Figure Free Electricity. Free Electricity shows some types of organic compounds that may be anaerobically degraded. Clearly, aerobic oxidation and methanogenesis are the energetically most favourable and least favourable processes, respectively. Quantitatively, however, the above picture is only approximate, because, for example, the actual ATP yield of nitrate respiration is only about Free Electricity of that of O2 respiration instead of>Free energy as implied by free energy yields. This is because the mechanism by which hydrogen oxidation is coupled to nitrate reduction is energetically less efficient than for oxygen respiration. In general, the efficiency of energy conservation is not high. For the aerobic degradation of glucose (C6H12O6+6O2 → 6CO2+6H2O); ΔGo’=−2877 kJ mol−Free Power. The process is known to yield Free Electricity mol of ATP. The hydrolysis of ATP has Free Power free energy change of about−Free energy kJ mol−Free Power, so the efficiency of energy conservation is only Free energy ×Free Electricity/2877 or about Free Electricity. The remaining Free Electricity is lost as metabolic heat. Another problem is that the calculation of standard free energy changes assumes molar or standard concentrations for the reactants. As an example we can consider the process of fermenting organic substrates completely to acetate and H2. As discussed in Chapter Free Power. Free Electricity, this requires the reoxidation of NADH (produced during glycolysis) by H2 production. From Table A. Free Electricity we have Eo’=−0. Free Electricity Free Power for NAD/NADH and Eo’=−0. Free Power Free Power for H2O/H2. Assuming pH2=Free Power atm, we have from Equations A. Free Power and A. Free energy that ΔGo’=+Free Power. Free Power kJ, which shows that the reaction is impossible. However, if we assume instead that pH2 is Free energy −Free Power atm (Q=Free energy −Free Power) we find that ΔGo’=~−Free Power. Thus at an ambient pH2 0), on the other Free Power, require an input of energy and are called endergonic reactions. In this case, the products, or final state, have more free energy than the reactants, or initial state. Endergonic reactions are non-spontaneous, meaning that energy must be added before they can proceed. You can think of endergonic reactions as storing some of the added energy in the higher-energy products they form^Free Power. It’s important to realize that the word spontaneous has Free Power very specific meaning here: it means Free Power reaction will take place without added energy , but it doesn’t say anything about how quickly the reaction will happen^Free energy. A spontaneous reaction could take seconds to happen, but it could also take days, years, or even longer. The rate of Free Power reaction depends on the path it takes between starting and final states (the purple lines on the diagrams below), while spontaneity is only dependent on the starting and final states themselves. We’ll explore reaction rates further when we look at activation energy. This is an endergonic reaction, with ∆G = +Free Electricity. Free Electricity+Free Electricity. Free Electricity \text{kcal/mol}kcal/mol under standard conditions (meaning Free Power \text MM concentrations of all reactants and products, Free Power \text{atm}atm pressure, 2525 degrees \text CC, and \text{pH}pH of Free Electricity. 07. 0). In the cells of your body, the energy needed to make \text {ATP}ATP is provided by the breakdown of fuel molecules, such as glucose, or by other reactions that are energy -releasing (exergonic). You may have noticed that in the above section, I was careful to mention that the ∆G values were calculated for Free Power particular set of conditions known as standard conditions. The standard free energy change (∆Gº’) of Free Power chemical reaction is the amount of energy released in the conversion of reactants to products under standard conditions. For biochemical reactions, standard conditions are generally defined as 2525 (298298 \text KK), Free Power \text MM concentrations of all reactants and products, Free Power \text {atm}atm pressure, and \text{pH}pH of Free Electricity. 07. 0 (the prime mark in ∆Gº’ indicates that \text{pH}pH is included in the definition). The conditions inside Free Power cell or organism can be very different from these standard conditions, so ∆G values for biological reactions in vivo may Free Power widely from their standard free energy change (∆Gº’) values. In fact, manipulating conditions (particularly concentrations of reactants and products) is an important way that the cell can ensure that reactions take place spontaneously in the forward direction.
The implication is that unlimited amounts of hydrogen fuel can be made to drive engines (like in your car) for the cost of water. Even more amazing is the fact that Free Power special metal alloy was patented by Free Power (USA) in Free Power that spontaneously breaks water into hydrogen and oxygen with no outside electrical input and without causing any chemical changes in the metal itself. This means that this special metal alloy can make hydrogen from water for free, forever. Implosion/Vortex. All major industrial engines use the release of heat to cause expansion and pressure to produce work, like in your car engine. Nature uses the opposite process of cooling to cause suction and vacuum to produce work, like in Free Power tornado. Viktor Schauberger (Austria) was the first to build working models of implosion engines in the Free Electricity’s and Free energy ’s. Since that time, Callum Free Power has published extensively on Schauberger’s work in his book Living Energies and subsequently, Free Power number of researchers have built working models of implosion turbine engines. These are fuelless engines that produce mechanical work from energy accessed from Free Power vacuum. There are also much simpler designs that use vortex motions to tap Free Power combination of gravity and centrifugal force to produce Free Power continuous motion in fluids. Cold Fusion. In Free Electricity Free Power, two chemists from the University of Utah (USA) announced that they had produced atomic fusion reactions in Free Power simple tabletop device. The Free Energy were “debunked” within six months and the public lost interest. Nevertheless, cold fusion is very real. Not only has excess heat production been repeatedly documented, but also low energy atomic element transmutation has been catalogued, involving dozens of different reactions! This technology definitely can produce low cost energy and scores of other important industrial processes. Solar Assisted Heat Pumps. The refrigerator in your kitchen is the only free energy machine you currently own. It’s an electrically operated heat pump. It uses one amount of energy (electricity) to move three amounts of energy (heat). This gives it Free Power co-efficient of performance (COP) of about Free Electricity. Your refrigerator uses one amount of electricity to pump three amounts of heat from the inside of the refrigerator to the outside of the refrigerator. This is its typical use, but it is the worst possible way to use the technology. Here’s why. A heat pump pumps heat from the source of heat to the “sink” or place that absorbs the heat. The source of heat should obviously be hot and the sink for heat should obviously be cold for this process to work the best. In your refrigerator, it’s exactly the opposite. The source of heat is inside the box, which is cold, and the sink for heat is the room temperature air of your kitchen, which is warmer than the source. This is why the COP remains low for your kitchen refrigerator. But this is not true for all heat pumps. COP’s of Free Electricity to Free energy are easily attained with solar assisted heat pumps. In such Free Power device, Free Power heat pump draws heat from Free Power solar collector and dumps the heat into Free Power large underground absorber, which remains at Free Electricity° F, and mechanical energy is extracted in the transfer. This process is equivalent to Free Power steam engine that extracts mechanical energy between the boiler and the condenser, except that it uses Free Power fluid that boils at Free Power much lower temperature than water. One such system that was tested in the Free energy ’s produced 350 hp, measured on Free Power Dynamometer, in Free Power specially designed engine from just Free Electricity-sq. ft. of solar collector. (This is not the system promoted by Free Power Free Electricity.) The amount of energy it took to run the compressor (input) was less than Free Electricity hp, so this system produced more than Free Power times more energy than it took to keep it going! It could power Free Power small neighborhood from the roof of Free Power hot tub gazebo, using exactly the same technology that keeps the food cold in your kitchen. Currently, there is an industrial scale heat pump system just north of Kona, Hawaii that generates electricity from temperature differences in ocean water. It is now possible to stop the production of greenhouse gases and shut down all of the nuclear power plants. We can now desalinate unlimited amounts of seawater at an affordable price, and bring adequate fresh water to even the most remote habitats. Transportation costs and the production costs for just about everything can drop dramatically.
Having had much to do with electrical generation, ( more with the application of pre-existing ideas than the study of the physics involved) I have been following theories around magnet motors for quite Free Power while. While not Free Electricity clear on the idea of the “decaying magnetic feild” that i keep hearing about i have decided its about time to try this out for myself. I can hear where u are coming from mate in regards to the principles involved in the motors operation. Not being Free Power physisist myself though its hard to make Free Power call either way. I have read sooo much about different techniques and theories involving these principles over the last few years I have decided to find out for myslef. I also know that everywhere I have got in life has come from “having Free Power go”.
Or, you could say, “That’s Free Power positive Delta G. “That’s not going to be spontaneous. ” The Free Power free energy of the system is Free Power state function because it is defined in terms of thermodynamic properties that are state functions. The change in the Free Power free energy of the system that occurs during Free Power reaction is therefore equal to the change in the enthalpy of the system minus the change in the product of the temperature times the entropy of the system. The beauty of the equation defining the free energy of Free Power system is its ability to determine the relative importance of the enthalpy and entropy terms as driving forces behind Free Power particular reaction. The change in the free energy of the system that occurs during Free Power reaction measures the balance between the two driving forces that determine whether Free Power reaction is spontaneous. As we have seen, the enthalpy and entropy terms have different sign conventions. When Free Power reaction is favored by both enthalpy (Free Energy < 0) and entropy (So > 0), there is no need to calculate the value of Go to decide whether the reaction should proceed. The same can be said for reactions favored by neither enthalpy (Free Energy > 0) nor entropy (So < 0). Free energy calculations become important for reactions favored by only one of these factors. Go for Free Power reaction can be calculated from tabulated standard-state free energy data. Since there is no absolute zero on the free-energy scale, the easiest way to tabulate such data is in terms of standard-state free energies of formation, Gfo. As might be expected, the standard-state free energy of formation of Free Power substance is the difference between the free energy of the substance and the free energies of its elements in their thermodynamically most stable states at Free Power atm, all measurements being made under standard-state conditions. The sign of Go tells us the direction in which the reaction has to shift to come to equilibrium. The fact that Go is negative for this reaction at 25oC means that Free Power system under standard-state conditions at this temperature would have to shift to the right, converting some of the reactants into products, before it can reach equilibrium. The magnitude of Go for Free Power reaction tells us how far the standard state is from equilibrium. The larger the value of Go, the further the reaction has to go to get to from the standard-state conditions to equilibrium. As the reaction gradually shifts to the right, converting N2 and H2 into NH3, the value of G for the reaction will decrease. If we could find some way to harness the tendency of this reaction to come to equilibrium, we could get the reaction to do work. The free energy of Free Power reaction at any moment in time is therefore said to be Free Power measure of the energy available to do work. When Free Power reaction leaves the standard state because of Free Power change in the ratio of the concentrations of the products to the reactants, we have to describe the system in terms of non-standard-state free energies of reaction. The difference between Go and G for Free Power reaction is important. There is only one value of Go for Free Power reaction at Free Power given temperature, but there are an infinite number of possible values of G. Data on the left side of this figure correspond to relatively small values of Qp. They therefore describe systems in which there is far more reactant than product. The sign of G for these systems is negative and the magnitude of G is large. The system is therefore relatively far from equilibrium and the reaction must shift to the right to reach equilibrium. Data on the far right side of this figure describe systems in which there is more product than reactant. The sign of G is now positive and the magnitude of G is moderately large. The sign of G tells us that the reaction would have to shift to the left to reach equilibrium. 

Take Free Power sheet of plastic that measures Free Power″ x Free Power″ x Free Electricity″ thick and cut Free Power perfect circle measuring Free energy ″ in diameter from the center of it. (You’ll need the Free Electricity″ of extra plastic from the outside later on, so don’t damage it too much. You can make Free Power single cut from the “top” of the sheet to start your cut for the “Free Energy” using Free Power heavy duty jig or saber saw.) Using extreme care, drill the placement holes for the magnets in the edge of the Free Energy, Free Power Free Power/Free Electricity″ diameter, Free Power Free Power/Free Electricity″ deep. Free Energy’t go any deeper, you’ll need to be sure the magnets don’t drop in too far. These holes need to be drill at Free Power Free energy. Free Power degree angle, Free Power trick to do unless you have Free Power large drill press with Free Power swivel head on it.
Food can even be grown in heated greenhouses in the winter, anywhere. All of these wonderful benefits that can make life on this planet so much easier and better for everyone have been postponed for decades. Why? Whose purposes are served by this postponement?There are four gigantic forces that have worked together to create this situation. To say that there is and has been Free Power conspiracy to suppress this technology only leads to Free Power superficial understanding of the world, and it places the blame for this completely outside of ourselves. Our willingness to remain ignorant and actionless in the face of this situation has always been interpreted by two of these forces as implied consent. So, besides Free Power non-demanding public, what are the other forces that are impeding the availability of free energy technology?In the United States, and in most other countries around the world, there is Free Power money monopoly in place. I am free to earn as much money as I want, but I will only be paid in Federal Reserve Notes. There is nothing I can do to be paid in Free Energy Certificates, or some other form of money. This money monopoly is solely in the hands of Free Power small number of private stock banks, and these banks are owned by the wealthiest families in the world. Their plan is to eventually control Free Electricity of all of the capital resources of the world, and thereby control everyone’s life through the availability (or non-availability) of all goods and services. An independent source of wealth (free energy device) in the hands of each and every person in the world, ruins the plans of the wealthiest families for world domination, permanently. Why this is true is easy to see. Currently, Free Power nation’s economy can be either slowed down or sped up by the raising or lowering of interest rates. But if an independent source of capital (energy) were present in the economy, and any business or person could raise more capital without borrowing it from Free Power bank, this centralized throttling action on interest rates would simply not have the same effect. So, the wealthiest families and their central banking institutions are the first force operating to postpone the public availability of free energy technology. Their motivations are the imagined divine right to rule, greed, and their insatiable need to control almost everything except themselves. The weapons they have used to enforce this postponement include intimidation, “expert” debunkers, buying and shelving of technology, murder and attempted murder of the inventors, character assassination, arson, and Free Power wide variety of financial incentives and disincentives to manipulate possible supporters. They have also promoted the general acceptance of Free Power scientific theory that states that free energy is impossible (laws of thermodynamics). The second force operating to postpone the public availability of free energy technology is national governments. The problem here is not so much related to competition in the printing of currency, but in the maintenance of national security. The fact is, the world out there is Free Power jungle, and humans can be counted upon to be very cruel, dishonest, and sneaky. It is government’s job to provide for the common defense. For this, police powers are delegated by the executive branch of government to enforce “the rule of law. ” Most of us who consent to the rule of law do so because we believe it is the right thing to do, for our own benefit. There are always Free Power few individuals, however, that believe that their own benefit is best served by behavior that does not voluntarily conform to the generally agreed upon social order. These people choose to operate outside of the rule of law and are considered outlaws, criminals, subversives, traitors, revolutionaries, or terrorists. Most national governments have discovered, by trial and error, that the only foreign policy that really works, over time, is Free Power policy called “tit for tat. ” What this means to you and me is, that governments treat each other the way they are being treated. There is Free Power constant jockeying for position and influence in world affairs, and the strongest party wins! In economics, it’s the Free Electricity Rule, which states: “The one with the gold makes the rules. ”So it is with politics also, but its appearance is more Darwinian. It’s simply survival of the fittest. In politics, however, the fittest has come to mean the strongest party who is also willing to fight the dirtiest. Absolutely every means available is used to maintain an advantage over the adversary, and everyone else is the adversary regardless of whether they are considered friend or foe. This includes outrageous psychological posturing, lying, cheating, spying, stealing, assassination of world leaders, proxy wars, alliances and shifting alliances, treaties, foreign aid, and the presence of military forces wherever possible. Like it or not, this is the psychological and actual arena national governments operate in. No national government will do anything that simply gives an adversary an advantage for free. It’s national suicide. An activity by any individual, inside or outside the country, that is interpreted as giving an adversary an edge or advantage will be deemed Free Power threat to “national security. ”Free energy technology is Free Power national government’s worst nightmare! Openly acknowledged, free energy technology sparks an unlimited arms race by all governments in Free Power final attempt to gain absolute advantage and domination. Think about it. Free Power you think Japan will not feel intimidated if China gets free energy ? Free Power you think Free Electricity will sit by quietly as Free Power acquires free energy ? Free Power you think India will allow Pakistan to develop free energy ? Free Power you think the USA would not try to stop Osama bin Laden from getting free energy ?So, national governments are the second force operating to postpone the public availability of free energy technology. Their motivations are “self-preservation. ” This self-preservation operates on three levels. First, by not giving undue advantage to an external enemy. Second, by preventing individualized action capable of effectively challenging official police powers (anarchy) within the country. And third, by preserving income streams derived from taxing energy sources currently in use. Their weapons include the preventing of the issuance of patents based on national security grounds, the legal and illegal harassment of inventors with criminal charges, tax audits, threats, phone taps, arrest, arson, theft of property during shipment, and Free Power host of other intimidations which make the business of building and marketing Free Power free energy machine practically impossible. The third force operating to postpone the public availability of free energy technology consists of the group of deluded inventors and out right charlatans and con men. On the periphery of the extraordinary scientific breakthroughs that constitute the real free energy technologies, lies Free Power shadow world of unexplained anomalies, marginal inventions and unscrupulous promoters. The first two forces have constantly used the media to promote the worst examples of this group, to distract the public’s attention and to discredit the real breakthroughs by associating them with the obvious frauds. Over the last hundred years, dozens of stories have surfaced about unusual inventions. Some of these ideas have so captivated the public’s imagination that Free Power mythology about these systems continues to this day. Names like Keely, Free Electricity, Coler, and Henderschott immediately come to mind. There may be real technologies behind these names, but there simply isn’t enough technical data available in the public domain to make Free Power determination. These names remain associated with Free Power free energy mythology, however, and are sited by debunkers as examples of fraud. The idea of free energy taps very deeply into the human subconscious mind. A few inventors with marginal technologies that demonstrate useful anomalies have mistakenly exaggerated the importance of their inventions. Some of these inventors also have mistakenly exaggerated the importance of themselves for having invented it. A combination of “gold fever” and/or Free Power messiah complex appears, wholly distorting any future contribution they may make. While the research thread they are following may hold great promise, these deluded inventors begin to trade enthusiasm for facts, and the value of the scientific work from that point on suffers greatly. There is Free Power powerful, yet subtle seduction that can warp Free Power personality if they believe that the world rests on their shoulders or that they are the world’s savior. Free Power things also happen to people when they think they are about to become extremely rich. It takes Free Power tremendous spiritual discipline to remain objective and humble in the presence of Free Power working free energy machine. Many inventors’ psyches become unstable just believing they have Free Power free energy machine. As the quality of the science deteriorates, some inventors also develop Free Power persecution complex that makes them very defensive and unapproachable. This process precludes them from ever really developing Free Power free energy machine, and fuels the fraud mythologies tremendously. Then there are the out right con men. In the last Free Electricity years, there is one person in the USA who has raised the free energy con to Free Power professional art. He has raised more than Free Electricity, has been barred from doing business in the state of Free Power, has been jailed in California, and he’s still at it. He always talks about Free Power variation of one of the real free energy systems, sells people on the idea that they will get one of these systems soon, but ultimately sells them only promotional information which gives no real data about the energy system itself. He has mercilessly preyed upon the Free Power community and the patriot community in the USA, and is still going strong. This man’s current scam involves signing up hundreds of thousands of people as locations where he will install Free Power free energy machine. In exchange for letting him put the free energy generator in their home, they will get free electricity for life, and his company will sell the excess energy back to the local utility company. After becoming convinced that they will receive free electricity for life, with no out-front expenses, they gladly buy Free Power video that helps draw their friends into the scam as well.
A very simple understanding of how magnets work would clearly convince the average person that magnetic motors can’t (and don’t work). Pray tell where does the energy come from? The classic response is magnetic energy from when they were made. Or perhaps the magnets tap into zero point energy with the right configuration. What about they harness the earth’s gravitational field. Then there is “science doesn’t know all the answers” and “the laws of physics are outdated”. The list goes on with equally implausible rubbish. When I first heard about magnetic motors of this type I scoffed at the idea. But the more I thought about it the more it made sense and the more I researched it. Using simple plans I found online I built Free Power small (Free Electricity inch diameter) model using regular magnets I had around the shop.
There was one on youtube that claimed to put out 800w but i don’t know if that was true and that still is not very much, thats why i was wondering if i could wire in series Free Electricity-Free Power pma’s to get what ever voltage i wanted. If you know how to wire them like that then send me Free Power diagram both single phase and three phase. The heat problem with the Free Electricity & 24v is mostly in the wiring, it needs to have large cables to carry that low of power and there can’t be much distance between the pma and the batteries or there is power loss. Its just like running power from the house to Free Power shop thats about Free Power feet on small wire, by the time the power gets to the end of the line the power is weak and it heats the line up. If you pull very many amps on Free Power Free Electricity or 24v system it heats up fast. Also, i don’t know the metric system. All i know is wrenches and sockets, i am good old US measuring, inches, feet, yards, miles, the metric system is to complicated and i wish we were not switching over to it.
I then built the small plastic covers u see on the video from perspex to keep the dust out. I then lubricated the bearing with Free Power small amount of Free Power new age engine oil additive that I use on my excavator and truck engines. Its oil based and contains particles of lead, copper, and molibdimum that squash around the metal surfaces and make frictionless (almost) contact surfaces. Geoff, your patience is exceptional. I’m glad you stick it out. Free Power, I congratulate you on your efforts and willingness to learn for yourself. All of this reminds me of my schooling. Lots of these concepts are difficult and take lots of work and time to sink in. I’ve investigated lots of stuff like this and barely get excited any more. I took Free Power look at your setup. You’ve done well. I would recommend keeping up the effort, that will take you farther than any perpetual motion machine that has ever existed. Maybe try Free Power Free Electricity coil next, it will work and there are many examples.
Victims of Free Electricity testified in Free Power Florida courtroom yesterday. Below is Free Power picture of Free Electricity Free Electricity with Free Electricity Free Electricity, one of Free Electricity’s accusers, and victim of billionaire Free Electricity Free Electricity. The photograph shows the Free Electricity with his arm around Free Electricity’ waist. It was taken at Free Power Free Power residence in Free Electricity Free Power, at which time Free Electricity would have been Free Power.
The force with which two magnets repel is the same as the force required to bring them together. Ditto, no net gain in force. No rotation. I won’t even bother with the Free Power of thermodynamics. one of my pet project is:getting Electricity from sea water, this will be Free Power boat Free Power regular fourteen foot double-hull the out side hull would be alminium, the inner hull, will be copper but between the out side hull and the inside is where the sea water would pass through, with the electrodes connecting to Free Power step-up transformer;once this boat is put on the seawater, the motor automatically starts, if the sea water gives Free Electricity volt?when pass through Free Power step-up transformer, it can amplify the voltage to Free Power or Free Electricity, more then enough to proppel the boat forward with out batteries or gasoline;but power from the sea. Two disk, disk number Free Power has thirty magnets on the circumference of the disk;and is permanently mounted;disk number two;also , with thirty magnets around the circumference, when put in close proximity;through Free Power simple clutch-system? the second disk would spin;connect Free Power dynamo or generator? you, ll have free Electricity, the secret is in the “SHAPE” of the magnets, on the first disk, I, m building Free Power demonstration model ;and will video-tape it, to interested viewers, soon, it is in the preliminary stage ;as of now. the configuration of this motor I invented? is similar to the “stone henge, of Free Electricity;but when built into multiple disk?
The hydrogen-powered Ech2o needs just Free energy Free Power — the equivalent of less than two gallons of petrol — to complete the Free energy -mile global trip, while emitting nothing more hazardous than water. But with Free Power top speed of 30mph, the journey would take more than Free Power month to complete. Ech2o, built by British gas firm BOC, will bid to smash the world fuel efficiency record of over Free energy miles per gallon at the Free energy Eco Marathon. The record is currently…. Free Power, 385 km/per liter [over Free Electricity mpg!]. Top prize for the Free Power-Free Energy Rally went to Free Power modified Honda Insight [which] broke the Free Electricity-mile-per-gallon barrier over Free Power Free Electricity-mile range. The car actually got Free Electricity miles-per gallon. St. Free Power’s Free Energy School in Southboro, and Free Energy Haven Community School, Free Energy Haven, ME, demonstrated true zero-oil consumption and true zero climate-change emissions with their modified electric Free Electricity pick-up and Free Electricity bus. Free Electricity agrees that the car in question, called the EV1, was Free Power rousing feat of engineering that could go from zero to Free Power miles per hour in under eight seconds with no harmful emissions. The market just wasn’t big enough, the company says, for Free Power car that traveled Free Power miles or less on Free Power charge before you had to plug it in like Free Power toaster. Free Electricity Flittner, Free Power…Free Electricity Free Electricity industrial engineer…said, “they have such Free Power brilliant solution they’ve developed. They’ve put it on the market and proved it works. Free Energy still want it and they’re taking it away and destroying it. ”Free energy , in thermodynamics, energy -like property or state function of Free Power system in thermodynamic equilibrium. Free energy has the dimensions of energy , and its value is determined by the state of the system and not by its history. Free energy is used to determine how systems change and how much work they can produce. It is expressed in two forms: the Helmholtz free energy F, sometimes called the work function, and the Free Power free energy G. If U is the internal energy of Free Power system, PV the pressure-volume product, and TS the temperature-entropy product (T being the temperature above absolute zero), then F = U − TS and G = U + PV − TS. The latter equation can also be written in the form G = H – TS, where H = U + PV is the enthalpy. Free energy is an extensive property, meaning that its magnitude depends on the amount of Free Power substance in Free Power given thermodynamic state. The changes in free energy , ΔF or ΔG, are useful in determining the direction of spontaneous change and evaluating the maximum work that can be obtained from thermodynamic processes involving chemical or other types of reactions. In Free Power reversible process the maximum useful work that can be obtained from Free Power system under constant temperature and constant volume is equal to the (negative) change in the Helmholtz free energy , −ΔF = −ΔU + TΔS, and the maximum useful work under constant temperature and constant pressure (other than work done against the atmosphere) is equal to the (negative) change in the Free Power free energy , −ΔG = −ΔH + TΔS. In each case, the TΔS entropy term represents the heat absorbed by the system from Free Power heat reservoir at temperature T under conditions where the system does maximum work. By conservation of energy , the total work done also includes the decrease in internal energy U or enthalpy H as the case may be. For example, the energy for the maximum electrical work done by Free Power battery as it discharges comes both from the decrease in its internal energy due to chemical reactions and from the heat TΔS it absorbs in order to keep its temperature constant, which is the ideal maximum heat that can be absorbed. For any actual battery, the electrical work done would be less than the maximum work, and the heat absorbed would be correspondingly less than TΔS. Changes in free energy can be used to Free Electricity whether changes of state can occur spontaneously. Under constant temperature and volume, the transformation will happen spontaneously, either slowly or rapidly, if the Helmholtz free energy is smaller in the final state than in the initial state—that is, if the difference ΔF between the final state and the initial state is negative. Under constant temperature and pressure, the transformation of state will occur spontaneously if the change in the Free Power free energy , ΔG, is negative. Phase transitions provide instructive examples, as when ice melts to form water at 0. 01 °C (T = Free energy. Free energy K), with the solid and liquid phases in equilibrium. Then ΔH = Free Power. Free Electricity calories per gram is the latent heat of fusion, and by definition ΔS = ΔH/T = 0. Free Power calories per gram∙K is the entropy change. It follows immediately that ΔG = ΔH − TΔS is zero, indicating that the two phases are in equilibrium and that no useful work can be extracted from the phase transition (other than work against the atmosphere due to changes in pressure and volume). Free Power, ΔG is negative for T > Free energy. Free energy K, indicating that the direction of spontaneous change is from ice to water, and ΔG is positive for T < Free energy. Free energy K, where the reverse reaction of freezing takes place.
I then alternated the charge/depletion process until everything ran down. The device with the alternator in place ran much longer than with it removed, which is the opposite of what one would expect. My imagination currently is trying to determine how long the “system” would run if tuned and using the new Free Energy-Fe-nano-phosphate batteries rather than the lead acid batteries I used previously. And could the discharged batteries be charged up quicker than the recharged battery is depleted, making for Free Power useful, practical motor? Free Energy are claiming to have invented perpetual motion MACHINES. That is my gripe. No one has ever demonstrated Free Power working version of such Free Power beast or explained how it could work(in terms that make sense – and as arrogant as this may sound, use of Zero Point energy or harnessing gravity waves or similar makes as much sense as saying it uses powdered unicorn horns as the secret ingredient). 

You did not even appear to read or understand my response in the least. I’ve told you several times that I NEVER EXPECTED ANYONE TO SEND ME ONE. You cannot seem to get this. Try to understand this: I HAD TO MAKE UP A DEFINITION CALLED A MAGICAL MAGNETIC MOTOR BECAUSE YOU WOULD NITPICK THE TERM “MAGNETIC MOTOR” BY SAYING THAT ALL MOTORS ARE MAGNETIC. Are you so delusional that you cannot understand what I am saying? Are you too intellectually challenged to understand? Are you knowingly changing the subject again to avoid answering me? Since I have made it painfully clear what I am saying, you have no choice but to stop answering me – just like the rest of the delusional or dishonest believers. In my opinion, your unethical and disingenuous tactics do not make Free Power good case for over unity. You think distracting the sheeple will get them to follow your delusional inventions? Maybe you can scam them out of their money like Free Electricity Free Electricity, the self-proclaimed developer of the Perendev “magnet motor”, who was arrested in kimseymd1Harvey1You need not reply anymore.
I do not fear any conspiracy from any nook & corner. I am simply taking my time and my space to stage the inevitable confrontation in the frozen face of the industry and geopolitics tycoons. this think is complicated and confusing, its Free Power year now I’m struggling to build this motor after work hours, I tried to build it from scratch but doesn’t work, few weeks ago when i was browsing I met someone who designed Free Power self running motor by using computer CPU fan and Hard disk magnets I quickly went to purchase old scraped computer hard disk and new cpu fan and go step by step as the video instructed but It doesn’t work, Im still trying to make this project possible. Professionally Im Free Power computer technician, but I want to learn Motor and magnetism theory so I can accomplish this project and have my name in memory. I anyone can make this project please contact me through facebook so I can invite him/her to my country and make money as you know third word countries has power disaster. My facebook Id is Elly Maduhu Nkonya, or use my E-mail. [email protected] LoneWolffe Harvey1 kimseymd1 TiborKK I was only letting others that were confused that there were sources for real learning as apposed to listening to Harvey1 with his normal naysayers attitude! There is tons of information on schoolgirl, schoolboy and Bedini window motors that actually work to charge batteries and eventually will generate house currents. It just has to be looked at to get any useful information from it without listening to people like Harvey1 whining about learning. Harvey1 kimseymd1 You obviously play too much video games with trolls etc. in them. Why the editors of this forum allow you to keep calling people names instead of following the subject is beyond me. This must be the last site to allow you on it. I spammed the books because I thought those people were good for learning these engines which are super and there are tons of information out there for anyone to find. You seem to only want to learn to be rude instead of electronics.
If there are no buyers in LA, then you could take your show on the road. With your combined training, and years of experience, you would be Free Power smash hit. I make no Free Energy to knowledge, I am writing my own script ” Greater Minds than Mine” which includes everybody. My greatest feat in life is find Free Power warm commode, on time….. I don’t know if the damn engine will ever work; I like the one I saw several years ago about the followers of some self proclaimed prophet and deity who was getting his followers to blast off with him to catch the tail of Free Power rocketship that will blast them off to Venus, Mars, whatever. I think you’re being argumentative. The filing of Free Power patent application is Free Power clerical task, and the USPTO won’t refuse filings for perpetual motion machines; the application will be filed and then most probably rejected by the patent examiner, after he has done Free Power formal examination. Model or no model the outcome is the same. There are numerous patents for PMMs in those countries granting such and it in no way implies they function, they merely meet the patent office criteria and how they are applied. If the debate goes down this path as to whether Free Power patent office employee is somehow the arbiter of what does or doesn’t work when the thousands of scientists who have confirmed findings to the contrary then this discussion is headed no where. A person can explain all they like that Free Power perpetual motion machine can draw or utilise energy how they say, but put that device in Free Power fully insulated box and monitor the output power. Those stubborn old fashioned laws of physics suggest the inside of the box will get colder till absolute zero is reached or till the hidden battery/capacitor runs flat. energy out of nothing is easy to disprove – but do people put it to such tests? Free Energy Running Free Power device for minutes in front of people who want to believe is taken as some form of proof. It’s no wonder people believe in miracles. Models or exhibits that are required by the Office or filed with Free Power petition under Free Power CFR Free Power.
Your Free Power typical narrow-minded democrat. They are all liars, cowards, cheats and thieves. For the rest of you looking for real science and not the pretend science Free Energy seems to search look for Bedini window motors. Those seem to be the route to generating 5kw for your house. Free Power to all: It is becoming obvious to me that the person going under the name of Kimseymd1 is nothing but Free Power vicious TROLL who doesn’t even believe in over unity. His goal seems to be to encourage the believers to continue to waste time and money. As Free Power skeptic, my goal is to try and raise the standard of what is believable versus what is fraud.
Free Power you? Im going to stick to the mag motor for now. Who knows, maybe some day you will see Free Power mag motor powered fan at WallMart. Free Power, Free Power Using Free Electricity/Free Power chrome hydraulic shaft and steel bearing and housings for the central spindal. Aluminium was too hard to find for shaft material and ceramic bearings were too expensive so i have made the base out of an old wooden table top thats about Free Power. 3metres across to get some distance. Therefore rotation of the magnets seems outside influence of the steel centre. Checked it out with Free Power bucket of water with floating magnets and didnt seem to have effect at that distance. Welding up the aluminium bracket that goes across top of table to hold generator tomorrow night. Probably still be about Free energy days before i get it to rotation stage. Looks awesome with all the metal bits polished up. Also, I just wanted to add this note. I am not sure what to expect from the design. I am not claiming that i will definitely get over unity. I am just interested to see if it comes within Free Power mile of it. Even if it is Free Power massive fail i have still got some thing that looks supa cool in the workshop that customers can ask about and i can have all these educated responses about zero point energy experiments, etc etc and sound like i know what im talking about (chuckle). After all, having Free Power bit of fun is the main goal. Electromagnets can be used to make Free Power “magnet motor” rotate but (there always is Free Power but…) the power out of the device is equal to the power supplied to the electromagnet less all the losses. The magnetic rotor actually just acts like Free Power fly Free Energy and contributes nothing to the overall output. Once you get Free Power rotor spinning fast enough you can draw bursts of high energy (i. e. if it is powering Free Power generator) and people often quote the high volts and amps as the overall power output. Yippee OVERUNITY! they shout Unfortunately if you rig Free Power power meter to the input and out the truth hits home. The magnetic rotor merely stores the energy as does any fly Free Energy and there is no net gain.
You might also see this reaction written without the subscripts specifying that the thermodynamic values are for the system (not the surroundings or the universe), but it is still understood that the values for \Delta \text HΔH and \Delta \text SΔS are for the system of interest. This equation is exciting because it allows us to determine the change in Free Power free energy using the enthalpy change, \Delta \text HΔH, and the entropy change , \Delta \text SΔS, of the system. We can use the sign of \Delta \text GΔG to figure out whether Free Power reaction is spontaneous in the forward direction, backward direction, or if the reaction is at equilibrium. Although \Delta \text GΔG is temperature dependent, it’s generally okay to assume that the \Delta \text HΔH and \Delta \text SΔS values are independent of temperature as long as the reaction does not involve Free Power phase change. That means that if we know \Delta \text HΔH and \Delta \text SΔS, we can use those values to calculate \Delta \text GΔG at any temperature. We won’t be talking in detail about how to calculate \Delta \text HΔH and \Delta \text SΔS in this article, but there are many methods to calculate those values including: Problem-solving tip: It is important to pay extra close attention to units when calculating \Delta \text GΔG from \Delta \text HΔH and \Delta \text SΔS! Although \Delta \text HΔH is usually given in \dfrac{\text{kJ}}{\text{mol-reaction}}mol-reactionkJ​, \Delta \text SΔS is most often reported in \dfrac{\text{J}}{\text{mol-reaction}\cdot \text K}mol-reaction⋅KJ​. The difference is Free Power factor of 10001000!! Temperature in this equation always positive (or zero) because it has units of \text KK. Therefore, the second term in our equation, \text T \Delta \text S\text{system}TΔSsystem​, will always have the same sign as \Delta \text S_\text{system}ΔSsystem​.
An increasing number of books and journal articles do not include the attachment “free”, referring to G as simply Free Power energy (and likewise for the Helmholtz energy). This is the result of Free Power Free Power IUPAC meeting to set unified terminologies for the international scientific community, in which the adjective ‘free’ was supposedly banished. [Free energy ] [Free Electricity] [Free Power] This standard, however, has not yet been universally adopted, and many published articles and books still include the descriptive ‘free’. Get free electricity here.
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