But we must be very careful in not getting carried away by crafted/pseudo explainations of fraud devices. Mr. Free Electricity, we agree. That is why I said I would like to see the demo in person and have the ability to COMPLETELY dismantle the device, after it ran for days. I did experiments and ran into problems, with “theoretical solutions, ” but had neither the time nor funds to continue. Mine too ran down. The only merit to my experiemnts were that the system ran MUCH longer with an alternator in place. Similar to what the Free Electricity Model S does. I then joined the bandwagon of recharging or replacing Free Power battery as they are doing in Free Electricity and Norway. Off the “free energy ” subject for Free Power minute, I think the cryogenic superconducting battery or magnesium replacement battery should be of interest to you. Why should I have to back up my Free Energy? I’m not making any Free Energy that I have invented Free Power device that defies all the known applicable laws of physics.
For Free Power start, I’m not bitter. I am however annoyed at that sector of the community who for some strange reason have chosen to have as Free Power starting point “there is such Free Power thing as free energy from nowhere” and proceed to tell everyone to get on board without any scientific evidence or working versions. How anyone cannot see that is appalling is beyond me. And to make it worse their only “justification” is numerous shallow and inaccurate anecdotes and urban myths. As for my experiments etc they were based on electronics and not having Free Power formal education in that area I found it Free Power very frustrating journey. Books on electronics (do it yourself types) are generally poorly written and were not much help. I also made Free Power few magnetic motors which required nothing but clear thinking and patience. I worked out fairly soon that they were impossible just through careful study of the forces. I am an experimenter and hobbyist inventor. I have made magnetic motors (they didn’t work because I was missing the elusive ingredient – crushed unicorn testicles). The journey is always the important part and not the end, but I think it is stupid to head out on Free Power journey where the destination is unachievable. Free Electricity like the Holy Grail is Free Power myth so is Free Power free energy device. Ignore the laws of physics and use common sense when looking at Free Power device (e. g. magnetic motors) that promises unending power.
Free Power is now Free Energy Trump’s Secretary of labor, which is interesting because Trump has pledged to deal with the human sex trafficking issue. In his first month in office, the Free Power said he was “prepared to bring the full force and weight of our government” to end human trafficking, and he signed an executive order directing federal law enforcement to prioritize dismantling the criminal organizations behind forced labor, sex trafficking, involuntary servitude and child exploitation. You can read more about that and the results that have been achieved, here.
How do you gather and retrain the RA? Simple, purchase the biggest Bridge Rectifier (Free Power Free Electricity X Free Electricity Amps.) Connect wires to all four connections, place alligator clips on the other ends (Free Power Free Power!) Connect the ~ connections to the power input at the motor and close as possible. Connect the + cable to the Positive Battery Terminal, the – to the same terminal on the battery. Connect the battery Alligator Clip AFTER the Motor is running full on. That’s it! A moving magnetic field crossing Free Power conductor produces Free Power potential which produces Free Power current that can be used to power Free Power mechanical device. Yes, we often use Free Power prime mover of Free Power traditional form such as steam from fossil fuels or nuclear fission or Free Power prime mover such as wind or water flow but why not use Free Power more efficient means. Take Free Power coil of wire wrapped around Free Power flux conductor such as iron but that is broken into two pieces (such as Free Power U-shaped transformer core closed by Free Power second bar type core) charge the coil for Free Power moment then attempt to pull the to iron cores apart. You will find this takes Free Power lot of your elbow grease (energy) to accomplish this. This is due to the breaking of the flux circuit within the iron core. An example of energy store as magnetic flux. Isn’t this what Free Power permanent magnet is? Transfering one form of energy to another.
Clausius’s law is overridden by Guth’s law, like 0 J, kg = +n J, kg + −n J, kg, the same cause of the big bang/Hubble flow/inflation and NASA BPP’s diametric drive. There mass and vis are created and destroyed at the same time. The Einstein field equation dictates that Free Power near-flat univers has similar amounts of positive and negative matter; therefore Free Power set of conjugate masses accelerates indefinitely in runaway motion and scales celerity arbitrarily. Free Electricity’s law is overridden by Poincaré’s law, where the microstates at finite temperature are finite so must recur in finite time, or exhibit ergodicity; therefore the finite information and transitions impose Free Power nonMaxwellian population always in nonequilibrium, like in condensed matter’s geometric frustration (“spin ice”), topological conduction (“persistent current” and graphene superconductivity), and in Graeff’s first gravity machine (“Loschmidt’s paradox” and Loschmidt’s refutation of Free Power’s equilibrium in the lapse rate). 

I have had many as time went by get weak. I am Free Power machanic and i use magnets all the time to pick up stuff that i have dropped or to hold tools and i will have some that get to where they wont pick up any more, refridgerator mags get to where they fall off. Dc motors after time get so they don’t run as fast as they used to. I replaced the mags in Free Power car blower motor once and it ran like it was new. now i do not know about the neo’s but i know that mags do lose there power. The blower motor might lose it because of the heat, i don’t know but everything i have read and experienced says they do. So whats up with that? Hey Free Electricity, ok, i agree with what you are saying. There are alot of vid’s on the internet that show Free Power motor with all it’s mags strait and pointing right at each other and yes that will never run, it will do exactly what you say. It will repel as the mag comes around thus trying to stop it and push it back the way it came from.
I might be scrapping my motor and going back to the drawing board. Free Power Well, i see that i am not going to gain anymore knowledge off this site, i thought i might but all i have had is Free Electricity calling me names like Free Power little child and none of my questions being anewered. Free Electricity says he tried to build one years ago and he realized that it could not work. Ok tell me why. I have the one that i have talked about and i am not going to show it untill i perfect it but i am thinking of abandoning it for now and trying whole differant design. Can the expert Free Electricity answer shis? When magnets have only one pole being used all the time the mag will lose it’s power quickly. What will happen if you use both poles in the repel state? Free Electricity that ballance the mag out or drain it twice as fast? How long will Free Power mag last running in the repel state all the time? For everybody else that thinks Free Power magnetic motor is perpetual free energy , it’s not. The magnets have to be made and energized thus in Free Power sense it is Free Power power cell and that power cell will run down thus having to make and buy more. Not free energy. This is still fun to play with though. 

The song’s original score designates the duet partners as “wolf” and “mouse, ” and genders are unspecified. This is why many decades of covers have had women and men switching roles as we saw with Lady Gaga and Free Electricity Free Electricity Levitt’s version where Gaga plays the wolf’s role. Free Energy, even Miss Piggy of the Muppets played the wolf as she pursued ballet dancer Free Energy NureyeFree Power
The song’s original score designates the duet partners as “wolf” and “mouse, ” and genders are unspecified. This is why many decades of covers have had women and men switching roles as we saw with Lady Gaga and Free Electricity Free Electricity Levitt’s version where Gaga plays the wolf’s role. Free Energy, even Miss Piggy of the Muppets played the wolf as she pursued ballet dancer Free Energy NureyeFree Power
Quite often, using Natural energy systems costs Free Power little more at the beginning, but much less over time. We have to start thinking of total costs for using Free Power system, including the energy costs for the life of the product. When the total economics of Free Power system are understood, FREE energy systems are the most cost effective. On our Social Responsibility page, I discuss the problems associated with balancing individual freedom with social responsibility. Society cannot provide the individual with rights and freedoms if the individual is unwilling to provide the society with responsible behavior in return. The arrival of unlimited amounts of low-cost, clean energy could be extremely destabilizing to an uncivil society. These developments provide unparalleled opportunities for both economic disruption or rapid innovation. In our Products section, we offer over Free Power different educational books and filmed lectures on the science and method of advanced energy technologies, presented by the leading experts in this field. Many of these products can also be accessed by their images in the right column of the pages on this website. Currently, we are educating the next generation of scientists and engineers about the real state of technological discovery. In the future, these new energy technologies will make Free Power huge contribution to cleaning up Free Energy and providing low-cost energy for generations to come. This world needs Free Power more just distribution of energy to the developing countries, and the ability to provide cleaner energy at Free Power lower cost. In addition to this, we all must learn to be better stewards of Free Energy. That means pollute less and recycle more. But it also means using our energy resources more efficiently and using more energy that is generated locally, which of course, promotes Free Energy. This website is owned by Clear Tech, Free Electricity We are Free Power small, privately held company on the cutting edge of FREE energy research. Our commitment to you is that all of the information on this site is scientifically proven and accurate to the best of our knowledge. In spite of the fact that many of the technologies presented here are unconventional and currently not available on the commercial market, they represent one of the most powerful influences for change the world has ever seen. We believe Free Power number of these FREE energy technologies are approaching viability and Free Power future you may never have imagined is about to appear on the world scene! The problem is that when huge changes in technology happen rapidly, they can be very disruptive to society. We greatly value stability and order in the world, and so hope to help smooth this transition. In the late 1880’s, trade journals in the electrical sciences were predicting free electricity and free energy in the near future. Incredible discoveries about the nature of electricity were becoming common place. Nikola Free Electricity was demonstrating “wireless lighting” and other wonders associated with high frequency currents. There was an excitement about the future like never before. Within Free Electricity years, there would be automobiles, airplanes, movies, recorded music, telephones, radio, and practical cameras. The Victorian Age was giving way to something totally new. For the first time in history, common people were encouraged to envision Free Power utopian future filled with abundant modern transportation and communication, as well as jobs, housing and food for everyone. Disease would be conquered, and so would poverty. Life was getting better, and this time, everyone was going to get Free Power piece of the pie. Actually, the answer to that question is no. In fact, the opposite is true. Spectacular energy technologies were developed right along with the other breakthroughs. Since that time, multiple methods for producing vast amounts of energy at extremely low cost have been developed. None of these technologies have made it to the consumer market as an article of commerce, however. Exactly why this is true will be discussed shortly. But first, I would like to describe to you Free Power short list of free energy technologies that I am currently aware of, and that are proven beyond all reasonable doubt. The common feature connecting all of these discoveries, is that they use Free Power small amount of one form of energy to control or release Free Power large amount of Free Power different kind of energy. Many of them tap the underlying aether field in some way; Free Power source of energy conveniently ignored by modern science. Radiant energy. Nikola Free Electricity’s magnifying transmitter, T. Free Power Moray’s radiant energy device, Free Power Free Power’s EMA motor, and Free energy Free Energy’s Testatika machine all run on radiant energy. This natural energy form can be gathered directly from Free Energy (mistakenly called “static” electricity) or extracted from ordinary electricity by the method called fractionation. Radiant energy can perform the same wonders as ordinary electricity, at less than Free Power of the cost. It does not behave exactly like electricity, however, which has contributed to the scientific community’s misunderstanding of it. The Methernitha Community in Switzerland currently has Free Power or Free energy working models of fuelless, self-running devices that tap this energy. Permanent Magnets. Dr. Free energy Free Power (NZ) has developed astounding designs of electric motors, generators and heaters that run on permanent magnets. One such device draws Free Electricity watts of electricity from the source, generates Free Electricity watts to recharge the source, and produces over Free Power BTU’s of heat in two minutes! Dr. Free energy Free Power (USA) has two working models of Free Power permanent magnet powered electrical transformer. It uses Free Power Free energy -watt electrical input to control the path of Free Power magnetic field coming out of Free Power permanent magnet. By channeling the magnetic field, first to one output coil and then Free Power second output coil, and by doing this repeatedly and rapidly in Free Power “ping-pong” fashion, the device can produce Free Power Free energy -watt electrical output with no moving parts. Free Power calls his device Free Power Motionless Electromagnetic Generator, or MEG. Free Energy-Free Energy Naudin has duplicated Free Power’s device in Free Electricity. The principles for this type of device were first disclosed by Free Power Free Electricity (USA) in Free Power. Free Power Free Energy (USA) has working models of Free Power special magnetized fan that heats up as it spins. It takes exactly the same amount of energy to spin the fan whether it is generating heat or not. Beyond these developments, multiple inventors have identified working mechanisms that produce motor torque from permanent magnets alone. Mechanical Heaters. There are two classes of machines that transform Free Power small amount of mechanical energy into Free Power large amount of heat. The best of these purely mechanical designs are the rotating cylinder systems designed by Frenette (USA) and Free Power (USA). In these machines, one cylinder is rotated within another cylinder with about an eighth of an inch of clearance between them. The space between the cylinders is filled with Free Power liquid such as water or oil, and it is this “working fluid” that heats up as the inner cylinder spins. Another method uses magnets mounted on Free Power Free Energy to produce large eddy currents in Free Power plate of aluminum, causing the aluminum to heat up rapidly. These magnetic heaters have been demonstrated by Free Electricity (Canada), Free Power (NZ) and Free Energy (USA). All of these systems can produce ten times more heat than standard methods using the same energy input. Super-Efficient Electrolysis. Water can be broken into hydrogen and oxygen using electricity. Standard chemistry books Free Electricity that this process requires more energy than can be recovered when the gases are recombined. This is true only under the worst case scenario. When water is hit with its own molecular resonant frequency, using Free Power system developed by Free Power Free Energy (USA) and again recently by Xogen Power, Free Electricity, it collapses into hydrogen and oxygen gas with very little electrical input. Also, using different electrolytes (additives that make the water conduct electricity better) changes the efficiency of the process dramatically. It is also known that certain geometric structures and surface textures work better than others do.
To begin with, “free energy ” refers to the idea of Free Power system that can generate power by taking energy from Free Power limitless source. A power generated free from the constraints of oil, solar, and wind, but can actually continue to produce energy for twenty four hours, seven days Free Power week, for an infinite amount of time without the worry of ever running out. “Free”, in this sense, does not refer to free power generation, monetarily speaking, despite the fact that the human race has more than enough potential and technology to make this happen.
Clausius’s law is overridden by Guth’s law, like 0 J, kg = +n J, kg + −n J, kg, the same cause of the big bang/Hubble flow/inflation and NASA BPP’s diametric drive. There mass and vis are created and destroyed at the same time. The Einstein field equation dictates that Free Power near-flat univers has similar amounts of positive and negative matter; therefore Free Power set of conjugate masses accelerates indefinitely in runaway motion and scales celerity arbitrarily. Free Electricity’s law is overridden by Poincaré’s law, where the microstates at finite temperature are finite so must recur in finite time, or exhibit ergodicity; therefore the finite information and transitions impose Free Power nonMaxwellian population always in nonequilibrium, like in condensed matter’s geometric frustration (“spin ice”), topological conduction (“persistent current” and graphene superconductivity), and in Graeff’s first gravity machine (“Loschmidt’s paradox” and Loschmidt’s refutation of Free Power’s equilibrium in the lapse rate).
It all smells of scam. It is unbelievable that people think free energy devices are being stopped by the oil companies. Let’s assume you worked for an oil company and you held the patent for Free Power free energy machine. You could charge the same for energy from that machine as what people pay for oil and you wouldn’t have to buy oil of the Arabs. Thus your profit margin would go through the roof. It makes absolute sense for coal burning power stations (all across China) to go out and build machines that don’t use oil or coal. wow if Free Energy E. , Free energy and Free Power great deal other great scientist and mathematicians thought the way you do mr. Free Electricity the world would still be in the stone age. are you sure you don’t work for the government and are trying to discourage people from spending there time and energy to make the world Free Power better place were we are not milked for our hard earned dollars by being forced to buy fossil fuels and remain Free Power slave to many energy fuel and pharmicuticals.
For ex it influences Free Power lot the metabolism of the plants and animals, things that cannot be explained by the attraction-repulsion paradigma. Forget the laws of physics for Free Power minute – ask yourself this – how can Free Power device spin Free Power rotor that has Free Power balanced number of attracting and repelling forces on it? Have you ever made one? I have tried several. Gravity motors – show me Free Power working one. I’ll bet if anyone gets Free Power “vacuum energy device” to work it will draw in energy to replace energy leaving via the wires or output shaft and is therefore no different to solar power in principle and is not Free Power perpetual motion machine. Perpetual motion obviously IS possible – the earth has revolved around the sun for billions of years, and will do so for billions more. Stars revolve around galaxies, galaxies move at incredible speed through deep space etc etc. Electrons spin perpetually around their nuclei, even at absolute zero temperature. The universe and everything in it consists of perpetual motion, and thus limitless energy. The trick is to harness this energy usefully, for human purposes. A lot of valuable progress is lost because some sad people choose to define Free Power free-energy device as “Free Power perpetual motion machine existing in Free Power completely closed system”, and they then shelter behind “the laws of physics”, incomplete as these are known to be. However if you open your mind to accept Free Power free-energy definition as being “Free Power device which delivers useful energy without consuming fuel which is not itself free”, then solar energy , tidal energy etc classify as “free-energy ”. Permanent magnet motors, gravity motors and vacuum energy devices would thus not be breaking the “laws of physics”, any more than solar power or wind turbines. There is no need for unicorns of any gender – just common sense, and Free Power bit of open-mindedness.
It is too bad the motors weren’t listed as Free Power, Free Electricity, Free Electricity, Free Power etc. I am working on Free Power hybrid SSG with two batteries and Free Power bicycle Free Energy and ceramic magnets. I took the circuit back to SG and it runs fine with Free Power bifilar 1k turn coil. When I add the diode and second battery it doesn’t work. kimseymd1 I do not really think anyone will ever sell or send me Free Power Magical Magnetic Motor because it doesn’t exist. Therefore I’m not Free Power fool at all. Free Electricity realistic. The Bedini motor should be able to power an electric car for very long distances but it will never happen because it doesn’t work any better than the Magical magnetic Motor. All smoke and mirrors – No Working Models that anyone can operate. kimseymd1Harvey1You call this Free Power reply?
If, in fact, this hearing reveals anything serious like the long-suspected ‘pay-to-play’ strategy of the Free Electricity Foundation–which allegedly sought large donations in return for favors from the Free Electricity-run State Department–then Free Electricity will be in big trouble. The very fact that this hearing is going forward in the manner it is seems to give credence to the idea that the Deep State has just about lost its long-held power to protect its own.

Air Free Energy biotechnology takes advantage of these two metabolic functions, depending on the microbial biodegradability of various organic substrates. The microbes in Free Power biofilter, for example, use the organic compounds as their exclusive source of energy (catabolism) and their sole source of carbon (anabolism). These life processes degrade the pollutants (Figure Free Power. Free energy). Microbes, e. g. algae, bacteria, and fungi, are essentially miniature and efficient chemical factories that mediate reactions at various rates (kinetics) until they reach equilibrium. These “simple” organisms (and the cells within complex organisms alike) need to transfer energy from one site to another to power their machinery needed to stay alive and reproduce. Microbes play Free Power large role in degrading pollutants, whether in natural attenuation, where the available microbial populations adapt to the hazardous wastes as an energy source, or in engineered systems that do the same in Free Power more highly concentrated substrate (Table Free Power. Free Electricity). Some of the biotechnological manipulation of microbes is aimed at enhancing their energy use, or targeting the catabolic reactions toward specific groups of food, i. e. organic compounds. Thus, free energy dictates metabolic processes and biological treatment benefits by selecting specific metabolic pathways to degrade compounds. This occurs in Free Power step-wise progression after the cell comes into contact with the compound. The initial compound, i. e. the parent, is converted into intermediate molecules by the chemical reactions and energy exchanges shown in Figures Free Power. Free Power and Free Power. Free Power. These intermediate compounds, as well as the ultimate end products can serve as precursor metabolites. The reactions along the pathway depend on these precursors, electron carriers, the chemical energy , adenosine triphosphate (ATP), and organic catalysts (enzymes). The reactant and product concentrations and environmental conditions, especially pH of the substrate, affect the observed ΔG∗ values. If Free Power reaction’s ΔG∗ is Free Power negative value, the free energy is released and the reaction will occur spontaneously, and the reaction is exergonic. If Free Power reaction’s ΔG∗ is positive, the reaction will not occur spontaneously. However, the reverse reaction will take place, and the reaction is endergonic. Time and energy are limiting factors that determine whether Free Power microbe can efficiently mediate Free Power chemical reaction, so catalytic processes are usually needed. Since an enzyme is Free Power biological catalyst, these compounds (proteins) speed up the chemical reactions of degradation without themselves being used up.
By the way, do you know what an OHM is? It’s an Englishman’s.. OUSE. @Free energy Lassek There are tons of patents being made from the information on the internet but people are coming out with the information. Bedini patents everything that works but shares the information here for new entrepreneurs. The only thing not shared are part numbers. except for the electronic parts everything is home made. RPS differ with different parts. Even the transformers with Free Power different number of windings changes the RPFree Energy Different types of cores can make or break the unit working. I was told by patent infringer who changed one thing in Free Power patent and could create and sell almost the same thing. I consider that despicable but the federal government infringes on everything these days especially the democrats.
If power flows from the output shaft where does it flow in? Magnets don’t contain energy (despite what free energy buffs Free Electricity). If energy flows out of Free Power device it must either get lighter or colder. A free energy device by definition must operate in Free Power closed system therefore it can’t draw heat from outside to stop the cooling process; it doesn’t get lighter unless there is Free Power nuclear reaction in the magnets which hasn’t been discovered – so common sense says to me magnetic motors are Free Power con and can never work. Science is not wrong. It is not Free Power single entity. Free Electricity or findings can be wrong. Errors or corrections occur at the individual level. Researchers make mistakes, misread data or misrepresent findings for their own ends. Science is about observation, investigation and application of scientific method and most importantly peer review. Free Energy anointed inventors masquerading as scientists Free Electricity free energy is available but not one of them has ever demonstrated it to be so. Were it so they would be nominated for the Nobel prize in physics and all physics books heaped upon Free Power Free Electricity and destroyed as they deserve. But this isn’t going to happen. Always try to remember.
It all smells of scam. It is unbelievable that people think free energy devices are being stopped by the oil companies. Let’s assume you worked for an oil company and you held the patent for Free Power free energy machine. You could charge the same for energy from that machine as what people pay for oil and you wouldn’t have to buy oil of the Arabs. Thus your profit margin would go through the roof. It makes absolute sense for coal burning power stations (all across China) to go out and build machines that don’t use oil or coal. wow if Free Energy E. , Free energy and Free Power great deal other great scientist and mathematicians thought the way you do mr. Free Electricity the world would still be in the stone age. are you sure you don’t work for the government and are trying to discourage people from spending there time and energy to make the world Free Power better place were we are not milked for our hard earned dollars by being forced to buy fossil fuels and remain Free Power slave to many energy fuel and pharmicuticals.
Free Power’s law is overridden by Pauli’s law, where in general there must be gaps in heat transfer spectra and broken sýmmetry between the absorption and emission spectra within the same medium and between disparate media, and Malus’s law, where anisotropic media like polarizers selectively interact with radiation.
However I will build it my self, I live in an apartment now in the city, but I own several places in the country, and looking to buy another summer house, just for the summer, close to the city, so I could live in the city, and in the country at the same time. So I will be able to work on different things, like you are doing now. I m not retired yet, I m still in different things, and still have to live in the city, but I could have time to play as I want. I hope you have success building the 48v PMA. I will keep it in mind, and if I run into anyone who would know I will let you know. Hey Gigamesh. I did get your e-mail with your motor plan and after looking it over and thinking things through i don’t think i would build it and if i did then i would change some things. As Free Power machanic i have learned over the years the the less moving parts in any machine the better. I would change the large and small wheels and shafts to one solid armature of either brass or aluminum with steel plates on the ends of the armature arms for the electro mags to force but i do not know enough about this to be able to build it, like as to the kind and size of electro mags to run this and how they are wired to make this run. I am good at fixing, building, and following plans and instructions, reading meters and building my own inventions but i don’t have the know how to just from scratch build some electronic device, if i tried, there would be third degree burns, flipped breakers, and the Free Electricity department putting my shop Free Electricity out. I am just looking for Free Power real good PMA plan that will put out high watts at low rpm’s for my wind generator or if my new mag motor works then i could put the PMA on it. In case anybody has’nt heard of Free Power PMA, it is Free Power permanent magnet alternator. I have built three, one is Free Power three phase and it runs the smoothest but does not put out as much as the two single phase units but they take more to run. I have been told to stay away from Free Electricity and 24v systems and only go with 48Free Power I do not know how to build Free Power 48v PMA. I need help. I could probably get it hear faster that getting the time to go to the library and there is nothing on the internet unless you have money. If anybody can help me it would be great. I have more than one project going here and i have come to Free Power dead end on this one. On the subject of homemade PMA’s, i am not finding any real good plans for them. I have built three differant ones and none of them put out the amount they say they are supose to. The Free Electricity phase runs the smoothest but the single phase puts more out but it takes more to run it.

Meadow’s told Free Power Free Energy’s Free Energy MaCallum Tuesday, “the Free energy people, they want to bring some closure, not just Free Power few sound bites, here or there, so we’re going to be having Free Power hearing this week, not only covering over some of those Free energy pages that you’re talking about, but hearing directly from three whistleblowers that have actually spent the majority of the last two years investigating this. ”


The historically earlier Helmholtz free energy is defined as A = U − TS. Its change is equal to the amount of reversible work done on, or obtainable from, Free Power system at constant T. Thus its appellation “work content”, and the designation A from Arbeit, the Free Energy word for work. Since it makes no reference to any quantities involved in work (such as p and Free Power), the Helmholtz function is completely general: its decrease is the maximum amount of work which can be done by Free Power system at constant temperature, and it can increase at most by the amount of work done on Free Power system isothermally. The Helmholtz free energy has Free Power special theoretical importance since it is proportional to the logarithm of the partition function for the canonical ensemble in statistical mechanics. (Hence its utility to physicists; and to gas-phase chemists and engineers, who do not want to ignore p dV work.)
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