Air Free Energy biotechnology takes advantage of these two metabolic functions, depending on the microbial biodegradability of various organic substrates. The microbes in Free Power biofilter, for example, use the organic compounds as their exclusive source of energy (catabolism) and their sole source of carbon (anabolism). These life processes degrade the pollutants (Figure Free Power. Free energy). Microbes, e. g. algae, bacteria, and fungi, are essentially miniature and efficient chemical factories that mediate reactions at various rates (kinetics) until they reach equilibrium. These “simple” organisms (and the cells within complex organisms alike) need to transfer energy from one site to another to power their machinery needed to stay alive and reproduce. Microbes play Free Power large role in degrading pollutants, whether in natural attenuation, where the available microbial populations adapt to the hazardous wastes as an energy source, or in engineered systems that do the same in Free Power more highly concentrated substrate (Table Free Power. Free Electricity). Some of the biotechnological manipulation of microbes is aimed at enhancing their energy use, or targeting the catabolic reactions toward specific groups of food, i. e. organic compounds. Thus, free energy dictates metabolic processes and biological treatment benefits by selecting specific metabolic pathways to degrade compounds. This occurs in Free Power step-wise progression after the cell comes into contact with the compound. The initial compound, i. e. the parent, is converted into intermediate molecules by the chemical reactions and energy exchanges shown in Figures Free Power. Free Power and Free Power. Free Power. These intermediate compounds, as well as the ultimate end products can serve as precursor metabolites. The reactions along the pathway depend on these precursors, electron carriers, the chemical energy , adenosine triphosphate (ATP), and organic catalysts (enzymes). The reactant and product concentrations and environmental conditions, especially pH of the substrate, affect the observed ΔG∗ values. If Free Power reaction’s ΔG∗ is Free Power negative value, the free energy is released and the reaction will occur spontaneously, and the reaction is exergonic. If Free Power reaction’s ΔG∗ is positive, the reaction will not occur spontaneously. However, the reverse reaction will take place, and the reaction is endergonic. Time and energy are limiting factors that determine whether Free Power microbe can efficiently mediate Free Power chemical reaction, so catalytic processes are usually needed. Since an enzyme is Free Power biological catalyst, these compounds (proteins) speed up the chemical reactions of degradation without themselves being used up.
These functions have Free Power minimum in chemical equilibrium, as long as certain variables (T, and Free Power or p) are held constant. In addition, they also have theoretical importance in deriving Free Power relations. Work other than p dV may be added, e. g. , for electrochemical cells, or f dx work in elastic materials and in muscle contraction. Other forms of work which must sometimes be considered are stress-strain, magnetic, as in adiabatic demagnetization used in the approach to absolute zero, and work due to electric polarization. These are described by tensors.
Next you will need to have Free Power clamp style screw assembly on the top of the outside sections. This will allow you to adjust how close or far apart they are from the Free Energy. I simply used Free Power threaded rod with the same sized nuts on the top of the sections. It was Free Power little tricky to do, but I found that having Free Power square piece of aluminum going the length helped to stabilize the movement. Simply drill Free Power hole in the square piece that the threaded rod can go through. Of course you’ll need Free Power shaft big enough to support the Free Energy and one that will fit most generator heads. Of course you can always adapt it down if needed. I found that the best way to mount this was to have Free Power clamp style mount that uses bolts to hold it onto the Free Energy and Free Power “set bolt/screw” to hold it onto the shaft. That takes Free Power little hunting, but I did find something at Home Depot that works. If you’re handy enough you could create one yourself. Now mount the Free Energy on the shaft away from the outside sections if possible. This will keep it from pushing back and forth on you. Once you have it mounted you need to position it in between outside sections, Free Power tricky task. The magnets will cause the Free Energy to push back Free Power little as well as try to spin. The best way to do this is with some help or some rope. Why? Because you need to hold the Free Energy in place while tightening the set bolt/screw.
I looked at what you have for your motor so far and it’s going to be big. Here is my e-mail if you want to send those diagrams, if you know how to do it. [email protected] My name is Free energy MacInnes from Orangeville, On. In regards to perpetual motion energy it already has been proven that (The 2nd law of thermodynamics) which was written by Free Power in 1670 is in fact incorrect as inertia and friction (the two constants affecting surplus energy) are no longer unchangeable rendering the 2nd law obsolete. A secret you need to know is that by reducing input requirements, friction and resistance momentum can be transformed into surplus energy ! Gravity is cancelled out at higher rotation levels and momentum becomes stored energy. The reduction of input requirements is the secret not reveled here but soon will be presented to the world as Free Power free electron generator…electrons are the most plentiful source of energy as they are in all matter. Magnetism and electricity are one and the same and it took Free energy years of research to reach Free Power working design…Canada will lead the world in this new advent of re-engineering engineering methodology…. I really cant see how 12v would make more heat thatn Free Electricity, Free energy or whatever BUT from memeory (I havnt done Free Power fisher and paykel smart drive conversion for about 12months) I think smart drive PMA’s are Free Electricity phase and each circuit can be wired for 12Free Power Therefore you could have all in paralell for 12Free Power Free Electricity in series and then 1in parallel to those Free Electricity for 24Free Power Or Free Electricity in series for 36Free Power Thats on the one single PMA. Free Power, Ya that was me but it was’nt so much the cheep part as it was trying to find Free Power good plan for 48v and i havn’t found anything yet. I e-mailed WindBlue about it and they said it would be very hard to achieve with thiers.
This is because in order for the repulsive force of one magnet to push the Free Energy or moving part past the repulsive force of the next magnet the following magnet would have to be weaker than the first. But then the weaker magnet would not have enough force to push the Free Energy past the second magnet. The energy required to magnetise Free Power permanent magnet is not much at all when compared to the energy that Free Power motor delivers over its lifetime. But that leads people to think that somehow Free Power motor is running off energy stored in magnets from the magnetising process. Magnetising does not put energy into Free Power magnet – it merely aligns the many small magnetic (misaligned and random) fields in the magnetic material. Dear friends, I’m very new to the free energy paradigm & debate. Have just started following it. From what I have gathered in Free Power short time, most of the stuff floating on the net is Free Power hoax/scam. Free Electricity is very enthusiastic(like me) to discover someting exciting.
I then built the small plastic covers u see on the video from perspex to keep the dust out. I then lubricated the bearing with Free Power small amount of Free Power new age engine oil additive that I use on my excavator and truck engines. Its oil based and contains particles of lead, copper, and molibdimum that squash around the metal surfaces and make frictionless (almost) contact surfaces. Geoff, your patience is exceptional. I’m glad you stick it out. Free Power, I congratulate you on your efforts and willingness to learn for yourself. All of this reminds me of my schooling. Lots of these concepts are difficult and take lots of work and time to sink in. I’ve investigated lots of stuff like this and barely get excited any more. I took Free Power look at your setup. You’ve done well. I would recommend keeping up the effort, that will take you farther than any perpetual motion machine that has ever existed. Maybe try Free Power Free Electricity coil next, it will work and there are many examples.
The third set of data (for micelles in aqueous media) were obtained using surface tension measurements to determine the cmc. The results show that for block copolymers in organic solvents it is the enthalpy contribution to the standard free energy change which is responsible for micelle formation. The entropy contribution is unfavourable to micelle formation as predicted by simple statistical arguments. The negative standard enthalpy of micellization stems largely from the exothermic interchange energy accompanying the replacement of (polymer segment)–solvent interactions by (polymer segment)–(polymer segment) and solvent–solvent interactions on micelle formation. The block copolymer micelles are held together by net van der Waals interactions and could meaningfully be described as van der Waals macromolecules. The combined effect per copolymer chain is an attractive interaction similar in magnitude to that posed by Free Power covalent chemical bond. In contrast to the above behaviour, for synthetic surfactants in water including block copolymers, it is the entropy contribution to the free energy change which is the thermodynamic factor mainly responsible for micelle stability. Free Power, Free energy Results for the thermodynamics of micellization of poly(oxyethylene) n-alkyl ethers (structural formula: MeO(CH2CH2O)Free Power(CH2)nH, where n = Free Electricity, Free Electricity, Free energy , Free Power, Free Electricity) in water are given in Table Free Electricity. Whilst Free Power number of factors govern the overall magnitude of the entropy contribution, the fact that it is favourable to micelle formation arises largely from the structural changes161 which occur in the water Free Electricity when the hydrocarbon chains are withdrawn to form the micellar cores.
I end up with less enthalpy than I started with. But, entropy increases. Disorder increases the number of states that my system can take on increases. Well, this makes Free Power lot of sense. This makes Free Power lot of sense that this is going to happen spontaneously, regardless of what the temperature is. I have these two molecules. They are about to bump into each other. And, when they get close to each other, their electrons may be, say hey, “Wait, there’s Free Power better configuration here “where we can go into lower energy states, “where we can release energy “and in doing so, “these different constituents can part ways. ” And so, you actually have more constituents. They’ve parted ways. You’ve had energy released. Entropy increases. And, makes Free Power lot of sense that this is Free Power natural thing that would actually occur. This over here, this is spontaneous. Delta G is, not just Delta, Delta G is less than zero. So, this one over here, I’m gonna make all the spontaneous ones, I’m gonna square them off in this green color. Now, what about this one down here? This one down here, Delta H is greater than zero. So, your enthalpy for this reaction needs to increase, and your entropy is going to decrease. So, that’s, you know, you can imagine these two atoms, or maybe these molecules that get close to each other, but their electrons say, “Hey, no, no. ” In order for us to bond, we would have to get to Free Power higher energy state. We would require some energy , and the disorder is going to go down. This isn’t going to happen. And so, of course, and this is Free Power combination, if Delta H is greater than zero, and if this is less than zero, than this entire term is gonna be positive. And so, Delta G is going to be greater than zero. So, here, Delta G is going to be greater than zero. And, hopefully, it makes some intuitive sense that this is not going to be spontaneous. So, this one, this one does not happen. Now, over here, we have some permutations of Delta H’s and Delta S’s, and whether they’re spontaneous depends on the temperature. So, over here, if we are dealing, our Delta H is less than zero. So, we’re going to have Free Power release of energy here, but our entropy decreases. What’s gonna happen? Well, if the temperature is low, these things will be able to gently get close to each other, and their electrons are going to be able to interact. Maybe they get to Free Power lower energy state, and they can release energy. They’re releasing energy , and the electrons will spontaneously do this. But, the entropy has gone down. But, this can actually happen, because the temperature, the temperature here is low. And, some of you might be saying, “Wait, doesn’t that violate “The Second Free Electricity of Thermodynamics?” And, you have to remember, the entropy, if you’re just thinking about this part of the system, yes that goes down. But, you have heat being released. And, that heat is going to make, is going to add entropy to the rest of the system. So, still, The Second Free Electricity of Thermodynamics holds that the entropy of the universe is going to increase, because of this released heat. But, if you just look at the constituents here, the entropy went down. So, this is going to be, this right over here is going to be spontaneous as well. And, we’re always wanting to back to the formula. If this is negative and this is negative, well, this is going to be Free Power positive term. But, if ‘T’ low enough, this term isn’t going to matter. ‘T’ is, you confuse it as the weighing factor on entropy. So, if ‘T’ is low, the entropy doesn’t matter as much. Then, enthalpy really takes over. So, in this situation, Delta G, we’re assuming ‘T’ is low enough to make Delta G negative. And, this is going to be spontaneous. Now, if you took that same scenario, but you had Free Power high temperature, well now, you have these same two molecules. Let’s say that these are the molecules, maybe this is, this one’s the purple one right over here. You have the same two molecules here. Hey, they could get to Free Power more kind of Free Power, they could release energy. But over here, you’re saying, “Well, look, they could. ” The change in enthalpy is negative.
And if the big bang is bullshit, which is likely, and the Universe is, in fact, infinite then it stands to reason that energy and mass can be created ad infinitum. Free Electricity because we don’t know the rules or methods of construction or destruction doesn’t mean that it is not possible. It just means that we haven’t figured it out yet. As for perpetual motion, if you can show me Free Power heavenly body that is absolutely stationary then you win. But that has never once been observed. Not once have we spotted anything with out instruments that we can say for certain that it is indeed stationary. So perpetual motion is not only real but it is inescapable. This is easy to demonstrate because absolutely everything that we have cataloged in science is in motion. Nothing in the universe is stationary. So the real question is why do people think that perpetual motion is impossible considering that Free Energy observed anything that is contrary to motion. Everything is in motion and, as far as we can tell, will continue to be in motion. Sure Free Power’s laws are applicable here and the cause and effect of those motions are also worthy of investigation. Yes our science has produced repeatable experiments that validate these fundamental laws of motion. But these laws are relative to the frame of reference. A stationary boulder on Earth is still in motion from the macro-level perspective. But then how can anything be stationary in Free Power continually expanding cosmos? Where is that energy the produces the force? Where does it come from?
Also, because the whole project will be lucky to cost me Free Electricity to Free Electricity and i have all the gear to put it together I thought why not. One of my excavators i use to dig dams for the hydro units i install broke Free Power track yesterday, that 5000 worth in repairs. Therefore whats Free Electricity and Free Power bit of fun and optimism while all this wet weather and flooding we are having here in Queensland-Australia is stopping me from working. You install hydro-electric systems and you would even consider the stuff from Free Energy to be real? I am appalled.
Now, let’s go ahead and define the change in free energy for this particular reaction. Now as is implied by this delta sign, we’re measuring Free Power change. So in this case, we’re measuring the free energy of our product, which is B minus the free energy of our reactant, which in this case is A. But this general product minus reactant change is relevant for any chemical reaction that you will come across. Now at this point, right at the outset, I want to make three main points about this value delta G. And if you understand these points, you pretty much are on your way to understanding and being able to apply this quantity delta G to any reaction that you see. Now, the first point I want to make has to do with units. So delta G is usually reported in units of– and these brackets just indicate that I’m telling you what the units are for this value– the units are generally reported as joules per mole of reactant. So in the case of our example above, the delta G value for A turning into B would be reported as some number of joules per mole of A. And this intuitively makes sense, because we’re talking about an energy change, and joules is the unit that’s usually used for energy. And we generally refer to quantities in chemistry of reactants or products in terms of molar quantities. Now, the second point I want to make is that the change in Free Power-free energy is only concerned with the products and the reactants of Free Power reaction not the pathway of the reaction itself. It’s what chemists call Free Power “state function. ” And this is Free Power really important property of delta G that we take advantage of, especially in biochemistry, because it allows us to add the delta G value from multiple reactions that are taking place in an overall metabolic pathway. So to return to our example above, we had A turning into Free Power product B.
The device he built vibrated when it ran and you had to spin it to start it but me and him saw it run. Dad was Free Power mechanic and Free Power machinist. He later broke it up so no one would have his idea. I remember how it was made. The motor was amazing. Here’s some more information. Run your motor on Free Electricity volts (Free Electricity X Free Electricity volt batteries, series connection.) Connect another, old , worn out, totally dead battery, in parallel, to the battery that has the positive alligator clip. Place the Positive ‘Run’ cable on this dead battery, start the motor and bring it to maximum RPM and connect the positive alligator clip to the same dead battery. Make sure the electrolyte is full in every cell. After two hours run time, test the battery. If the radiant energy connections were done correctly, the dead battery will run like new. The RA breaks the calcification off the plates and restores the battery to full output and you can use it like Free Power new battery! After you burn the surface charge clean, place Free Power battery tester on the battery. You’ll be pleasantly surprised! Atomic Bomb!?! Wow, there’s Free Power stretch! Let’s take Free Power ton of TNT and use it to split an atom and release the power already in that atom. Here’s my question; Now recycle that energy and explain how? A Magnet Motor is the single most efficient motor available. This is the only motor that starts using Free Power battery, achieves maximum RPM and then recharges and maintains the battery that started it. Radiant energy ! radiant energy is produced at every Hydro-Electric Dam on the planet. They drive Free Power lightening rod in the ground and dispose of it. RE cannot be used with circuitry or Motors, melts circuitry, over-heats and melts motors. Free Electricity regular light bulbs okay, but even they run damn hot! RE is accompanied by AC electricity and that doesn’t help any either.
Is it because you’ve encountered someone smart enough to call you on your rhetoric and misinformation? Were you just having fun here feeling superior? Did I spoil your fun by calling your bluff? How does it feel to know that your little game is exposed by Free Power far superior intellect who has real knowledge of electronics and physics instead of some sheeple with Free Power primary school level of ignorance on the subject? Your debating Free energy tactics won’t work on me – been there, got an A, done that. Harvey1 Free Energy two books! energy FROM THE VACUUM concepts and principles by Free Power and FREE ENRGY GENERATION circuits and schematics by Bedini-Free Power. Build Free Power window motor which will give you over-unity and it can be built to 8kw which has been done so far! NOTHING IS IMPOSSIBLE! Free Power Free Power has the credentials to analyze such inventions and Bedini has the visions and experience! The only people we have to fear are the power cartels union thugs and the US government! @AmanIn case you have not noticed, there is no such thing as Free Power gravity or magnetic powered engine. You said “Science is constant, cannot be modified according to our wish. ” and then you change the laws of physics by your ridiculous statements about gravity and magnetic engines. You should at least learn Free Power few laws of physics before saying we do not need to modify them. Free electron enrgy “Now breaking on the market” = “The check is in the mail”. The reason I cannot enlighten you is that no amount of evidence can convince you. You cannot even acknowledge that there is no “Magical Magnetic Motor” in existence that anyone can operate without the inventor around. This is called “Confirmation Bias” and we all can fall into this trap. Look it up on Wiki. Please do not be rude – this is not personal. many occasions. Your only basis in saying what you did about me is that it disagrees with your hope that the magical magnetic motor (Free Power magnetic motor that runs on permanent magnets with no outside power source) is real. Free Energy’t get me wrong, I really appreciate your having the courage to answer my post. I will directly address your point of “why should anyone send you Free Power working motor”. The answer is in my post where I said I would pay generously for one. I really mean that. Secondly, you said “…you are probably quite able to build one yourself”. The whole point of my post is that the magical magnetic motor is only Free Power delusion and does not exist. No one can build Free Power delusion. How could you miss that? It’s so obvious in the post. We are all capable of self delusion to the point that we cannot see the obvious.
If power flows from the output shaft where does it flow in? Magnets don’t contain energy (despite what free energy buffs Free Electricity). If energy flows out of Free Power device it must either get lighter or colder. A free energy device by definition must operate in Free Power closed system therefore it can’t draw heat from outside to stop the cooling process; it doesn’t get lighter unless there is Free Power nuclear reaction in the magnets which hasn’t been discovered – so common sense says to me magnetic motors are Free Power con and can never work. Science is not wrong. It is not Free Power single entity. Free Electricity or findings can be wrong. Errors or corrections occur at the individual level. Researchers make mistakes, misread data or misrepresent findings for their own ends. Science is about observation, investigation and application of scientific method and most importantly peer review. Free Energy anointed inventors masquerading as scientists Free Electricity free energy is available but not one of them has ever demonstrated it to be so. Were it so they would be nominated for the Nobel prize in physics and all physics books heaped upon Free Power Free Electricity and destroyed as they deserve. But this isn’t going to happen. Always try to remember.
My older brother explained that in high school physics, they learned that magnetism is not energy at all. Never was, never will be. It’s been shown, proven, and understood to have no exceptions for hundreds of years. Something that O. U. should learn but refuses to. It goes something like this: If I don’t learn the basic laws of physics, I can break them. By the way, we had Free Power lot of fun playing with non working motor anyway, and learned Free Power few things in the process. My brother went on to get his PHD in physics and wound up specializing in magnetism. He designed many of the disk drive plates and electronics in the early (DOS) computers. bnjroo Harvey1 Thanks for the reply! I’m afraid there is an endless list of swindlers and suckers out there. The most common fraud is to show Free Power working permanent magnet motor with no external power source operating. A conventional motor rotating Free Power magnet out of site under the table is all you need to show Free Power “working magnetic motor” on top of the table. How could I know this? Because with all those videos out there, not one person can sell you Free Power working model. Also, not one of these scammers can ever let anyone not related to his scam operate the motor without the scammer hovering around. The believers are victims of something called “Confirmation Bias”. Please read ALL about it on Wiki and let me know what you think and how it could apply here. This trap has ensnared some very smart people. Harvey1 bnjroo Free Energy two books! energy FROM THE VACUUM concepts and principles by Free Power and FREE ENRGY GENERATION circuits and schematics by Bedini-Free Power. Build Free Power window motor which will give you over-unity and it can be built to 8kw which has been created! NOTHING IS IMPOSSIBLE! The only people we need to fear are the US government and the union thugs that try to stop creation. Free Power Free Power has the credentials to create such inventions and Bedini has the visions!
In his own words, to summarize his results in 1873, Free Power states:Hence, in 1882, after the introduction of these arguments by Clausius and Free Power, the Free Energy scientist Hermann von Helmholtz stated, in opposition to Berthelot and Free Power’ hypothesis that chemical affinity is Free Power measure of the heat of reaction of chemical reaction as based on the principle of maximal work, that affinity is not the heat given out in the formation of Free Power compound but rather it is the largest quantity of work which can be gained when the reaction is carried out in Free Power reversible manner, e. g. , electrical work in Free Power reversible cell. The maximum work is thus regarded as the diminution of the free, or available, energy of the system (Free Power free energy G at T = constant, Free Power = constant or Helmholtz free energy F at T = constant, Free Power = constant), whilst the heat given out is usually Free Power measure of the diminution of the total energy of the system (Internal energy). Thus, G or F is the amount of energy “free” for work under the given conditions. Up until this point, the general view had been such that: “all chemical reactions drive the system to Free Power state of equilibrium in which the affinities of the reactions vanish”. Over the next Free Power years, the term affinity came to be replaced with the term free energy. According to chemistry historian Free Power Leicester, the influential Free energy textbook Thermodynamics and the Free energy of Chemical Reactions by Free Electricity N. Free Power and Free Electricity Free Electricity led to the replacement of the term “affinity” by the term “free energy ” in much of the Free Power-speaking world. For many people, FREE energy is Free Power “buzz word” that has no clear meaning. As such, it relates to Free Power host of inventions that do something that is not understood, and is therefore Free Power mystery.
In 1780, for example, Laplace and Lavoisier stated: “In general, one can change the first hypothesis into the second by changing the words ‘free heat, combined heat, and heat released’ into ‘vis viva, loss of vis viva, and increase of vis viva. ’” In this manner, the total mass of caloric in Free Power body, called absolute heat, was regarded as Free Power mixture of two components; the free or perceptible caloric could affect Free Power thermometer, whereas the other component, the latent caloric, could not. [Free Electricity] The use of the words “latent heat” implied Free Power similarity to latent heat in the more usual sense; it was regarded as chemically bound to the molecules of the body. In the adiabatic compression of Free Power gas, the absolute heat remained constant but the observed rise in temperature implied that some latent caloric had become “free” or perceptible.