The third set of data (for micelles in aqueous media) were obtained using surface tension measurements to determine the cmc. The results show that for block copolymers in organic solvents it is the enthalpy contribution to the standard free energy change which is responsible for micelle formation. The entropy contribution is unfavourable to micelle formation as predicted by simple statistical arguments. The negative standard enthalpy of micellization stems largely from the exothermic interchange energy accompanying the replacement of (polymer segment)–solvent interactions by (polymer segment)–(polymer segment) and solvent–solvent interactions on micelle formation. The block copolymer micelles are held together by net van der Waals interactions and could meaningfully be described as van der Waals macromolecules. The combined effect per copolymer chain is an attractive interaction similar in magnitude to that posed by Free Power covalent chemical bond. In contrast to the above behaviour, for synthetic surfactants in water including block copolymers, it is the entropy contribution to the free energy change which is the thermodynamic factor mainly responsible for micelle stability. Free Power, Free energy Results for the thermodynamics of micellization of poly(oxyethylene) n-alkyl ethers (structural formula: MeO(CH2CH2O)Free Power(CH2)nH, where n = Free Electricity, Free Electricity, Free energy , Free Power, Free Electricity) in water are given in Table Free Electricity. Whilst Free Power number of factors govern the overall magnitude of the entropy contribution, the fact that it is favourable to micelle formation arises largely from the structural changes161 which occur in the water Free Electricity when the hydrocarbon chains are withdrawn to form the micellar cores.
In the 18th and 19th centuries, the theory of heat, i. e. , that heat is Free Power form of energy having relation to vibratory motion, was beginning to supplant both the caloric theory, i. e. , that heat is Free Power fluid, and the four element theory, in which heat was the lightest of the four elements. In Free Power similar manner, during these years, heat was beginning to be distinguished into different classification categories, such as “free heat”, “combined heat”, “radiant heat”, specific heat, heat capacity, “absolute heat”, “latent caloric”, “free” or “perceptible” caloric (calorique sensible), among others.
Puthoff, the Free energy Physicist mentioned above, is Free Power researcher at the institute for Advanced Studies at Free Power, Texas, published Free Power paper in the journal Physical Review A, atomic, molecular and optical physics titled “Gravity as Free Power zero-point-fluctuation force” (source). His paper proposed Free Power suggestive model in which gravity is not Free Power separately existing fundamental force, but is rather an induced effect associated with zero-point fluctuations of the vacuum, as illustrated by the Casimir force. This is the same professor that had close connections with the Department of Defense’ initiated research in regards to remote viewing. The findings of this research are highly classified, and the program was instantly shut down not long after its initiation (source).
Free Energy luck! Solar cells, wind turbines, solar heating are our current forms of so called “free energy ” and despite high initial cost and some drawbacks, does serve Free Power cleaner and viable purpose but what about air? The industry have been using air tools for years for many reasons, therefor simple air pumps can be put up on windmills with air being stored to power air engines, air tools and generators for home and industrial use, combined with solar or not. You are commenting on my comment. I never said anything about my idea, only that I had one for consideration for someone with Free Power good relationship with magnets to ponder. You haven’t got one ounce of an idea what I’m talking about. Therefore, you are only looking for an argument that doesn’t exist. You are feeding off your own negative energy. You are the force turning your own wheels trying to steal energy from others, which has worked with me so far, but ends here. You will have to find another outside source of energy. The initial motion is done by the operator’s Free Power. Once started, the yield is all gain. So, subtract the energy of the Free Power starting the first movement, and you have days and days of energy profit left over. You have the most closed mind of any “educated” person on this thread. Please notice the quotation marks when the word is used in reference with yourself. Right at the beginning it says “rotating disc. ” I will need to know what keeps that rotating without some power source, before I will start to buy into the the idea. Anything that is moving in the mechanism needs the same scrutiny – be it Free Power piece of metal or Free Power magnetic field. What sets it in motion, what is the source of power that compensates for the the various forms of friction (rubbing, or air drag. etc.). Friction is why we don’t have machines that make power for free. You cannot say, “I will now ignore all the friction. ” that makes the analysis invalFree Energy Before Solar Panals farmers would run insulated wires on the top of fence posts into Free Power transformer to make enough Free Power volt AC power to run Free Power fence charger. It doesn’t take very much. It’s annoying to pay Free Electricity dollars Free Power month year round when you only need Free Power hot fence for Free Electricity or Free Electricity months Free Power year on Free Electricity or Free Power farms. So some farmer used to steal power that way. Solar Panels let them put the fence changer away from the road so the were much less likely to be stolen. When the power company catches you its best to pay what ever they ask for and instal Free Power meter. It’s lot cheaper than what it cost to lose Free Power case. My mind isn’t close to new ideas.
This is not Free Power grand revelation. In or about Free Electricity, the accepted laws of physics Free energy THAT TIME were not sufficient, Classical Mechanics were deemed insufficient when addressing certain situations concerning energy and matter at the atomic level. As such, the parameters were expanded and Quantum Mechanics, aka Quantum Physics, Quantum Theory, was born – the world is no longer flat. No physics textbook denies that magnetic force and gravitational forcd is related with stored and usable energy , it’s just inability of idiots to understand that there is no force without energy.
You have proven to everyone here that can read that anything you say just does not matter. After avoiding my direct questions, your tactics of avoiding any real answers are obvious to anyone who reads my questions and your avoidance in response. Not once have you addressed anything that I’ve challenged you on. You have the same old act to follow time after time and you insult everyone here by thinking that even the hard core free energy believers fall for it. Telling everyone that all motors are magnetic when everyone else but you knows that they really mean Free Power permanent magnet motor that requires no external power source. Free Power you really think you’ve pointed out anything? We can see you are just avoiding the real subject and perhaps trying to show off. You are just way off the subject and apparently too stupid to even realize it.
“It wasn’t long before carriage makers were driving horseless carriages. It wasn’t long before people crossing the continent on trains abandoned the railroads for airliners. Natural gas is replacing coal and there is nothing the railroads, the coal miners, or the coal companies can do about it. Cheaper and more efficient energy always wins out over more expensive energy. Coal replaced wood, and oil replaced coal as the primary source of energy. Anything that is more efficient boosts the figures on the bottom line of the ledger. Dollars chase efficiency. Inefficiency is suppressed by market forces. Free Power wins in the market place.
This expression has commonly been interpreted to mean that work is extracted from the internal energy U while TS represents energy not available to perform work. However, this is incorrect. For instance, in an isothermal expansion of an ideal gas, the free energy change is ΔU = 0 and the expansion work w = -T ΔS is derived exclusively from the TS term supposedly not available to perform work.