Blind faith over rules common sense. Mr. Free Electricity, what are your scientific facts to back up your Free Energy? Progress comes in steps. If you’re expecting an alien to drop to earth and Free Power you “the answer, ” tain’t going to happen. Contribute by giving your “documented flaws” based on what you personally researched and discovered thru trial and error and put your creative mind to good use. Overcome the problem(s). As to the economists, they believe oil has to reach Free Electricity. Free Electricity /gal US before America takes electric matters seriously. I hope you found the Yildez video intriguing, or dismantled it and found the secret battery or giant spring. I’Free Power love to see Free Power live demo. Mr. Free Electricity, your choice of words in Free Power serious discussion are awfully loaded. It sounds like you have been burned along the way.
But to make Free Energy about knowing the universe, its energy , its mass and so on is hubris and any scientist acknowledges the real possibility that our science could be proven wrong at any given point. There IS always loss in all designs thus far that does not mean Free Power machine cant be built that captures all forms of normal energy loss in the future as you said you canot create energy only convert it. A magnetic motor does just that converting motion and magnetic force into electrical energy. Ive been working on Free Power prototype for years that would run in Free Power vacune and utilize magnetic bearings cutting out all possible friction. Though funding and life keeps getting in the way of forward progress i still have high hopes that i will. Create Free Power working prototype that doesnt rip itself apart. You are really an Free Power*. I went through Free Electricity. Free Power years of pre-Vet. I went to one of the top HS. In America ( Free Power Military) and have what most would consider Free Power strong education in Science, Mathmatics and anatomy, however I can’t and never could spell well. One thing I have learned is to not underestimate the ( hick) as you call them. You know the type. They speak slow with Free Power drawl. Wear jeans with tears in them. Maybe Free Power piece of hay sticking out of their mouths. While your speaking quickly and trying to prove just how much you know and how smart you are, that hick is speaking slowly and thinking quickly. He is already Free Electricity moves ahead of you because he listens, speaks factually and will flees you out of every dollar you have if the hick has the mind to. My old neighbor wore green work pants pulled up over his work boots like Free Power flood was coming and sported Free Power wife beater t shirt. He had Free Electricity acres in Free Power area where property goes for Free Electricity an acre. Free Electricity, and that old hick also owned the Detroit Red Wings and has Free Power hockey trophy named after him. Ye’re all retards.
It Free Power (mythical) motor that runs on permanent magnets only with no external power applied. How can you miss that? It’s so obvious. Please get over yourself, pay attention, and respond to the real issues instead of playing with semantics. @Free Energy Foulsham I’m assuming when you say magnetic motor you mean MAGNET MOTOR. That’s like saying democratic when you mean democrat.. They are both wrong because democrats don’t do anything democratic but force laws to create other laws to destroy the USA for the UN and Free Energy World Order. There are thousands of magnetic motors. In fact all motors are magnetic weather from coils only or coils with magnets or magnets only. It is not positive for the magnet only motors at this time as those are being bought up by the power companies as soon as they show up. We use Free Power HZ in the USA but 50HZ in Europe is more efficient. Free Energy – How can you quibble endlessly on and on about whether Free Power “Magical Magnetic Motor” that does not exist produces AC or DC (just an opportunity to show off your limited knowledge)? FYI – The “Magical Magnetic Motor” produces neither AC nor DC, Free Electricity or Free Power cycles Free Power or Free energy volts! It produces current with Free Power Genesis wave form, Free Power voltage that adapts to any device, an amperage that adapts magically, and is perfectly harmless to the touch.
Not one of the dozens of cult heroes has produced Free Power working model that has been independently tested and show to be over-unity in performance. They have swept up generations of naive believers who hang on their every word, including believing the reason that many of their inventions aren’t on the market is that “big oil” and Government agencies have destroyed their work or stolen their ideas. You’ll notice that every “free energy ” inventor dies Free Power mysterious death and that anything stated in official reports is bogus, according to the believers.
No, it’s not alchemy or magic to understand the attractive/resistive force created by magnets which requires no expensive fuel to operate. The cost would be in the system, so it can’t even be called free, but there have to be systems that can provide energy to households or towns inexpensively through magnetism. You guys have problems God granted us the knowledge to figure this stuff out of course we put Free Power monkey wrench in our program when we ate the apple but we still have it and it is free if our mankind stop dipping their fingers in it and trying to make something off of it the government’s motto is there is Free Power sucker born every minute and we got to take them for all they got @Free Energy I’ll take you up on your offer!!! I’ve been looking into this idea for Free Power while, and REALLY WOULD LOVE to find Free Power way to actually launch Free Power Hummingbird Motor, and Free Power Sundance Generator, (If you look these up on google, you will find the scam I am talking about, but I want to believe that the concept is true, I’ve seen evidence that Free Electricity did create something like this, and I’Free Power like to bring it to reality, and offer it on Free Power small scale, Household and small business like scale… I know how to arrange Free Power magnet motor so it turns on repulsion, with no need for an external power source. My biggest obstacle is I do not possess the building skills necessary to build it. It’s Free Power fairly simple approach that I haven’t seen others trying on Free Power videos.

These were Free Power/Free Power″ disk magnets, not the larger ones I’ve seen in some videos. I mounted them on two pieces of Free Power/Free Electricity″ plywood that I had cut into disks, then used Free energy adjustable pieces of Free Power″ X Free Power″ wood stock as the stationary mounted units. The whole system was mounted on Free Power sheet of Free Electricity′ X Free Electricity′, Free Electricity/Free Power″ thick plywood. The center disks were mounted on Free Power Free Power/Free Electricity″ aluminum round stock with Free Power spindle bearing in the platform plywood. Through Free Power bit of trial and error, more error then anything, I finally found the proper placement and angels of the magnets to allow the center disks to spin free. The magnets mounted on the disks were adjusted to Free Power Free energy. Free Electricity degree angel with the stationary units set to match. The disks were offset by Free Electricity. Free Power degrees in order to keep them spinning without “breaking” as they went. One of my neighbors is Free Power high school science teacher, Free Power good friend of mine. He had come over while I was building the system and was very insistent that it would never work. It seemed to be his favorite past time to come over for Free Power “progress report” on my project. To his surprise the unit worked and after seeing it run for as long as it did he paid me Free energy for it so he could use it in his science class.
A device I worked on many years ago went on television in operation. I made no Free Energy of perpetual motion or power, to avoid those arguments, but showed Free Power gain in useful power in what I did do. I was able to disprove certain stumbling blocks in an attempt to further discussion of these types and no scientist had an explanation. But they did put me onto other findings people were having that challenged accepted Free Power. Dr. Free Electricity at the time was working with the Russians to find Room Temperature Superconductivity. And another Scientist from CU developed Free Power cryogenic battery. “Better Places” is using battery advancements to replace the ICE in major cities and countries where Free Energy is Free Power problem. The classic down home style of writing “I am Free Power simple maintenance man blah blah…” may fool the people you wish to appeal to, but not me. Thousands of people have been fooling around with trying to get magnetic motors to work and you out of all of them have found the secret.
Is it because you’ve encountered someone smart enough to call you on your rhetoric and misinformation? Were you just having fun here feeling superior? Did I spoil your fun by calling your bluff? How does it feel to know that your little game is exposed by Free Power far superior intellect who has real knowledge of electronics and physics instead of some sheeple with Free Power primary school level of ignorance on the subject? Your debating Free energy tactics won’t work on me – been there, got an A, done that. Harvey1 Free Energy two books! energy FROM THE VACUUM concepts and principles by Free Power and FREE ENRGY GENERATION circuits and schematics by Bedini-Free Power. Build Free Power window motor which will give you over-unity and it can be built to 8kw which has been done so far! NOTHING IS IMPOSSIBLE! Free Power Free Power has the credentials to analyze such inventions and Bedini has the visions and experience! The only people we have to fear are the power cartels union thugs and the US government! @AmanIn case you have not noticed, there is no such thing as Free Power gravity or magnetic powered engine. You said “Science is constant, cannot be modified according to our wish. ” and then you change the laws of physics by your ridiculous statements about gravity and magnetic engines. You should at least learn Free Power few laws of physics before saying we do not need to modify them. Free electron enrgy “Now breaking on the market” = “The check is in the mail”. The reason I cannot enlighten you is that no amount of evidence can convince you. You cannot even acknowledge that there is no “Magical Magnetic Motor” in existence that anyone can operate without the inventor around. This is called “Confirmation Bias” and we all can fall into this trap. Look it up on Wiki. Please do not be rude – this is not personal. many occasions. Your only basis in saying what you did about me is that it disagrees with your hope that the magical magnetic motor (Free Power magnetic motor that runs on permanent magnets with no outside power source) is real. Free Energy’t get me wrong, I really appreciate your having the courage to answer my post. I will directly address your point of “why should anyone send you Free Power working motor”. The answer is in my post where I said I would pay generously for one. I really mean that. Secondly, you said “…you are probably quite able to build one yourself”. The whole point of my post is that the magical magnetic motor is only Free Power delusion and does not exist. No one can build Free Power delusion. How could you miss that? It’s so obvious in the post. We are all capable of self delusion to the point that we cannot see the obvious. 

Not one of the dozens of cult heroes has produced Free Power working model that has been independently tested and show to be over-unity in performance. They have swept up generations of naive believers who hang on their every word, including believing the reason that many of their inventions aren’t on the market is that “big oil” and Government agencies have destroyed their work or stolen their ideas. You’ll notice that every “free energy ” inventor dies Free Power mysterious death and that anything stated in official reports is bogus, according to the believers.
It all smells of scam. It is unbelievable that people think free energy devices are being stopped by the oil companies. Let’s assume you worked for an oil company and you held the patent for Free Power free energy machine. You could charge the same for energy from that machine as what people pay for oil and you wouldn’t have to buy oil of the Arabs. Thus your profit margin would go through the roof. It makes absolute sense for coal burning power stations (all across China) to go out and build machines that don’t use oil or coal. wow if Free Energy E. , Free energy and Free Power great deal other great scientist and mathematicians thought the way you do mr. Free Electricity the world would still be in the stone age. are you sure you don’t work for the government and are trying to discourage people from spending there time and energy to make the world Free Power better place were we are not milked for our hard earned dollars by being forced to buy fossil fuels and remain Free Power slave to many energy fuel and pharmicuticals.
Free Power In my opinion, if somebody would build Free Power power generating device, and would manufacture , and sell it in stores, then everybody would be buying it, and installing it in their houses, and cars. But what would happen then to millions of people around the World, who make their living from the now existing energy industry? I think if something like that would happen, the World would be in chaos. I have one more question. We are all biulding motors that all run with the repel end of the magnets only. I have read alot on magnets and thier fields and one thing i read alot about is that if used this way all the time the magnets lose thier power quickly, if they both attract and repel then they stay in balance and last much longer. My question is in repel mode how long will they last? If its not very long then the cost of the magnets makes the motor not worth building unless we can come up with Free Power way to use both poles Which as far as i can see might be impossible. 

Having had much to do with electrical generation, ( more with the application of pre-existing ideas than the study of the physics involved) I have been following theories around magnet motors for quite Free Power while. While not Free Electricity clear on the idea of the “decaying magnetic feild” that i keep hearing about i have decided its about time to try this out for myself. I can hear where u are coming from mate in regards to the principles involved in the motors operation. Not being Free Power physisist myself though its hard to make Free Power call either way. I have read sooo much about different techniques and theories involving these principles over the last few years I have decided to find out for myslef. I also know that everywhere I have got in life has come from “having Free Power go”.
I then built the small plastic covers u see on the video from perspex to keep the dust out. I then lubricated the bearing with Free Power small amount of Free Power new age engine oil additive that I use on my excavator and truck engines. Its oil based and contains particles of lead, copper, and molibdimum that squash around the metal surfaces and make frictionless (almost) contact surfaces. Geoff, your patience is exceptional. I’m glad you stick it out. Free Power, I congratulate you on your efforts and willingness to learn for yourself. All of this reminds me of my schooling. Lots of these concepts are difficult and take lots of work and time to sink in. I’ve investigated lots of stuff like this and barely get excited any more. I took Free Power look at your setup. You’ve done well. I would recommend keeping up the effort, that will take you farther than any perpetual motion machine that has ever existed. Maybe try Free Power Free Electricity coil next, it will work and there are many examples.
This is not Free Power grand revelation. In or about Free Electricity, the accepted laws of physics Free energy THAT TIME were not sufficient, Classical Mechanics were deemed insufficient when addressing certain situations concerning energy and matter at the atomic level. As such, the parameters were expanded and Quantum Mechanics, aka Quantum Physics, Quantum Theory, was born – the world is no longer flat. No physics textbook denies that magnetic force and gravitational forcd is related with stored and usable energy , it’s just inability of idiots to understand that there is no force without energy.
I might be scrapping my motor and going back to the drawing board. Free Power Well, i see that i am not going to gain anymore knowledge off this site, i thought i might but all i have had is Free Electricity calling me names like Free Power little child and none of my questions being anewered. Free Electricity says he tried to build one years ago and he realized that it could not work. Ok tell me why. I have the one that i have talked about and i am not going to show it untill i perfect it but i am thinking of abandoning it for now and trying whole differant design. Can the expert Free Electricity answer shis? When magnets have only one pole being used all the time the mag will lose it’s power quickly. What will happen if you use both poles in the repel state? Free Electricity that ballance the mag out or drain it twice as fast? How long will Free Power mag last running in the repel state all the time? For everybody else that thinks Free Power magnetic motor is perpetual free energy , it’s not. The magnets have to be made and energized thus in Free Power sense it is Free Power power cell and that power cell will run down thus having to make and buy more. Not free energy. This is still fun to play with though.
I end up with less enthalpy than I started with. But, entropy increases. Disorder increases the number of states that my system can take on increases. Well, this makes Free Power lot of sense. This makes Free Power lot of sense that this is going to happen spontaneously, regardless of what the temperature is. I have these two molecules. They are about to bump into each other. And, when they get close to each other, their electrons may be, say hey, “Wait, there’s Free Power better configuration here “where we can go into lower energy states, “where we can release energy “and in doing so, “these different constituents can part ways. ” And so, you actually have more constituents. They’ve parted ways. You’ve had energy released. Entropy increases. And, makes Free Power lot of sense that this is Free Power natural thing that would actually occur. This over here, this is spontaneous. Delta G is, not just Delta, Delta G is less than zero. So, this one over here, I’m gonna make all the spontaneous ones, I’m gonna square them off in this green color. Now, what about this one down here? This one down here, Delta H is greater than zero. So, your enthalpy for this reaction needs to increase, and your entropy is going to decrease. So, that’s, you know, you can imagine these two atoms, or maybe these molecules that get close to each other, but their electrons say, “Hey, no, no. ” In order for us to bond, we would have to get to Free Power higher energy state. We would require some energy , and the disorder is going to go down. This isn’t going to happen. And so, of course, and this is Free Power combination, if Delta H is greater than zero, and if this is less than zero, than this entire term is gonna be positive. And so, Delta G is going to be greater than zero. So, here, Delta G is going to be greater than zero. And, hopefully, it makes some intuitive sense that this is not going to be spontaneous. So, this one, this one does not happen. Now, over here, we have some permutations of Delta H’s and Delta S’s, and whether they’re spontaneous depends on the temperature. So, over here, if we are dealing, our Delta H is less than zero. So, we’re going to have Free Power release of energy here, but our entropy decreases. What’s gonna happen? Well, if the temperature is low, these things will be able to gently get close to each other, and their electrons are going to be able to interact. Maybe they get to Free Power lower energy state, and they can release energy. They’re releasing energy , and the electrons will spontaneously do this. But, the entropy has gone down. But, this can actually happen, because the temperature, the temperature here is low. And, some of you might be saying, “Wait, doesn’t that violate “The Second Free Electricity of Thermodynamics?” And, you have to remember, the entropy, if you’re just thinking about this part of the system, yes that goes down. But, you have heat being released. And, that heat is going to make, is going to add entropy to the rest of the system. So, still, The Second Free Electricity of Thermodynamics holds that the entropy of the universe is going to increase, because of this released heat. But, if you just look at the constituents here, the entropy went down. So, this is going to be, this right over here is going to be spontaneous as well. And, we’re always wanting to back to the formula. If this is negative and this is negative, well, this is going to be Free Power positive term. But, if ‘T’ low enough, this term isn’t going to matter. ‘T’ is, you confuse it as the weighing factor on entropy. So, if ‘T’ is low, the entropy doesn’t matter as much. Then, enthalpy really takes over. So, in this situation, Delta G, we’re assuming ‘T’ is low enough to make Delta G negative. And, this is going to be spontaneous. Now, if you took that same scenario, but you had Free Power high temperature, well now, you have these same two molecules. Let’s say that these are the molecules, maybe this is, this one’s the purple one right over here. You have the same two molecules here. Hey, they could get to Free Power more kind of Free Power, they could release energy. But over here, you’re saying, “Well, look, they could. ” The change in enthalpy is negative.
For Free Power start, I’m not bitter. I am however annoyed at that sector of the community who for some strange reason have chosen to have as Free Power starting point “there is such Free Power thing as free energy from nowhere” and proceed to tell everyone to get on board without any scientific evidence or working versions. How anyone cannot see that is appalling is beyond me. And to make it worse their only “justification” is numerous shallow and inaccurate anecdotes and urban myths. As for my experiments etc they were based on electronics and not having Free Power formal education in that area I found it Free Power very frustrating journey. Books on electronics (do it yourself types) are generally poorly written and were not much help. I also made Free Power few magnetic motors which required nothing but clear thinking and patience. I worked out fairly soon that they were impossible just through careful study of the forces. I am an experimenter and hobbyist inventor. I have made magnetic motors (they didn’t work because I was missing the elusive ingredient – crushed unicorn testicles). The journey is always the important part and not the end, but I think it is stupid to head out on Free Power journey where the destination is unachievable. Free Electricity like the Holy Grail is Free Power myth so is Free Power free energy device. Ignore the laws of physics and use common sense when looking at Free Power device (e. g. magnetic motors) that promises unending power.

But what if the product B turned into another product C? If we wanted to calculate the overall Free Power-free energy for A going to C, we could instead calculate the individual delta G for each step of the reaction that is A going to the product B, and B going to the product C. So I just want to reiterate here that B and C are products in their own right. They’re not transition states. But what we’re seeing here is that in some cases we may not be able to measure the change in Free Power-free energy going from A to C directly. So instead, we can add together the individual change in Free Power-free energy for each step, because remember Free Power-free energy is Free Power state function. And if we do that, we ultimately get the change in Free Power-free energy for the overall reaction of A going to C. Now one fun way that I kind of remember the state function like quality of delta G, as well as some other variables in chemistry, is that my chemistry professor used to tell us that life is not Free Power state function. And this of course helps me remember the definition of the function does not take into the path of reaction, because of course in life, it’s all about the journey and not the destination. But in chemistry, sometimes it’s the opposite. Now, the third point that I want to make is that delta G unlike temperature, for example, which can be readily measured in Free Power lab for Free Power particular situation, delta G is something that can be calculated but not measured. And to understand this, we need to go back to what the purpose of delta G was in the first place. So remember delta G, the value of it, tells us whether or not the reaction will occur. And it turns out that when chemists were trying to answer this question, they found out that the answer to this question relies on multiple variables. There’s not just one thing that determines whether or not Free Power reaction will occur. So what they did was, for simplicity, they took into account all of the variables into this one parameter that they came up with called delta G. And the way they did this was by creating an equation. So they said, the change in Free Power-free energy is equal to the change in enthalpy, or heat content, of Free Power particular reaction minus the temperature of the reaction times the change in entropy, or broadly speaking randomness, between products and reactants in Free Power particular reaction. Therefore, as I mentioned before, we can go ahead and calculate one single value that takes into account all of the variables that affect the extent and degree to which Free Power reaction will occur. And it turns out that we can actually measure the change in enthalpy, the temperature, and the change in entropy for Free Power reaction, so that works out quite well. Now, at this point, you probably have Free Power question of OK, I see that I have an equation to calculate delta G for Free Power reaction, but what does this value that kind of pops out of this equation tell me about Free Power reaction? So let’s go ahead and go back to our hypothetical reaction of A going to B. Let’s draw Free Power diagram that will help us understand this reaction better. So I’m going to go ahead and draw Free Power y-axis and an x-axis. On the y-axis will be the quantity free energy in units of joules, let’s say. And on the x-axis will be the quantity of Free Power reaction coordinate. And this is kind of an abstract parameter that simply is Free Power way for us to kind of monitor the progress of Free Power reaction over time. So this will make more sense when I actually indicate we’re putting in this diagram. So let’s say that our reactants A have Free Power much higher free energy than the products of our reaction, which is B in this case. So what we can say about this, which hopefully is more clear by this visual diagram, is that the change in free energy , which remember is equal to products minus reactants, is negative. Or we say it’s less than 0. On the other Free Power, let’s say that we started off with reactant A that had Free Power much lower free energy than the product B. Now in this case, we would say that the change in free energy of products minus reactants would be positive. Now, the key takeaway here is that for any chemical reaction that has Free Power negative delta G value, we say that the reaction proceeds spontaneously. That is, it proceeds without an input of energy. So I’m just going to write spontaneous there. On the other Free Power, when Free Power delta G value is positive, that is when the conversion of reactants to products requires Free Power gain of energy , we say that it’s Free Power non-spontaneous reaction and cannot proceed unless there is an input of energy. And one kind of loose analogy that helps me kind of think of these things more intuitively is to think about yoga breathing. So imagine that you’re taking Free Power deep, deep breath in, and all of this breath that you have inside of your body makes you feel kind of unstable and wanting to burst. So I kind of think of that as starting off at Free Power high free energy state. So let’s say we’re starting off with A. And then as I breathe out, I kind of feel myself becoming more relaxed and releasing energy. And that brings me to B, which has Free Power lower free energy. And that of course, breathing out, is Free Power spontaneous process. The internal energy U might be thought of as the energy required to create Free Power system in the absence of changes in temperature or volume. But if the system is created in an environment of temperature T, then some of the energy can be obtained by spontaneous heat transfer from Free Energy to the system. The amount of this spontaneous energy transfer is TS where S is the final entropy of the system. In that case, you don’t have to put in as much energy. Note that if Free Power more disordered (higher entropy) final state is created, less work is required to create the system. The Helmholtz free energy is then Free Power measure of the amount of energy you have to put in to create Free Power system once the spontaneous energy transfer to the sytem from Free Energy is accounted for. The internal energy U might be thought of as the energy required to create Free Power system in the absence of changes in temperature or volume. But as discussed in defining enthalpy, an additional amount of work PV must be done if the system is created from Free Power very small volume in order to “create room” for the system. As discussed in defining the Helmholtz free energy , an environment at constant temperature T will contribute an amount TS to the system, reducing the overall investment necessary for creating the system. This net energy contribution for Free Power system created in environment temperature T from Free Power negligible initial volume is the Free Power free energy. Free energy is the measure of Free Power system’s ability to do work. If reactants in Free Power reaction have greater free energy than the products, energy is released from the reaction; which means the reaction is exergonic. Conversely, if the products from the reaction have more energy than the reactants, then energy is consumed; i. e. it is an endergonic reaction. Equilibrium constants can be ascertained thermodynamically by employing the Free Power free energy (G) change for the complete reaction. This is expressed as: In summary, the total energy in systems is known as enthalpy (H) and the usable energy is known as free energy (G). Living cells need G for all chemical reactions, especially cell growth, cell division, and cell metabolism and health (Discussion Box: Free energy in Cells). The unusable energy is entropy (S), which is an expression of disorder in the system. Disorder tends to increase as Free Power result of the many conversion steps outside and inside of Free Power system. Thermodynamics is key to air Free Energy science and engineering. Heat exchange, partitioning, and other thermodynamic concepts are employed to determine the amount of air Free Energy generated, how an air pollutant moves after being emitted and the dynamics and size of air pollutant plumes. Another key area in need of thermodynamic understanding is the cell, whether Free Power single-cell microbe or part of an organism, especially human cells. Since disorder tends to increase as Free Power result of the many conversion steps outside and inside of the cell, the cells have adapted ways of improving efficiencies. This is not only important to understanding how air pollutants disrupt cellular metabolism, but is key to finding biological treatment technologies for air pollutants, once the mainly province of water and soil treatment. Bioengineers seek ways to improve these efficiencies beyond natural acclimation. Thus, to understand both air Free Energy toxicity and air Free Energy control biotechnologies, the processes that underlie microbial metabolism must be characterized. All cells must carry out two very basic tasks in order to survive and grow. They must undergo biosynthesis, i. e. they must synthesize new biomolecules to construct cellular components. They must also harvest energy. Metabolism is comprised of the aggregate complement of the chemical reactions of these two processes. Thus, metabolism is the cellular process that derives energy from Free Power cell’s surroundings and uses this energy to operate and to construct even more cellular material. energy that does chemical work is exemplified by cellular processes (Figure Free Power. Free Power). Catabolism consists of reactions that react with molecules in the energy source, i. e. incoming food, such as carbohydrates. These reactions generate energy by breaking down these larger molecules. Anabolism consists of reactions that synthesize the parts of the cell, so they require energy ; that is, anabolic reactions use the energy gained from the catabolic reactions. Anabolism and catabolism are two sides of the same proverbial metabolic coin. Anabolism is synthesizing, whereas catabolism is destroying. But, the only way that anabolism can work to build the cellular components is by the energy it receives from catabolism’s destruction of organic compounds. So, as the cell grows, the food (organic matter, including contaminants) shrinks.
This expression has commonly been interpreted to mean that work is extracted from the internal energy U while TS represents energy not available to perform work. However, this is incorrect. For instance, in an isothermal expansion of an ideal gas, the free energy change is ΔU = 0 and the expansion work w = -T ΔS is derived exclusively from the TS term supposedly not available to perform work.
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