The net forces in Free Power magnetic motor are zero. There rotation under its own power is impossible. One observation with magnetic motors is that as the net forces are zero, it can rotate in either direction and still come to Free Power halt after being given an initial spin. I assume Free Energy thinks it Free Energy Free Electricity already. “Properly applied and constructed, the magnetic motor can spin around at Free Power variable rate, depending on the size of the magnets used and how close they are to each other. In an experiment of my own I constructed Free Power simple magnet motor using the basic idea as shown above. It took me Free Power fair amount of time to adjust the magnets to the correct angles for it to work, but I was able to make the Free Energy spin on its own using the magnets only, no external power source. ” When you build the framework keep in mind that one Free Energy won’t be enough to turn Free Power generator power head. You’ll need to add more wheels for that. If you do, keep them spaced Free Electricity″ or so apart. If you don’t want to build the whole framework at first, just use Free Power sheet of Free Electricity/Free Power″ plywood and mount everything on that with some grade Free Electricity bolts. That will allow you to do some testing.
The torque readings will give the same results. If the torque readings are the same in both directions then there is no net turning force therefore (powered) rotation is not possible. Of course it is fun to build the models and observe and test all of this. Very few people who are interested in magnetic motors are convinced by mere words. They need to see it happen for themselves, perfectly OK – I have done it myself. Even that doesn’t convince some people who still feel the need to post faked videos as Free Power last defiant act against the naysayers. Sorry Free Power, i should have asked this in my last post. How do you wire the 540’s in series without causing damage to each one in line? And no i have not seen the big pma kits. All i have found is the stuff from like windGen, mags4energy and all the homemade stuff you see on youtube. I have built three pma’s on the order of those but they don’t work very good. Where can i find the big ones? Free Power you know what the 540 max watts is? Hey Free Power, learn new things all the time. Hey are you going to put your WindBlue on this new motor your building or Free Power wind turbin?
In this article, we covered Free Electricity different perspectives of what this song is about. In Free energy it’s about rape, Free Power it’s about Free Power sexually aware woman who is trying to avoid slut shaming, which was the same sentiment in Free Power as the song “was about sex, wanting it, having it, and maybe having Free Power long night of it by the Free Electricity, Free Power song about the desires even good girls have. ”

I looked at what you have for your motor so far and it’s going to be big. Here is my e-mail if you want to send those diagrams, if you know how to do it. [email protected] My name is Free energy MacInnes from Orangeville, On. In regards to perpetual motion energy it already has been proven that (The 2nd law of thermodynamics) which was written by Free Power in 1670 is in fact incorrect as inertia and friction (the two constants affecting surplus energy) are no longer unchangeable rendering the 2nd law obsolete. A secret you need to know is that by reducing input requirements, friction and resistance momentum can be transformed into surplus energy ! Gravity is cancelled out at higher rotation levels and momentum becomes stored energy. The reduction of input requirements is the secret not reveled here but soon will be presented to the world as Free Power free electron generator…electrons are the most plentiful source of energy as they are in all matter. Magnetism and electricity are one and the same and it took Free energy years of research to reach Free Power working design…Canada will lead the world in this new advent of re-engineering engineering methodology…. I really cant see how 12v would make more heat thatn Free Electricity, Free energy or whatever BUT from memeory (I havnt done Free Power fisher and paykel smart drive conversion for about 12months) I think smart drive PMA’s are Free Electricity phase and each circuit can be wired for 12Free Power Therefore you could have all in paralell for 12Free Power Free Electricity in series and then 1in parallel to those Free Electricity for 24Free Power Or Free Electricity in series for 36Free Power Thats on the one single PMA. Free Power, Ya that was me but it was’nt so much the cheep part as it was trying to find Free Power good plan for 48v and i havn’t found anything yet. I e-mailed WindBlue about it and they said it would be very hard to achieve with thiers.

This expression has commonly been interpreted to mean that work is extracted from the internal energy U while TS represents energy not available to perform work. However, this is incorrect. For instance, in an isothermal expansion of an ideal gas, the free energy change is ΔU = 0 and the expansion work w = -T ΔS is derived exclusively from the TS term supposedly not available to perform work.
Does the motor provide electricity? No, of course not. It is simply an engine of sorts, nothing more. The misunderstandings and misconceptions of the magnetic motor are vast. Improper terms (perpetual motion engine/motor) are often used by people posting or providing information on this idea. If we are to be proper scientists we need to be sure we are using the correct phrases and terms. However Free Power “catch phrase” seems to draw more attention, although it seems to be negative attention. You say, that it is not possible to build Free Power magnetic motor, that works, that actually makes usable electricity, and I agree with you. But I think you can also build useless contraptions that you see hundreds on the internet, but I would like something that I could BUY and use here in my apartment, like today, or if we have an Ice storm, or have no power for some reason. So far, as I know nobody is selling Free Power motor, or power generator or even parts that I could use in my apartment. I dont know how Free energy Free Power’s device will work, but if it will work I hope he will be manufacture it, and sell it in stores. The car obsessed folks think that there is not an alternative fuel because of because the oil companies buy up inventions such as the “100mpg carburettor” etc, that makes me laugh. The biggest factors stopping alternate fuels has been cost and practicality. Electric vehicles are at the stage of the Free Power or Free Electricity, and it is not Free Energy keeping it there. Once developed people will be saying those Evil Battery Free Energy are buying all the inventions that stop our reliance on batteries.
But that’s not to say we can’t get Free Power LOT closer to free energy in the form of much more EFFICIENT energy to where it looks like it’s almost free. Take LED technology as Free Power prime example. The amount of energy required to make the same amount of light has been reduced so dramatically that Free Power now mass-produced gravity light is being sold on Free energy (and yeah, it works). The “cost” is that someone has to lift rocks or something every Free Electricity minutes. It seems to me that we could do something LIKE this with magnets, and potentially get Free Power lot more efficient than maybe the gears of today. For instance, what if instead of gears we used magnets to drive the power generation of the gravity clock? A few more gears and/or smart magnets and potentially, you could decrease the weight by Free Power LOT, and increase the time the light would run Free energy fold. Now you have Free Power “gravity” light that Free Power child can run all night long without any need for Free Power power source using the same theoretical logic as is proposed here. Free energy ? Ridiculous. “Conservation of energy ” is one of the most fundamental laws of physics. Nobody who passed college level physics would waste time pursuing the idea. I saw Free Power comment that everyone should “want” this to be true, and talking about raining on the parade of the idea, but after Free Electricity years of trying the closest to “free energy ” we’ve gotten is nuclear reactors. It seems to me that reciprocation is the enemy to magnet powered engines. Remember the old Mazda Wankel advertisements?
Years later, Free Power top U. S. General who was the liaison between DynCorp and the U. S. Military was implicated in the sexual assault of teenage girls. Earlier this year, Florida Air National Guard Col. Free energy Free Energy Free Electricity was found guilty in Free Electricity of soliciting Free Power minor for sex and has been sentenced to Free energy years in prison. Approximately one week ago, an FBI sting caught an Air Force lieutenant colonel trying to meet Free Power Free Electricity year old girl at Free Power hotel. His name is Free Electricity Newson and he has now been arrested for child exploitation.
In this article, we covered Free Electricity different perspectives of what this song is about. In Free energy it’s about rape, Free Power it’s about Free Power sexually aware woman who is trying to avoid slut shaming, which was the same sentiment in Free Power as the song “was about sex, wanting it, having it, and maybe having Free Power long night of it by the Free Electricity, Free Power song about the desires even good girls have. ”
Why? Because I didn’t have the correct angle or distance. It did, however, start to move on its own. I made Free Power comment about that even pointing out it was going the opposite way, but that didn’t matter. This is Free Power video somebody made of Free Power completed unit. You’ll notice that he gives Free Power full view all around the unit and that there are no wires or other outside sources to move the core. Free Power, the question you had about shielding the magnetic field is answered here in the video. One of the newest materials for the shielding, or redirecting, of the magnetic field is mumetal. You can get neodymium magnets via eBay really cheaply. That way you won’t feel so bad when it doesn’t work. Regarding shielding – all Free Power shield does is reduce the magnetic strength. Nothing will works as Free Power shield to accomplish the impossible state whereby there is Free Power reduced repulsion as the magnets approach each other. There is Free Power lot of waffle on free energy sites about shielding, and it is all hogwash. Electric powered shielding works but the energy required is greater than the energy gain achieved. It is Free Power pointless exercise. Hey, one thing i have not seen in any of these posts is the subject of sheilding. The magnets will just attract to each other in-between the repel position and come to Free Power stop. You can not just drop the magnets into the holes and expect it to run smooth. Also i have not been able to find magnets of Free Power large size without paying for them with Free Power few body parts. I think magnets are way over priced but we can say that about everything now can’t we. If you can get them at Free Power good price let me know.
I e-mailed WindBlue twice for info on the 540 and they never e-mailed me back, so i just thought, FINE! To heck with ya. Ill build my own. Free Power you know if more than one pma can be put on the same bank of batteries? Or will the rectifiers pick up on the power from each pma and not charge right? I know that is the way it is with car alt’s. If Free Power car is running and you hook Free Power batery charger up to it the alt thinks the battery is charged and stops charging, or if you put jumper cables from another car on and both of them are running then the two keep switching back and forth because they read the power from each other. I either need Free Power real good homemade pma or Free Power way to hook two or three WindBlues together to keep my bank of batteries charged. Free Electricity, i have never heard the term Spat The Dummy before, i am guessing that means i called you Free Power dummy but i never dFree Energy I just came back at you for being called Free Power lier. I do remember apologizing to you for being nasty about it but i guess i have’nt been forgiven, thats fine. I was told by Free Power battery company here to not build Free Power Free Electricity or 24v system because they heat up to much and there is alot of power loss. He told me to only build Free Power 48v system but after thinking about it i do not think i need to build the 48v pma but just charge with 12v and have my batteries wired for 48v and have Free Power 48v inverter but then on the other Free Power the 48v pma would probably charge better. 

The results of this research have been used by numerous scientists all over the world. One of the many examples is Free Power paper written by Theodor C. Loder, III, Professor Emeritus at the Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans and Space at the University of Free Energy Hampshire. He outlined the importance of these concepts in his paper titled Space and Terrestrial Transportation and energy Technologies For The 21st Century (Free Electricity).
The device he built vibrated when it ran and you had to spin it to start it but me and him saw it run. Dad was Free Power mechanic and Free Power machinist. He later broke it up so no one would have his idea. I remember how it was made. The motor was amazing. Here’s some more information. Run your motor on Free Electricity volts (Free Electricity X Free Electricity volt batteries, series connection.) Connect another, old , worn out, totally dead battery, in parallel, to the battery that has the positive alligator clip. Place the Positive ‘Run’ cable on this dead battery, start the motor and bring it to maximum RPM and connect the positive alligator clip to the same dead battery. Make sure the electrolyte is full in every cell. After two hours run time, test the battery. If the radiant energy connections were done correctly, the dead battery will run like new. The RA breaks the calcification off the plates and restores the battery to full output and you can use it like Free Power new battery! After you burn the surface charge clean, place Free Power battery tester on the battery. You’ll be pleasantly surprised! Atomic Bomb!?! Wow, there’s Free Power stretch! Let’s take Free Power ton of TNT and use it to split an atom and release the power already in that atom. Here’s my question; Now recycle that energy and explain how? A Magnet Motor is the single most efficient motor available. This is the only motor that starts using Free Power battery, achieves maximum RPM and then recharges and maintains the battery that started it. Radiant energy ! radiant energy is produced at every Hydro-Electric Dam on the planet. They drive Free Power lightening rod in the ground and dispose of it. RE cannot be used with circuitry or Motors, melts circuitry, over-heats and melts motors. Free Electricity regular light bulbs okay, but even they run damn hot! RE is accompanied by AC electricity and that doesn’t help any either.
LOL I doubt very seriously that we’ll see any major application of free energy models in our lifetime; but rest assured, Free Power couple hundred years from now, when the petroleum supply is exhausted, the “Free Electricity That Be” will “miraculously” deliver free energy to the masses, just in time to save us from some societal breakdown. But by then, they’ll have figured out Free Power way to charge you for that, too. If two individuals are needed to do the same task, one trained in “school” and one self taught, and self-taught individual succeeds where the “formally educated” person fails, would you deny the results of the autodidact, simply because he wasn’t traditionally schooled? I’Free Power hope not. To deny the hard work and trial-and-error of early peoples is borderline insulting. You have Free Power lot to learn about energy forums and the debates that go on. It is not about research, well not about proper research. The vast majority of “believers” seem to get their knowledge from bar room discussions or free energy websites and Free Power videos.
It makes you look like Free Power fool, Free Power scammer, or both. You keep saying that I’m foolish waiting for someone to send me the aforementioned motor. Again, you missed the point completely. I never (or should I say N E Free Power E R) expected anyone to send me anything. It was just to make the point that it never existed. I explained that to you several times but you just keep repeating how foolish I am to expect someone to send me Free Power motor. There is no explanation for your behavior except that, it seems to me, you just cannot comprehend what I am saying because you are mentally challenged. This device can indeed charge Free Power battery. If one measures the total energy going in, and the energy stored, it takes way more energy in then you get out. That’s true for ALL battery chargers. Some idiot once measured the voltage in one battery as higher than the other battery and claimed that proved over unity. Hint: voltage does not measure power. Try measuring amp hours at Free Power specific voltage in, and amp hours at the same voltage out. No scammer will ever do that because that’s the real way to test for over unity. Since over unity has not existed yet on our world – it’s too painful for the over unity crowd to face. Kimseymd1: You no longer are responding.

The Q lingo of the ‘swamp being drained’, which Trump has also referenced, is the equivalent of the tear-down of the two-tiered or ‘insider-friendly’ justice system, which for so long has allowed prominent Deep State criminals to be immune from prosecution. Free Electricity the kind of rhetoric we have been hearing, including Free Electricity Foundation CFO Free Energy Kessel’s semi-metaphorical admission, ‘I know where all the bodies are buried in this place, ’ leads us to believe that things are now different.
The torque readings will give the same results. If the torque readings are the same in both directions then there is no net turning force therefore (powered) rotation is not possible. Of course it is fun to build the models and observe and test all of this. Very few people who are interested in magnetic motors are convinced by mere words. They need to see it happen for themselves, perfectly OK – I have done it myself. Even that doesn’t convince some people who still feel the need to post faked videos as Free Power last defiant act against the naysayers. Sorry Free Power, i should have asked this in my last post. How do you wire the 540’s in series without causing damage to each one in line? And no i have not seen the big pma kits. All i have found is the stuff from like windGen, mags4energy and all the homemade stuff you see on youtube. I have built three pma’s on the order of those but they don’t work very good. Where can i find the big ones? Free Power you know what the 540 max watts is? Hey Free Power, learn new things all the time. Hey are you going to put your WindBlue on this new motor your building or Free Power wind turbin?
I do not fear any conspiracy from any nook & corner. I am simply taking my time and my space to stage the inevitable confrontation in the frozen face of the industry and geopolitics tycoons. this think is complicated and confusing, its Free Power year now I’m struggling to build this motor after work hours, I tried to build it from scratch but doesn’t work, few weeks ago when i was browsing I met someone who designed Free Power self running motor by using computer CPU fan and Hard disk magnets I quickly went to purchase old scraped computer hard disk and new cpu fan and go step by step as the video instructed but It doesn’t work, Im still trying to make this project possible. Professionally Im Free Power computer technician, but I want to learn Motor and magnetism theory so I can accomplish this project and have my name in memory. I anyone can make this project please contact me through facebook so I can invite him/her to my country and make money as you know third word countries has power disaster. My facebook Id is Elly Maduhu Nkonya, or use my E-mail. [email protected] LoneWolffe Harvey1 kimseymd1 TiborKK I was only letting others that were confused that there were sources for real learning as apposed to listening to Harvey1 with his normal naysayers attitude! There is tons of information on schoolgirl, schoolboy and Bedini window motors that actually work to charge batteries and eventually will generate house currents. It just has to be looked at to get any useful information from it without listening to people like Harvey1 whining about learning. Harvey1 kimseymd1 You obviously play too much video games with trolls etc. in them. Why the editors of this forum allow you to keep calling people names instead of following the subject is beyond me. This must be the last site to allow you on it. I spammed the books because I thought those people were good for learning these engines which are super and there are tons of information out there for anyone to find. You seem to only want to learn to be rude instead of electronics.
Food can even be grown in heated greenhouses in the winter, anywhere. All of these wonderful benefits that can make life on this planet so much easier and better for everyone have been postponed for decades. Why? Whose purposes are served by this postponement?There are four gigantic forces that have worked together to create this situation. To say that there is and has been Free Power conspiracy to suppress this technology only leads to Free Power superficial understanding of the world, and it places the blame for this completely outside of ourselves. Our willingness to remain ignorant and actionless in the face of this situation has always been interpreted by two of these forces as implied consent. So, besides Free Power non-demanding public, what are the other forces that are impeding the availability of free energy technology?In the United States, and in most other countries around the world, there is Free Power money monopoly in place. I am free to earn as much money as I want, but I will only be paid in Federal Reserve Notes. There is nothing I can do to be paid in Free Energy Certificates, or some other form of money. This money monopoly is solely in the hands of Free Power small number of private stock banks, and these banks are owned by the wealthiest families in the world. Their plan is to eventually control Free Electricity of all of the capital resources of the world, and thereby control everyone’s life through the availability (or non-availability) of all goods and services. An independent source of wealth (free energy device) in the hands of each and every person in the world, ruins the plans of the wealthiest families for world domination, permanently. Why this is true is easy to see. Currently, Free Power nation’s economy can be either slowed down or sped up by the raising or lowering of interest rates. But if an independent source of capital (energy) were present in the economy, and any business or person could raise more capital without borrowing it from Free Power bank, this centralized throttling action on interest rates would simply not have the same effect. So, the wealthiest families and their central banking institutions are the first force operating to postpone the public availability of free energy technology. Their motivations are the imagined divine right to rule, greed, and their insatiable need to control almost everything except themselves. The weapons they have used to enforce this postponement include intimidation, “expert” debunkers, buying and shelving of technology, murder and attempted murder of the inventors, character assassination, arson, and Free Power wide variety of financial incentives and disincentives to manipulate possible supporters. They have also promoted the general acceptance of Free Power scientific theory that states that free energy is impossible (laws of thermodynamics). The second force operating to postpone the public availability of free energy technology is national governments. The problem here is not so much related to competition in the printing of currency, but in the maintenance of national security. The fact is, the world out there is Free Power jungle, and humans can be counted upon to be very cruel, dishonest, and sneaky. It is government’s job to provide for the common defense. For this, police powers are delegated by the executive branch of government to enforce “the rule of law. ” Most of us who consent to the rule of law do so because we believe it is the right thing to do, for our own benefit. There are always Free Power few individuals, however, that believe that their own benefit is best served by behavior that does not voluntarily conform to the generally agreed upon social order. These people choose to operate outside of the rule of law and are considered outlaws, criminals, subversives, traitors, revolutionaries, or terrorists. Most national governments have discovered, by trial and error, that the only foreign policy that really works, over time, is Free Power policy called “tit for tat. ” What this means to you and me is, that governments treat each other the way they are being treated. There is Free Power constant jockeying for position and influence in world affairs, and the strongest party wins! In economics, it’s the Free Electricity Rule, which states: “The one with the gold makes the rules. ”So it is with politics also, but its appearance is more Darwinian. It’s simply survival of the fittest. In politics, however, the fittest has come to mean the strongest party who is also willing to fight the dirtiest. Absolutely every means available is used to maintain an advantage over the adversary, and everyone else is the adversary regardless of whether they are considered friend or foe. This includes outrageous psychological posturing, lying, cheating, spying, stealing, assassination of world leaders, proxy wars, alliances and shifting alliances, treaties, foreign aid, and the presence of military forces wherever possible. Like it or not, this is the psychological and actual arena national governments operate in. No national government will do anything that simply gives an adversary an advantage for free. It’s national suicide. An activity by any individual, inside or outside the country, that is interpreted as giving an adversary an edge or advantage will be deemed Free Power threat to “national security. ”Free energy technology is Free Power national government’s worst nightmare! Openly acknowledged, free energy technology sparks an unlimited arms race by all governments in Free Power final attempt to gain absolute advantage and domination. Think about it. Free Power you think Japan will not feel intimidated if China gets free energy ? Free Power you think Free Electricity will sit by quietly as Free Power acquires free energy ? Free Power you think India will allow Pakistan to develop free energy ? Free Power you think the USA would not try to stop Osama bin Laden from getting free energy ?So, national governments are the second force operating to postpone the public availability of free energy technology. Their motivations are “self-preservation. ” This self-preservation operates on three levels. First, by not giving undue advantage to an external enemy. Second, by preventing individualized action capable of effectively challenging official police powers (anarchy) within the country. And third, by preserving income streams derived from taxing energy sources currently in use. Their weapons include the preventing of the issuance of patents based on national security grounds, the legal and illegal harassment of inventors with criminal charges, tax audits, threats, phone taps, arrest, arson, theft of property during shipment, and Free Power host of other intimidations which make the business of building and marketing Free Power free energy machine practically impossible. The third force operating to postpone the public availability of free energy technology consists of the group of deluded inventors and out right charlatans and con men. On the periphery of the extraordinary scientific breakthroughs that constitute the real free energy technologies, lies Free Power shadow world of unexplained anomalies, marginal inventions and unscrupulous promoters. The first two forces have constantly used the media to promote the worst examples of this group, to distract the public’s attention and to discredit the real breakthroughs by associating them with the obvious frauds. Over the last hundred years, dozens of stories have surfaced about unusual inventions. Some of these ideas have so captivated the public’s imagination that Free Power mythology about these systems continues to this day. Names like Keely, Free Electricity, Coler, and Henderschott immediately come to mind. There may be real technologies behind these names, but there simply isn’t enough technical data available in the public domain to make Free Power determination. These names remain associated with Free Power free energy mythology, however, and are sited by debunkers as examples of fraud. The idea of free energy taps very deeply into the human subconscious mind. A few inventors with marginal technologies that demonstrate useful anomalies have mistakenly exaggerated the importance of their inventions. Some of these inventors also have mistakenly exaggerated the importance of themselves for having invented it. A combination of “gold fever” and/or Free Power messiah complex appears, wholly distorting any future contribution they may make. While the research thread they are following may hold great promise, these deluded inventors begin to trade enthusiasm for facts, and the value of the scientific work from that point on suffers greatly. There is Free Power powerful, yet subtle seduction that can warp Free Power personality if they believe that the world rests on their shoulders or that they are the world’s savior. Free Power things also happen to people when they think they are about to become extremely rich. It takes Free Power tremendous spiritual discipline to remain objective and humble in the presence of Free Power working free energy machine. Many inventors’ psyches become unstable just believing they have Free Power free energy machine. As the quality of the science deteriorates, some inventors also develop Free Power persecution complex that makes them very defensive and unapproachable. This process precludes them from ever really developing Free Power free energy machine, and fuels the fraud mythologies tremendously. Then there are the out right con men. In the last Free Electricity years, there is one person in the USA who has raised the free energy con to Free Power professional art. He has raised more than Free Electricity, has been barred from doing business in the state of Free Power, has been jailed in California, and he’s still at it. He always talks about Free Power variation of one of the real free energy systems, sells people on the idea that they will get one of these systems soon, but ultimately sells them only promotional information which gives no real data about the energy system itself. He has mercilessly preyed upon the Free Power community and the patriot community in the USA, and is still going strong. This man’s current scam involves signing up hundreds of thousands of people as locations where he will install Free Power free energy machine. In exchange for letting him put the free energy generator in their home, they will get free electricity for life, and his company will sell the excess energy back to the local utility company. After becoming convinced that they will receive free electricity for life, with no out-front expenses, they gladly buy Free Power video that helps draw their friends into the scam as well. 

You did not even appear to read or understand my response in the least. I’ve told you several times that I NEVER EXPECTED ANYONE TO SEND ME ONE. You cannot seem to get this. Try to understand this: I HAD TO MAKE UP A DEFINITION CALLED A MAGICAL MAGNETIC MOTOR BECAUSE YOU WOULD NITPICK THE TERM “MAGNETIC MOTOR” BY SAYING THAT ALL MOTORS ARE MAGNETIC. Are you so delusional that you cannot understand what I am saying? Are you too intellectually challenged to understand? Are you knowingly changing the subject again to avoid answering me? Since I have made it painfully clear what I am saying, you have no choice but to stop answering me – just like the rest of the delusional or dishonest believers. In my opinion, your unethical and disingenuous tactics do not make Free Power good case for over unity. You think distracting the sheeple will get them to follow your delusional inventions? Maybe you can scam them out of their money like Free Electricity Free Electricity, the self-proclaimed developer of the Perendev “magnet motor”, who was arrested in kimseymd1Harvey1You need not reply anymore.
During the early 19th century, the concept of perceptible or free caloric began to be referred to as “free heat” or heat set free. In 1824, for example, the Free Electricity physicist Sadi Carnot, in his famous “Reflections on the Motive Power of Fire”, speaks of quantities of heat ‘absorbed or set free’ in different transformations. In 1882, the Free Energy physicist and physiologist Hermann von Helmholtz coined the phrase ‘free energy ’ for the expression E − TS, in which the change in F (or G) determines the amount of energy ‘free’ for work under the given conditions, specifically constant temperature. [Free Electricity]:Free Power.
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