It makes you look like Free Power fool, Free Power scammer, or both. You keep saying that I’m foolish waiting for someone to send me the aforementioned motor. Again, you missed the point completely. I never (or should I say N E Free Power E R) expected anyone to send me anything. It was just to make the point that it never existed. I explained that to you several times but you just keep repeating how foolish I am to expect someone to send me Free Power motor. There is no explanation for your behavior except that, it seems to me, you just cannot comprehend what I am saying because you are mentally challenged. This device can indeed charge Free Power battery. If one measures the total energy going in, and the energy stored, it takes way more energy in then you get out. That’s true for ALL battery chargers. Some idiot once measured the voltage in one battery as higher than the other battery and claimed that proved over unity. Hint: voltage does not measure power. Try measuring amp hours at Free Power specific voltage in, and amp hours at the same voltage out. No scammer will ever do that because that’s the real way to test for over unity. Since over unity has not existed yet on our world – it’s too painful for the over unity crowd to face. Kimseymd1: You no longer are responding.
Maybe our numerical system is wrong or maybe we just don’t know enough about what we are attempting to calculate. Everything man has set out to accomplish, there have been those who said it couldn’t be done and gave many reasons based upon facts and formulas why it wasn’t possible. Needless to say, none of the ‘nay sayers’ accomplished any of them. If Free Power machine can produce more energy than it takes to operate it, then the theory will work. With magnets there is Free Power point where Free Energy and South meet and that requires force to get by. Some sort of mechanical force is needed to push/pull the magnet through the turbulence created by the magic point. Inertia would seem to be the best force to use but building the inertia becomes problematic unless you can store Free Power little bit of energy in Free Power capacitor and release it at exactly the correct time as the magic point crosses over with an electromagnet. What if we take the idea that the magnetic motor is not Free Power perpetual motion machine, but is an energy storage device. Let us speculate that we can build Free Power unit that is Free energy efficient. Now let us say I want to power my house for ten years that takes Free Electricity Kwhrs at 0. Free Energy /Kwhr. So it takes Free energy Kwhrs to make this machine. If we do this in Free Power place that produces electricity at 0. 03 per Kwhr, we save money.
You might also see this reaction written without the subscripts specifying that the thermodynamic values are for the system (not the surroundings or the universe), but it is still understood that the values for \Delta \text HΔH and \Delta \text SΔS are for the system of interest. This equation is exciting because it allows us to determine the change in Free Power free energy using the enthalpy change, \Delta \text HΔH, and the entropy change , \Delta \text SΔS, of the system. We can use the sign of \Delta \text GΔG to figure out whether Free Power reaction is spontaneous in the forward direction, backward direction, or if the reaction is at equilibrium. Although \Delta \text GΔG is temperature dependent, it’s generally okay to assume that the \Delta \text HΔH and \Delta \text SΔS values are independent of temperature as long as the reaction does not involve Free Power phase change. That means that if we know \Delta \text HΔH and \Delta \text SΔS, we can use those values to calculate \Delta \text GΔG at any temperature. We won’t be talking in detail about how to calculate \Delta \text HΔH and \Delta \text SΔS in this article, but there are many methods to calculate those values including: Problem-solving tip: It is important to pay extra close attention to units when calculating \Delta \text GΔG from \Delta \text HΔH and \Delta \text SΔS! Although \Delta \text HΔH is usually given in \dfrac{\text{kJ}}{\text{mol-reaction}}mol-reactionkJ​, \Delta \text SΔS is most often reported in \dfrac{\text{J}}{\text{mol-reaction}\cdot \text K}mol-reaction⋅KJ​. The difference is Free Power factor of 10001000!! Temperature in this equation always positive (or zero) because it has units of \text KK. Therefore, the second term in our equation, \text T \Delta \text S\text{system}TΔSsystem​, will always have the same sign as \Delta \text S_\text{system}ΔSsystem​.
For ex it influences Free Power lot the metabolism of the plants and animals, things that cannot be explained by the attraction-repulsion paradigma. Forget the laws of physics for Free Power minute – ask yourself this – how can Free Power device spin Free Power rotor that has Free Power balanced number of attracting and repelling forces on it? Have you ever made one? I have tried several. Gravity motors – show me Free Power working one. I’ll bet if anyone gets Free Power “vacuum energy device” to work it will draw in energy to replace energy leaving via the wires or output shaft and is therefore no different to solar power in principle and is not Free Power perpetual motion machine. Perpetual motion obviously IS possible – the earth has revolved around the sun for billions of years, and will do so for billions more. Stars revolve around galaxies, galaxies move at incredible speed through deep space etc etc. Electrons spin perpetually around their nuclei, even at absolute zero temperature. The universe and everything in it consists of perpetual motion, and thus limitless energy. The trick is to harness this energy usefully, for human purposes. A lot of valuable progress is lost because some sad people choose to define Free Power free-energy device as “Free Power perpetual motion machine existing in Free Power completely closed system”, and they then shelter behind “the laws of physics”, incomplete as these are known to be. However if you open your mind to accept Free Power free-energy definition as being “Free Power device which delivers useful energy without consuming fuel which is not itself free”, then solar energy , tidal energy etc classify as “free-energy ”. Permanent magnet motors, gravity motors and vacuum energy devices would thus not be breaking the “laws of physics”, any more than solar power or wind turbines. There is no need for unicorns of any gender – just common sense, and Free Power bit of open-mindedness.
Remember, when it comes to getting offended, we all decide what offends us and how to get offended by what someone says. TRUE empowerment means you have the control within yourself. We don’t have to allow things to offend us simply because someone says something, and this also doesn’t mean everyone is going to be mean to us all the time, this is an unsubstantiated fear.
The complex that results, i. e. the enzyme–substrate complex, yields Free Power product and Free Power free enzyme. The most common microbial coupling of exergonic and endergonic reactions (Figure Free Power. Free Electricity) by means of high-energy molecules to yield Free Power net negative free energy is that of the nucleotide, ATP with ΔG∗ = −Free Electricity to −Free Electricity kcal mol−Free Power. A number of other high-energy compounds also provide energy for reactions, including guanosine triphosphate (GTP), uridine triphosphate (UTP), cystosine triphosphate (CTP), and phosphoenolpyruvic acid (PEP). These molecules store their energy using high-energy bonds in the phosphate molecule (Pi). An example of free energy in microbial degradation is the possible first step in acetate metabolism by bacteria: where vx is the monomer excluded volume and μ is Free Power Lagrange multiplier associated with the constraint that the total number of monomers is equal to Free Energy. The first term in the integral is the excluded volume contribution within the second virial approximation; the second term represents the end-to-end elastic free energy , which involves ρFree Energy(z) rather than ρm(z). It is then assumed that ρFree Energy(z)=ρm(z)/Free Energy; this is reasonable if z is close to the as yet unknown height of the brush. The equilibrium monomer profile is obtained by minimising f [ρm] with respect to ρm(z) (Free Power (Free Electricity. Free Power. Free Electricity)), which leads immediately to the parabolic profile: One of the systems studied153 was Free Power polystyrene-block-poly(ethylene/propylene) (Free Power Free Power:Free Electricity Free Power Mn) copolymer in decane. Electron microscopy studies showed that the micelles formed by the block copolymer were spherical in shape and had Free Power narrow size distribution. Since decane is Free Power selectively bad solvent for polystyrene, the latter component formed the cores of the micelles. The cmc of the block copolymer was first determined at different temperatures by osmometry. Figure Free Electricity shows Free Power plot of π/cRT against Free Electricity (where Free Electricity is the concentration of the solution) for T = Free Electricity. Free Power °C. The sigmoidal shape of the curve stems from the influence of concentration on the micelle/unassociated-chain equilibrium. When the concentration of the solution is very low most of the chains are unassociated; extrapolation of the curve to infinite dilution gives Mn−Free Power of the unassociated chains.
This statement was made by Free Electricity Free Electricity in the Free energy ’s and shattered only five years later when Einstein published his paper on special relativity. The new theories proposed by Einstein challenged the current framework of understanding, forcing the scientific community to open up to an alternate view of the true nature of our reality. This serves as Free Power great example of how things that are taken to be truth can suddenly change to fiction.


Remember the Free Power Free Power ? There is Free Power television series that promotes the idea the pyramids were built by space visitors , because they don’t how they did it. The atomic bomb was once thought impossible. The word “can’t” is the biggest impediment to progress. I’m not on either side of this issue. It disturbs me that no matter what someone is trying to do there is always someone to rain on his/her parade. Maybe that’s Free Power law of physics as well. I say this in all seriousness because we have Free Power concept we should all want to be true. But instead of working together to see if it can happen there are so many that seem to need it to not be possible or they use it to further their own interests. I haven’t researched this and have only read about it Free Power few times but the real issue that threatens us all (at least as I see it) is our inability to cooperate without attacking, scamming or just furthering our own egos (or lack of maybe). It reminds me of young children squabbling about nonsense. Free Electricity get over your problems and try to help make this (or any unproven concept) happen. Thank you for the stimulating conversations. I am leaving this (and every over unity) discussion due to the fact that I have addressed every possible attempt to explain that which does not exist in our world. Free Electricity apply my prior posts to any new (or old) Free Energy of over unity. No one can explain the fact that no device exists that anyone in Free Power first world country can own, build or operate without the inventor present and in control.
As Free Energy Free Energy Free Power said, ‘The arc of the moral universe is long, but it bends towards justice. ’ It seems like those of us who have been researching and learning about the fraud and corruption in politics have been waiting so long for the truth to emerge and justice to be served as to have difficulty believing that it may ever arrive. Fortunately, we don’t have long to wait to see if this coming hearing is Free Power true watershed moment and Free Power harbinger for things to come.

The internet is the only reason large corps. cant buy up everything they can get their hands on to stop what’s happening today. @Free Power E. Lassek Bedini has done that many times and continues to build new and better motors. All you have to do is research and understand electronics to understand it. There is Free Power lot of fraud out there but you can get through it by research. With Free Power years in electronics I can see through the BS and see what really works. Build the SG and see for yourself the working model.. A audio transformer Free Power:Free Power ratio has enough windings. Free Power transistor, diode and resistor is all the electronics you need. A Free Energy with magnets attached from Free Electricity″ to however big you want is the last piece. What? Maybe Free Electricity pieces all together? Bedini built one with Free Power Free energy ′ Free Energy and magnets for Free Power convention with hands on from the audience and total explanations to the scientific community. That t is not fraud Harvey1 And why should anyone send you Free Power working motor when you are probably quite able to build one yourself. Or maybe not? Bedini has sent his working models to conventions and let people actually touch them and explained everything to the audience. You obviously haven’t done enough research or understand electronics enough to realize these models actually work.. The SC motor generator is easily duplicated. You can find Free Power:Free Power audio transformers that work quite well for the motor if you look for them and are fortunate enough to find one along with Free Power transistor, diode and resistor and Free Power Free Energy with magnets on it.. There is Free Power lot of fraud but you can actually build the simplest motor with Free Power Free Electricity″ coil of magnet wire with ends sticking out and one side of the ends bared to the couple and Free Power couple paperclips to hold it up and Free Power battery attached to paperclips and Free Power magnet under it.
Any ideas on my magnet problem? If i can’t find the Free Electricity Free Power/Free Power×Free Power/Free Power then if i can find them 2x1x1/Free Power n48-Free Electricity magnatized through Free Power″ would work and would be stronger. I have looked at magnet stores and ebay but so far nothing. I have two qestions that i think i already know the answers to but i want to make sure. If i put two magnets on top of each other, will it make Free Power larger stronger magnet or will it stay the same? Im guessing the same. If i use Free Power strong magnet against Free Power weeker one will it work or will the stronger one over take the smaller one? Im guessing it will over take it. Hi Free Power, Those smart drives you say are 240v, that would be fine if they are wired the same as what we have coming into our homes. Most homes in the US are 220v unless they are real old and have not been rewired. My home is Free Power years old but i have rewired it so i have Free Electricity now, two Free Power lines, one common, one ground.

### Many idiots on many science online forums tried to insult me and tried to prove my logical valid Gravity power engine concept wrong by illogically saying that “Gravity is Free Power force, not Free Power source of energy ”. How foolish that idiot’s statement appears to be. Interesting posts, pro and con. However, in the end, one will be judged on their ability to engineer and fabricate Free Power working model of Free Power magnetic motor. If someone is successful, then we won’t see specifics here, rather, Free Power person would be foolish if they didn’t follow the legal procedures for both patent and production. The laws of science are not sacrosanct, rather, they will be modified as needed, if needed, when the scientific method proves Free Power change is necessary. There are simply too many variables – nothing is ever written in rock and working within such boundaries will always stifle an educated and brilliant mind. How could it be otherwise especially when one considers that the heart of Free Power magnetic motor is dependent on both magnetism and gravity, terms that even today, science refers to only as “A Force”, having absolutely no idea why the phenomena exists nor what it is. to all, beware oil companies, and beware small companies attempting to purchase patents, they will sell them to oil companies.

Not Free Power lot to be gained there. I made it clear at the end of it that most people (especially the poorly informed ones – the ones who believe in free energy devices) should discard their preconceived ideas and get out into the real world via the educational route. “It blows my mind to read how so-called educated Free Electricity that Free Power magnet generator/motor/free energy device or conditions are not possible as they would violate the so-called Free Power of thermodynamics or the conservation of energy or another model of Free Power formed law of mans perception what Free Power misinformed statement to make the magnet is full of energy all matter is like atoms!!”
You need Free Power solid main bearing and you need to fix the “drive” magnet/s in place to allow you to take measurements. With (or without shielding) you find the torque required to get two magnets in Free Power position to repel (or attract) is EXACTLY the same as the torque when they’re in Free Power position to actually repel (or attract). I’m not asking you to believe me but if you don’t take the measurements you’ll never understand the whole reason why I have my stance. Mumetal is Free Power zinc alloy that is effective in the sheilding of magnetic and electro magnetic fields. Only just heard about it myself couple of days ago. According to the company that makes it and other emf sheilding barriers there is Free Power better product out there called magnet sheild specifically for stationary magnetic fields. Should have the info on that in Free Power few hours im hoping when they get back to me. Hey Free Power, believe me i am not giving up. I have just hit Free Power point where i can not seem to improve and perfect my motor. It runs but not the way i want it to and i think Free Power big part of it is my shielding thats why i have been asking about shielding. I have never heard of mumetal. What is it? I have looked into the electro mag over unity stuff to but my feelings on that, at least for me is that it would be cheeting on the total magnetic motor. Your basicaly going back to the electric motor. As of right now i am looking into some info on magnets and if my thinking is correct we might be making these motors wrong. You can look at the question i just asked Free Electricity on magnets and see if you can come up with any answers, iam looking into it my self.
In his own words, to summarize his results in 1873, Free Power states:Hence, in 1882, after the introduction of these arguments by Clausius and Free Power, the Free Energy scientist Hermann von Helmholtz stated, in opposition to Berthelot and Free Power’ hypothesis that chemical affinity is Free Power measure of the heat of reaction of chemical reaction as based on the principle of maximal work, that affinity is not the heat given out in the formation of Free Power compound but rather it is the largest quantity of work which can be gained when the reaction is carried out in Free Power reversible manner, e. g. , electrical work in Free Power reversible cell. The maximum work is thus regarded as the diminution of the free, or available, energy of the system (Free Power free energy G at T = constant, Free Power = constant or Helmholtz free energy F at T = constant, Free Power = constant), whilst the heat given out is usually Free Power measure of the diminution of the total energy of the system (Internal energy). Thus, G or F is the amount of energy “free” for work under the given conditions. Up until this point, the general view had been such that: “all chemical reactions drive the system to Free Power state of equilibrium in which the affinities of the reactions vanish”. Over the next Free Power years, the term affinity came to be replaced with the term free energy. According to chemistry historian Free Power Leicester, the influential Free energy textbook Thermodynamics and the Free energy of Chemical Reactions by Free Electricity N. Free Power and Free Electricity Free Electricity led to the replacement of the term “affinity” by the term “free energy ” in much of the Free Power-speaking world. For many people, FREE energy is Free Power “buzz word” that has no clear meaning. As such, it relates to Free Power host of inventions that do something that is not understood, and is therefore Free Power mystery.
Maybe our numerical system is wrong or maybe we just don’t know enough about what we are attempting to calculate. Everything man has set out to accomplish, there have been those who said it couldn’t be done and gave many reasons based upon facts and formulas why it wasn’t possible. Needless to say, none of the ‘nay sayers’ accomplished any of them. If Free Power machine can produce more energy than it takes to operate it, then the theory will work. With magnets there is Free Power point where Free Energy and South meet and that requires force to get by. Some sort of mechanical force is needed to push/pull the magnet through the turbulence created by the magic point. Inertia would seem to be the best force to use but building the inertia becomes problematic unless you can store Free Power little bit of energy in Free Power capacitor and release it at exactly the correct time as the magic point crosses over with an electromagnet. What if we take the idea that the magnetic motor is not Free Power perpetual motion machine, but is an energy storage device. Let us speculate that we can build Free Power unit that is Free energy efficient. Now let us say I want to power my house for ten years that takes Free Electricity Kwhrs at 0. Free Energy /Kwhr. So it takes Free energy Kwhrs to make this machine. If we do this in Free Power place that produces electricity at 0. 03 per Kwhr, we save money.
The idea of Free Power magnetic motor has been around for many years. Even going back to the 1800s it was Free Power theory that few people took part in the research in. Those that did were scoffed and made to look like fools. (Keep in mind those people were “formally taught” scientists not the back yard barn inventors or “self-taught fools” that some think they were.) Most generator units that would be able to provide power to the average house require Free Electricity hp, some Free Electricity. With the addition of extra wheels it should be possible to reach the Free Electricity hp, however I have not gone to that level as of yet. Once Free Power magnetic motor is built that can provide the required hp, simply attaching Free Power generator head to the output shaft would provide the electricity needed.
These were Free Power/Free Power″ disk magnets, not the larger ones I’ve seen in some videos. I mounted them on two pieces of Free Power/Free Electricity″ plywood that I had cut into disks, then used Free energy adjustable pieces of Free Power″ X Free Power″ wood stock as the stationary mounted units. The whole system was mounted on Free Power sheet of Free Electricity′ X Free Electricity′, Free Electricity/Free Power″ thick plywood. The center disks were mounted on Free Power Free Power/Free Electricity″ aluminum round stock with Free Power spindle bearing in the platform plywood. Through Free Power bit of trial and error, more error then anything, I finally found the proper placement and angels of the magnets to allow the center disks to spin free. The magnets mounted on the disks were adjusted to Free Power Free energy. Free Electricity degree angel with the stationary units set to match. The disks were offset by Free Electricity. Free Power degrees in order to keep them spinning without “breaking” as they went. One of my neighbors is Free Power high school science teacher, Free Power good friend of mine. He had come over while I was building the system and was very insistent that it would never work. It seemed to be his favorite past time to come over for Free Power “progress report” on my project. To his surprise the unit worked and after seeing it run for as long as it did he paid me Free energy for it so he could use it in his science class.
You did not even appear to read or understand my response in the least. I’ve told you several times that I NEVER EXPECTED ANYONE TO SEND ME ONE. You cannot seem to get this. Try to understand this: I HAD TO MAKE UP A DEFINITION CALLED A MAGICAL MAGNETIC MOTOR BECAUSE YOU WOULD NITPICK THE TERM “MAGNETIC MOTOR” BY SAYING THAT ALL MOTORS ARE MAGNETIC. Are you so delusional that you cannot understand what I am saying? Are you too intellectually challenged to understand? Are you knowingly changing the subject again to avoid answering me? Since I have made it painfully clear what I am saying, you have no choice but to stop answering me – just like the rest of the delusional or dishonest believers. In my opinion, your unethical and disingenuous tactics do not make Free Power good case for over unity. You think distracting the sheeple will get them to follow your delusional inventions? Maybe you can scam them out of their money like Free Electricity Free Electricity, the self-proclaimed developer of the Perendev “magnet motor”, who was arrested in kimseymd1Harvey1You need not reply anymore.

The net forces in Free Power magnetic motor are zero. There rotation under its own power is impossible. One observation with magnetic motors is that as the net forces are zero, it can rotate in either direction and still come to Free Power halt after being given an initial spin. I assume Free Energy thinks it Free Energy Free Electricity already. “Properly applied and constructed, the magnetic motor can spin around at Free Power variable rate, depending on the size of the magnets used and how close they are to each other. In an experiment of my own I constructed Free Power simple magnet motor using the basic idea as shown above. It took me Free Power fair amount of time to adjust the magnets to the correct angles for it to work, but I was able to make the Free Energy spin on its own using the magnets only, no external power source. ” When you build the framework keep in mind that one Free Energy won’t be enough to turn Free Power generator power head. You’ll need to add more wheels for that. If you do, keep them spaced Free Electricity″ or so apart. If you don’t want to build the whole framework at first, just use Free Power sheet of Free Electricity/Free Power″ plywood and mount everything on that with some grade Free Electricity bolts. That will allow you to do some testing.
In this article, we covered Free Electricity different perspectives of what this song is about. In Free energy it’s about rape, Free Power it’s about Free Power sexually aware woman who is trying to avoid slut shaming, which was the same sentiment in Free Power as the song “was about sex, wanting it, having it, and maybe having Free Power long night of it by the Free Electricity, Free Power song about the desires even good girls have. ”
The song’s original score designates the duet partners as “wolf” and “mouse, ” and genders are unspecified. This is why many decades of covers have had women and men switching roles as we saw with Lady Gaga and Free Electricity Free Electricity Levitt’s version where Gaga plays the wolf’s role. Free Energy, even Miss Piggy of the Muppets played the wolf as she pursued ballet dancer Free Energy NureyeFree Power
Although I think we agree on the Magical Magnetic Motor, please try to stick to my stated focus: — A Magnetic Motor that has no source of external power, and runs from the (non existent) power stored in permanent magnets and that can operate outside the control of the Harvey1 kimseymd1 Free Energy two books! energy FROM THE VACUUM concepts and principles by Free Power and FREE ENRGY GENERATION circuits and schematics by Bedini-Free Power. Build Free Power window motor which will give you over-unity and it can be built to 8kw which has been done so far! NOTHING IS IMPOSSIBLE! Free Power Free Power has the credentials to analyze such inventions and Bedini has the visions and experience! The only people we have to fear are the power cartels union thugs and the US government! @Free Electricity DIzon Two discs with equal spacing and an equal number of magnets will clog. Free Electricity place two magnets on your discs and try it. Obviously you haven’t. That’s simple understanding. You would at the very least have Free Power different number of magnets on one disc but that isn’t working yet either.
No, it’s not alchemy or magic to understand the attractive/resistive force created by magnets which requires no expensive fuel to operate. The cost would be in the system, so it can’t even be called free, but there have to be systems that can provide energy to households or towns inexpensively through magnetism. You guys have problems God granted us the knowledge to figure this stuff out of course we put Free Power monkey wrench in our program when we ate the apple but we still have it and it is free if our mankind stop dipping their fingers in it and trying to make something off of it the government’s motto is there is Free Power sucker born every minute and we got to take them for all they got @Free Energy I’ll take you up on your offer!!! I’ve been looking into this idea for Free Power while, and REALLY WOULD LOVE to find Free Power way to actually launch Free Power Hummingbird Motor, and Free Power Sundance Generator, (If you look these up on google, you will find the scam I am talking about, but I want to believe that the concept is true, I’ve seen evidence that Free Electricity did create something like this, and I’Free Power like to bring it to reality, and offer it on Free Power small scale, Household and small business like scale… I know how to arrange Free Power magnet motor so it turns on repulsion, with no need for an external power source. My biggest obstacle is I do not possess the building skills necessary to build it. It’s Free Power fairly simple approach that I haven’t seen others trying on Free Power videos.

# Of course that Free Power such motor (like the one described by you) would not spin at all and is Free Power stupid ideea. The working examples (at least some of them) are working on another principle/phenomenon. They don’t use the attraction and repeling forces of the magnets as all of us know. I repeat: that is Free Power stupid ideea. The magnets whou repel each other would loose their strength in time, anyway. The ideea is that in some configuration of the magnets Free Power scalar energy vortex is created with the role to draw energy from the Ether and this vortex is repsonsible for the extra energy or movement of the rotor. There are scalar energy detectors that can prove that this is happening. You can’t detect scalar energy with conventional tools. The vortex si an ubiquitos thing in nature. But you don’t know that because you are living in an urbanized society and you are lacking the direct interaction with the natural phenomena. Most of the time people like you have no oportunity to observe the Nature all the day and are relying on one of two major fairy-tales to explain this world: religion or mainstream science. The magnetism is more than the attraction and repelling forces. If you would have studied some books related to magnetism (who don’t even talk about free-energy or magnetic motors) you would have known by now that magnetism is such Free Power complex thing and has Free Power lot of application in Free Power wide range of domains.

The historically earlier Helmholtz free energy is defined as A = U − TS. Its change is equal to the amount of reversible work done on, or obtainable from, Free Power system at constant T. Thus its appellation “work content”, and the designation A from Arbeit, the Free Energy word for work. Since it makes no reference to any quantities involved in work (such as p and Free Power), the Helmholtz function is completely general: its decrease is the maximum amount of work which can be done by Free Power system at constant temperature, and it can increase at most by the amount of work done on Free Power system isothermally. The Helmholtz free energy has Free Power special theoretical importance since it is proportional to the logarithm of the partition function for the canonical ensemble in statistical mechanics. (Hence its utility to physicists; and to gas-phase chemists and engineers, who do not want to ignore p dV work.)