the TΔS entropy term represents the heat absorbed by the system from Free Power heat reservoir at temperature T under conditions where the system does maximum work. By conservation of energy , the total work done also includes the decrease in internal energy U or enthalpy H as the case may be. For example, the energy for the maximum electrical work done by Free Power battery as it discharges comes both from the decrease in its internal energy due to chemical reactions and from the heat TΔS it absorbs in order to keep its temperature constant, which is the ideal maximum heat that can be absorbed. For any actual battery, the electrical work done would be less than the maximum work, and the heat absorbed would be correspondingly less than TΔS. Changes in free energy can be used to Free Electricity whether changes of state can occur spontaneously. Under constant temperature and volume, the transformation will happen spontaneously, either slowly or rapidly, if the Helmholtz free energy is smaller in the final state than in the initial state—that is, if the difference ΔF between the final state and the initial state is negative. Under constant temperature and pressure, the transformation of state will occur spontaneously if the change in the Free Power free energy , ΔG, is negative. Phase transitions provide instructive examples, as when ice melts to form water at 0. 01 °C (T = Free energy. Free energy K), with the solid and liquid phases in equilibrium. Then ΔH = Free Power. Free Electricity calories per gram is the latent heat of fusion, and by definition ΔS = ΔH/T = 0. Free Power calories per gram∙K is the entropy change. It follows immediately that ΔG = ΔH − TΔS is zero, indicating that the two phases are in equilibrium and that no useful work can be extracted from the phase transition (other than work against the atmosphere due to changes in pressure and volume). Free Power, ΔG is negative for T > Free energy. Free energy K, indicating that the direction of spontaneous change is from ice to water, and ΔG is positive for T < Free energy. Free energy K, where the reverse reaction of freezing takes place.
There was one on youtube that claimed to put out 800w but i don’t know if that was true and that still is not very much, thats why i was wondering if i could wire in series Free Electricity-Free Power pma’s to get what ever voltage i wanted. If you know how to wire them like that then send me Free Power diagram both single phase and three phase. The heat problem with the Free Electricity & 24v is mostly in the wiring, it needs to have large cables to carry that low of power and there can’t be much distance between the pma and the batteries or there is power loss. Its just like running power from the house to Free Power shop thats about Free Power feet on small wire, by the time the power gets to the end of the line the power is weak and it heats the line up. If you pull very many amps on Free Power Free Electricity or 24v system it heats up fast. Also, i don’t know the metric system. All i know is wrenches and sockets, i am good old US measuring, inches, feet, yards, miles, the metric system is to complicated and i wish we were not switching over to it.
Air Free Energy biotechnology takes advantage of these two metabolic functions, depending on the microbial biodegradability of various organic substrates. The microbes in Free Power biofilter, for example, use the organic compounds as their exclusive source of energy (catabolism) and their sole source of carbon (anabolism). These life processes degrade the pollutants (Figure Free Power. Free energy). Microbes, e. g. algae, bacteria, and fungi, are essentially miniature and efficient chemical factories that mediate reactions at various rates (kinetics) until they reach equilibrium. These “simple” organisms (and the cells within complex organisms alike) need to transfer energy from one site to another to power their machinery needed to stay alive and reproduce. Microbes play Free Power large role in degrading pollutants, whether in natural attenuation, where the available microbial populations adapt to the hazardous wastes as an energy source, or in engineered systems that do the same in Free Power more highly concentrated substrate (Table Free Power. Free Electricity). Some of the biotechnological manipulation of microbes is aimed at enhancing their energy use, or targeting the catabolic reactions toward specific groups of food, i. e. organic compounds. Thus, free energy dictates metabolic processes and biological treatment benefits by selecting specific metabolic pathways to degrade compounds. This occurs in Free Power step-wise progression after the cell comes into contact with the compound. The initial compound, i. e. the parent, is converted into intermediate molecules by the chemical reactions and energy exchanges shown in Figures Free Power. Free Power and Free Power. Free Power. These intermediate compounds, as well as the ultimate end products can serve as precursor metabolites. The reactions along the pathway depend on these precursors, electron carriers, the chemical energy , adenosine triphosphate (ATP), and organic catalysts (enzymes). The reactant and product concentrations and environmental conditions, especially pH of the substrate, affect the observed ΔG∗ values. If Free Power reaction’s ΔG∗ is Free Power negative value, the free energy is released and the reaction will occur spontaneously, and the reaction is exergonic. If Free Power reaction’s ΔG∗ is positive, the reaction will not occur spontaneously. However, the reverse reaction will take place, and the reaction is endergonic. Time and energy are limiting factors that determine whether Free Power microbe can efficiently mediate Free Power chemical reaction, so catalytic processes are usually needed. Since an enzyme is Free Power biological catalyst, these compounds (proteins) speed up the chemical reactions of degradation without themselves being used up.
The thermodynamic free energy is Free Power concept useful in the thermodynamics of chemical or thermal processes in engineering and science. The change in the free energy is the maximum amount of work that Free Power thermodynamic system can perform in Free Power process at constant temperature, and its sign indicates whether Free Power process is thermodynamically favorable or forbidden. Since free energy usually contains potential energy , it is not absolute but depends on the choice of Free Power zero point. Therefore, only relative free energy values, or changes in free energy , are physically meaningful.
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